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BIOS 1710: Biological Sciences II, Exam 2 Study Guide

by: Sydney Jones

BIOS 1710: Biological Sciences II, Exam 2 Study Guide Bio 1710

Marketplace > Ohio University > Biology > Bio 1710 > BIOS 1710 Biological Sciences II Exam 2 Study Guide
Sydney Jones

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About this Document

Cover ch 38, 40, 41, and 42. Includes link to flashcards and chart of all hormones. If you have any question feel free to email me
General Biology
Study Guide
Biology, reproduction, Hormones, Kidney
50 ?




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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Sydney Jones on Wednesday October 12, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Bio 1710 at Ohio University taught by in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 141 views. For similar materials see General Biology in Biology at Ohio University.


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Date Created: 10/12/16
Ch 39 - Gas exchange (how and why) - Diffusion - Fick’s Low of Diffusion - Bulk flow - Organs for gas exchange (Gills, Insect Tracheal System, Lungs) ▯ review bird lungs - Anatomy of lungs Larynx Trachea Primary Bronchi Bronchioles Alveoli Pulmonary Capillaries wall Surfactant - Hemoglobin (hemolymph), myoglobin ▯ know structure - Oxygen Dissociation Curve and Bohr Shift - Open vs. Closed Circulatory System Ch 40 - 3 main sources of energy (ATP), how they are digested and where - Anabolic and Catabolic Reactions - What is the last source of energy to be used? - Metabolism - Basal MR and MR, how they are affected (activity, body size, temp) - Endotherms vs. ectoderms - 70% of energy is used for basic life functions; 36% of the US adult pop. is considered obese - Amino acids, Essential Amino Acids - Dietary minerals and vitamins - Types of feeding (suspension filter feeding, suction feeding, jaws) - Temperamandibular Joint - Types of teeth and function - Extracellular and Intracellular Digestion - 3 parts of the gut - What happens in the mouth, stomach, and small/large intestine? - Know herbivores stomachs and why they are different from ours - Appendix and vestigial structures - Renal system - Osmosis and osmotic pressure - Where and what are aquaporins - Osmoconformers and osmoregulators - Types of waste (ammonia, urea, and uric acid) - Unicellular vs. multicellular organism disposal of waste - Excretory Tubules - Reabsorption and secretion - Know flatworms, segmented worms, and insect waste removal - Kidneys (parts, function/how) Ch 38 - Endocrine system - How hormones help in growth and development (ridonius) and homeostasis - Positive/negative feedback - 3 classes of hormones (peptide, amine, steroid) - Hypothalamus, posterior/anterior pituitary gland, thyroid gland, adrenal glands, parathyroid gland, pineal gland, and adrenal medulla - Tropic hormones Ch 42 - Asexual reproduction (binary fission, budding, fragmentation, and parthenogenesis) - Know pros and cons of asexual reproduction - Sexual reproduction - Male reproductive system (parts and function) - Female reproductive system (parts and function) - Hormone regulation (GnRh, APG, LH, and FSH) - Menstrual Cycle (with and with out fertilization) - Follicular Phase/Luteal Phase - Menopause - Estrus cycle - Gametogenesis - Development of sperm and egg - Fertilization - Acrosomal reaction - Development of fertilized egg - Childbirth Gland/Tissue Hormone Acronym Target Action Hypothalamus Releasing Factors peptides Anterior Pituitary Gland Stimulate secretion of anterior pituitary hormones Anterior Pituitary Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone TSH Thyroid Gland Stimulates syntheses and secretion of Gland thyroid hormones by the thyroid gland Follicle-Stimulating Hormone FSH Gonads Maturation of eggs/sperm production Luteinizing Hormone LH Gonads Production and secretion of sex hormones Adrenocorticotropic Hormone ACTH Adrenal Glands Production and release of cortisol Growth Hormone GH Bones, muscles, liver Protein synthesis and body growth Prolactin protein Mammary Glands Milk production Melanocyte-stimulating peptide Melanocytes Regulates skin pigmentation Hormone Posterior Pituitary Oxytocin peptide Uterus, breast, brain Uterine contraction and milk let-down; Gland social behavior Antidiuretic Hormone ADH Kidneys, brain Uptake of water, pair bonding Thyroid Gland Thyroid Hormone peptides Many tissues Metabolism for development and growth Calcitonin peptide Bone Bone formation Ovaries Estrogen steroid Uterus, breasts, other Development of female secondary tissues sexual characteristics and reproductive behavior Progesterone steroid Uterus Maintains female secondary sexual characteristics and sustains pregnancy Testes Testosterone steroid Various tissues Development of male secondary sexual characteristics; regulates reproductive behavior and sperm production Adrenal Cortex Cortisol steroid Liver, muscles, immune Regulates response to stress by system increasing blood glucose levels and reduces inflammation Adrenal Medulla (Nor-)Epinephrine peptide Heart, blood vessels, liver Heart rate, blood flow, and elevation of blood glucose levels Parathyroid Parathyroid Hormone PTH Bone Bone reabsorption to increase blood Glands calcium levels Pancreas Insulin protein Liver, muscles, fat, other Uptake of blood glucose and storage as tissue glycogen Glucagon protein Liver Breakdown of glycogen and glucose release into blood Somatostain peptide Digestive tract Inhibits inulin/glucagon release, decreases digestive activity Stomach Gastrin peptide Stomach Protein digestion by digestive enzymes and acid; gastric motility Small Intestine Cholecystokinin peptide Pancreases, liver, Secretion of digestive enzymes gallbladder Secretin peptide Pancreas Bicarbonate secretion from pancreas Pineal Gland Melatonin peptide Brain, various organs Circadian rhythms


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