hant Slauchse- of a prohen is its sequence of anino auds ondary structure colls and folds, results of H bonds bhon repeating
constituents of the polypeptide backbone a hell- delicate coll held together by H bonding on
every 4th amino aad B plealed sheet two or more segments of polypephde chann
lying side by side are connected by H bonds terhary structure overan shape of a polypephde resulting from
interachons bhun side chains Quaternary structure is the overall protien structre that resur
from the aggregation of these polupeptide
subunits denaturation process by which protiens or nucleic acads lose
their qualemany structure, terhon structure, and If you want to learn more check out What is meant by a consensus decision?
secondary, by application of external stress chaperonins- protien moloaules that assist in the proper tolding
of other protiens X-ray crystallography - been used to determine the 3-D structure
polunucleohdes- nucleic acids are macromolocules that are polymers nucleotides composed of a five-carbon sugar (pentose), a Don't forget about the age old question of What are the seven major neurotransmitters?
nitrogen -containing base, and one or more phosphate
groups pyrimidine - type of nitrogenous base that has one six
membered ring of C and N atoms
15-6 genomics - biologists analyze and compare sels of genes protenomics- lorge sets of prohen analysis and their
anosan We also discuss several other topics like What is the best example of a primary group?
trans fris- an unsaturated fatty acid occunng in margarines toils as
a result of the hydrogenation process, having a tro arrangement of the Catoms adjacent to its dow
bonds phospholipid- is similar to a fat molocule but has only two fatty
acids attalched to glycerol rather than tree. Stenods are lipids characterized by C skeleton consishng
of four fused rings cholesterol - type of steroid
peptide bond- a bond btwn amino acids polupephole- a polymer of amino acids Protion - is a biologically functional moloaulle made up of one or - more polupeptides, each folded & colled into a specific three We also discuss several other topics like What is memory and the processes involved?
dimensional structure amino acid- is an organic molocute w l both an amino group and a
beotide bond- chemical bond formed btwn two molocules when
the carboxyl group of one molocue reacts w/ the amino group of the other moocule - releasing a H2O
Ch 5 Structures Function of borge Biological Molde Polymer- long moloque consisting of many simular or idential building We also discuss several other topics like What refers to the physical attractiveness stereotype?
blocks linced by covalent bonds monomers repeahng units that serve as the building blocks of a polymer enzymes- specialized macromolecules that speed up chemical reachons dehydration reaction loss of a water molecule hydrolysis-polymers are dissembled to monomers by this process that
- the reverse of dehydrahon reach'on (water breakage) If you want to learn more check out What does it mean to have good spatial awareness?
Carbohydrates - include sucars and polymer of sugars
- mono sacchandes - simple sudors (CH2O) disccharide - consists of two monosaccharides joined by a
glycosidic linkage - covalent bond formed btwn tu monosaccharides by a dehydration reaction
ex) Maltose polysaccharides - are macromoloales, polymers w/ a few hundred
to a few thousand monosaccharides joined by
a glycosidic linkage starch- a polymer of glucose monomers (plants) glycogen - polymer of glucose (animals). cellulose - polysaccharide that is a major component in the tous
walls that enclose plant cells
5-3 lipids - does not include polymers and not big enough to be considered
macromolocules. They mx poorly, if at all w/ H2O Chydrophobic) Fot- constructed from smaller molocules called glycerol and fatty acid
by is an alcohol Enthe acid- has a long C skeleton (16-18) at one end has a carboxyl - group- group that gives it acid triacylglycerol three fatty acids joined to glycerol by an
ester linkage, a bond formed by a dehydration reachon btwn hydroxyl and a carboxyl group the resulting fat is a triacyglycerol