CHS 360, Exam #1 Study Guide
CHS 360, Exam #1 Study Guide CHS 360
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Shelby Sauer on Tuesday October 11, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to CHS 360 at University of Nevada Reno taught by Dr. Robin Dunn in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 61 views. For similar materials see Disablility Issues in Health Ecology in Biology, Chemistry, Community Health Sciences, Core Humanities, Nutrition at University of Nevada Reno.
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Date Created: 10/11/16
CHS 360 Exam #1 Study Guide Definitions, Disabilities in the Media, History of Disabilities, Legal Aspects, Inclusion and SelfDetermination, & Disabilities and Technology H= Noted in Class as On Exam H= Important Questions/Ideas to Consider Keep in mind, just because it is not highlighted, doesn’t mean it won’t be on the midterm! Definitions and People First Language What is a visible disability? A disability that you can physically see. What is an invisible disability? A disability that you cannot physically see. Acquired Disability: one that you gain in life, you are not born with it. Disability: An inability or a significantly reduced ability to perform one or more major life activities. Major Life Activities: Sleeping, eating, walking, seeing, hearing, standing, working, thinking, communicating, speaking, reading, concentrating, breathing, bending, caring for oneself, lifting and performing manual tasks. **A disability can be temporary!** People First Language: Put the person before the disability o Ex. “disabled adults” vs “adults with disabilities” PWD: Person With Disability Identity First Language: Used mostly in the autistic community. Be aware of Identity First Language! But also keep the individual in mind. **Mental Retardation is no longer an eligible term** Inspiration Porn: objectification of one group of people for the benefit of another. This makes people with disabilities seem less than, like they are an unable being. It congratulates people with disabilities for doing routine tasks that are simple. Disability is commercialized, abilities are undervalued. Disabilities and the Media Supertragic Category of film and TV portrayal of disabilities. Tragic, need to feel sorry for person with a disability. o Ex: Tiny Tim, The Hunchback Superhero/Supergimp/Crip: Character with some sort of super ability. Reinforces the gap between “normal” and “disabled” people. o Ex: Rainman, Forrest Gump Extreme Media portrayals can result in unrealistic expectations and an idea that everyone with a disability should have some sort of special skills. Remember: Think about what characters you’ve seen in the media with some sort of special skill that is popular. Do you think of them as someone with a disability? We mostly forget these characters have a disability (Nemo, Daredevil, Professor X). This in turn enforces the idea that someone with a disability can only be considered “normal” if they have some sort of “super ability.” History of Disabilities Ancient Era o Greek and Roman cultures saw differences such as disabilities as a mark of inferiority o Greeks referred to people with intellectual deficiencies as idiots o In Rome, children with disabilities were publicly persecuted and thrown in the Tiber River by their parents. o Some were mutilated to increase their value as beggars o In Sparta, the abandonment of disabled infants was a legal requirement. The Middle Ages, Renaissance, and Reformation o Datheus, archbishop of Milan, founded the first asylum o Leprosy colonies were filled with “deviants” (orphans, vagabonds, madmen, incurables, and disabled persons) o “Idiot Cages” became common in town centers to “keep people with disabilities out of trouble” th th 17 and 18 Centuries o Beginning of education and treatment studies for persons with disabilities. o The French Revolution began the battle for recognition of the innate dignity and worth of all human beings. o Idea that one must look “normal” or make a specific contribution to society in order to live o “Imbecile” children were taken with every twenty children that were added to the work force during the industrial revolution Rise of the Institutions o Living conditions for persons with disabilities, especially in industrial areas o “Warning out” was informing an unwanted newcomer that he or she was not welcome in their town. Warning out was a common practice towards individuals with disabilities. o Early training schools for children with disabilities was established in Berlin. o Shelter the deviant from society Legal Aspects There are notecards posted on StudySoup for all of the terms you need to know for this section. Basically, any term or law that is an acronym is something that you should have on your 8X11 cheat sheet or have memorized. Inclusion and SelfDetermination Inclusion o In this class, this term is referring to integrating children with disabilities into normal education setting classrooms. o School districts must educate students with disabilities in the regular classroom with appropriate aids and supports along with their nondisabled peers in the school they attend o Inclusion can lead to self determination o Know the pros and cons of full inclusion schools SelfDetermination o The process of making things happen in one’s own life o Involves the capacity, the needed supports, and the opportunity provided for making choices, setting goals, solving problems, and making decisions. o Choices and decisions may be related to where a person lies, whether the person has a job, and how the person spends leisure time Assistive Technology Assistive Technology is any item, piece of equipment or product system, whether acquired commercially off the shelf that is used to increase, maintain or improve the functional capabilities of children with disabilities. IDEA o Individuals with Disabilities Education Act o Requires free, appropriate public education through an individualized education program IEP. S.E.T.T. Framework o Student, Environment, Task, Tool o Student: Information about the person o Environment: Where does the person spend most of their day? o Task: What is it you want the person to do that he/she is not able to do now? o Tool: What is available at the site/home? Insurance of assistive technology must be listed under acceptable categories of “durable medical equipment” AAC= Augmentative Alternative Communication o Best way to teach AAC is modeling! Universal Design: Involves designing products and spaces so that they can be used b the widest range of people possible. Evolved from Accessible Design, a design process that addresses the needs of people with disabilities. Recognizing that there is a wide spectrum of human disabilities. In class Midterm Review: Test will consist of: o Fill in the blank/True or False o Short answer Questions Three Sentences o Two Essays Will not ask about specific stuff from readings, but you should know general info about each reading What did you take away from the information? Know any acronym Know the general idea for every law Review the information Know essence of each period for the history section Essay Questions: o Discuss pros and cons of inclusion in a school setting. Choose a disability, imagine you have a child with that disability in 7 grade. What would your wishes be for your child in terms of inclusion? o Choose one of the time periods in history. Tell us the spirit of that time period for people with disabilities. For that same time period, choose a disability. What would that person’s life would have been like in that time period?
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