New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Classical Midterm

by: ljackson60 Notetaker

Classical Midterm

Marketplace > Georgia State University > > Classical Midterm
ljackson60 Notetaker
GPA 3.17

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Notes over chapter 12-14 for Classical midterm.
Music, society, and culture
Dr. Lara Dahl
Study Guide
intro, to, Music, Society, and, Culture
50 ?




Popular in Music, society, and culture

Popular in Department

This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by ljackson60 Notetaker on Wednesday October 12, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to at Georgia State University taught by Dr. Lara Dahl in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 28 views.


Reviews for Classical Midterm


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 10/12/16
STUDY GUIDE: CLASSICAL ERA Chapter 12 Prelude: Music and the Enlightenment The Enlightenment: Late 18 century intellectual and philosophical movement Role of music became to entertain and please all classes of people Concert hall: First one built in year: 1748 City and Country: Oxford, England Why were they popular? Many different types of music were played and were moved into the public domain. Who could attend? Anyone could attend. What genres would be heard in the concert hall? Vocal music, orchestral music, church music, and opera. How did they change the life of a composer? Musicians still depended mostly on court patronage, the opera house, and the church. Vienna: Mozart and Beethoven career launched here, ruled by Joseph II, geographically central and an important country at the time. Joseph II: known for emancipating the peasantry, furthering education, and reducing the power of the clergy, supported music and literature and encouraged free press. Rosseau: Attacked opera seria for being too complex Demanded music be filled with “natural” simplicity and “pleasing variety” Classical Style: Melodies became simpler and more like tunes. The dominant texture became homophonic. Sonata form, minuet form, rondo form, and theme and variations form were the most prevalent forms during the period. Predominant texture of Classical period: Homophony, because melody was most important! Classical Orchestra – know what instruments/how many were involved in each section Strings: Violins 1 and 2, violas, cellos, bass Woodwinds: 2 Oboes and 1 Bassoon Brass: 3 Trumpets Percussion: 1 Timpani Pianoforte: How is it different from the harpsichord? Why was it so popular? Felt- covered hammers, which operated from a keyboard strike upon metal strings creates sound. It has a great musical range and was considered the soloist’s instrument. Chapter 13: The Symphony Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791): Prague Symphony lacked a minuet. Joseph Haydn (1732-1809): Farewell Symphony has an extra slow movement, which totals five movements in all. Symphony: a multi-movement work for orchestra Symphony movement plan: 4 movements Fill out tempo/characteristics/form for each movement Tempo Characteristics Form I. Fast and in Sonata form. Sometimes preceded by solemn intro in slow tempo. II. Slow temp and quiet mood. Sonata form, rondo form, and other forms. III. Persistent dance rhythms, moderately paced in triple meter. Minuet form. IV. Very fast, which may be in sonata form. Sonata Form, always the form of the 1 movement of symphonies Slow Introduction optional for first movements of symphonies Exposition – I refers to TONIC key, V refers to DOMINANT key, it’s important that you understand what sections are in the tonic key and which modulate (I) Primary theme (I) Transition/Bridge–modulates from TONIC(I) to most often DOMINANT(V) (V) Secondary theme (V) Closing material Development: Fragments melodies and motives Modulates to many different keys, no sense of tonic Section with most modulation Polyphonic texture, often composers use fugues in this section Retransition – modulates back to I for the recapitulation Recapitulation (I) Primary theme (I) Transition/Bridge – no modulation, stays in the TONIC (I) key until the end (I) Secondary theme (I) Closing material Coda – short closing section Theme and Variations form: A form consisting of a tune (the theme) plus a number of variations on it. Minuet/Trio form: Know the outer form (ABA) and inner form (aba’, etc.), A- Minuet |: a||:b:| B-Trio |:c:||:d:| A- Minuet (ab) B is called the trio. Rondo form: Musical form consisting of one main theme or tune alternating with other themes or sections (ABACA) Chapter 14: Other Classical Genres Chamber Music (domestic genre): Definition? Music designed to be played in a room. What genres are considered chamber music? Sonata (n.): Definition? 1-2 players Piano sonatas include how many players? Instrumental sonatas include how many players? It includes two players. What instrument stays the same? The violin stays the same. Sonata mvmt plan: How is it similar to a concerto? To a symphony—which mvmt is missing? Sonata has three movements which is similar to a concerto, but unlike a symphony it excludes the minuet movement. String Quartet: Instrumentation? Two violins, a viola, and a cello. String quartet movement plan: How is it similar to the symphony? How is it different? Similar in number of movements in a symphony, just with a small number of instruments. Classical Concerto: Definition? Piece of music that features the expressiveness of a soloist with the accompaniment of an orchestra. How is the role of soloist vs orchestra different from Baroque? Instrumental virtuosity remained a central feature of Classical concerto. Orchestra became more coordinated. The soloist and orchestra are perfectly matched. Classical concerto mvmt plan: How is it similar to the sonata? How is it similar to the symphony—which mvmt is missing? Both have only three movements and no minuet. What form would be used in the first movement? Double-exposition form is used in the first movement. Double-exposition form: Always heard in the first movement of a CONCERTO How is it similar to sonata form? How is it different? It is like an extended variant of sonata form with a cadenza in the end. Know what themes would be heard in these sections, and whether in tonic or secondary key Orchestra Exposition: Quiet themes, touches on minor keys briefly, but mostly remains in a major tonic key. Cadence theme ends section in gentle mood. Soloist Exposition: Another quiet, gentle melody appears. Development: Fragments of the new theme is brought from woodwinds music modulates to minor-mode keys. New theme turns anxious and the piano pulls the music toward the recapitulation. Recapitulation: Where does the cadenza occur? What is a cadenza? It occurs near the end and it is an improvised passage for the soloist in a concerto. Opera Buffa (buffoon): It is Italian comic opera. How is it different from opera seria in terms of characters, source of plots, soloists, pacing? Characters were now contemporary peasant girls and soldiers, and basses specialized in comical rants and exasperations. Plots were now the results of tricks and schemes rather than the decrees of magnanimous princes. Pacing was now faster because characters were able to sing less and convey more. Ensembles: Definition? How did this create faster pacing in opera buffa compared opera seria? An ensemble is a number sung by two or more people. It created faster pacing because characters had to say less. Which of our listening excerpts is an example of an ensemble? Mozart’s Don Giovanni Listening: The following pieces will need to be identified on the listening portion: Mozart’s Symphony No. 40 in G Minor, 1 mvmt st Mozart’s Piano Concerto in A Major, K. 488, 1 mvmt (CD 2 Track 35/2:11 streaming) Mozart’s “La ci darem la mano” from Don Giovanni (CD 3 Track 4)


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.