HIS202 Study Guide ID questions
HIS202 Study Guide ID questions HIS 202
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Jennifer Hodapp on Thursday October 13, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HIS 202 at State University of New York at Oswego taught by Frank Byrne (P) in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 136 views.
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Date Created: 10/13/16
STUDY GUIDE FOR EXAM #2 ID QUESTIONS John Marshall John Marshall was a federalist who took part in the ‘Marbury v. Madison’ Case in 1803. Marshall ruled that the Supreme Court lacked the power. He felt that Marbury’s interpretation was correct and he should have received the position from Madison but the law itself was unconstitutional. He is significant because this was the first time the supreme court declared federal legislation unconstitutional. Federalist Party The federalist party was the first American political party during Washington’s administration in 178996. It was in opposition to the democraticrepublican party. Bank of the United States Established in 1791 by Alexander Hamilton. It was the first bank of the United states. The significance is that it was needed because the government had a lot of debt from the revolutionary war. th Battle of New Orleans The battle of New Orleans was fought between January 8 and January 18 of 1815. The final major battle of the war of 1812. Andrew Jackson prevented British force from seizing New Orleans. The significance of this battle is that American forces successfully repelled the invading British army led by General Edward Pakenham. Stamp Act The stamp act was an act of the British parliament in 1765. The act imposed a tax on all paper products in the colonies. The colonists found the act to be unconstitutional and the act was later repelled in 1766. The significance of this act was taxes were being placed on all paper documents so that the British could raise money. Sons of Liberty An organization of American colonists. They were a secret society that wanted to protect the rights of the colonists. They played a role in battling the stamp act in 1765. The sons of liberty were significant because they were the foundation for further resistance against the stamp act. Marbury v. Madison Marbury v. Madison took place in 1803. Marbury had been appointed, when Madison, Thomas Jefferson’s secretary of state, refused to deliver Marbury’s commission. John Marshall felt that Madison should have given Marbury his commission. This led the court to declare federal legislation unconstitutional. This is significant because it was the first time federal legislation had been declared unconstitutional. Alien & Sedition Acts The alien and sedition acts were passed in 1798 by congress. The Alien Act extended the period of time for immigrants to become a nationalized citizen from 5 years to 14 plus years. The sedition act said that if public statements were found to have seditious language then that person will be put in jail. The writ of Habeas Corpus would be suspended. The significance of this was that the acts violated freedom of speech and other rights to man. Hamilton’s Report on Manufacturers Report on Manufacturers was a book written by Alexander Hamilton and presented to the house of representative in 1791. He argued that the United States could only assure its political independence by maintaining economic independence. The significance of this book is that it was a plan for industrializing America. Pontiac’s Rebellion A war launched in 1763 by a loose confederation of native American tribes. They were dissatisfied with the end results of the French and Indian war and joined together to drive the British settlers out of the region. They were unable to drive them away but the British made modifications to the policy. The significance of this rebellion was that it concluded a series of conflicts between the French and native Americans. Lord Dunmore’s Proclamation Dunmore’s proclamation is a historical document signed on November 7, 1775, by John Murray, royal governor of British colony Virginia. The proclamation declared martial law and promised freedom for slaves who left their owners and joined the royal forces. The significance of this document is that it offered the first largescale emancipation of slave and servant labor in the history of colonial British America. Bill of Rights The bill of rights (1791) is composed of the first ten amendments to the united states constitution. The significance of the bill of rights is that it gave citizens specific rights in which the government could not touch. Saint Domingue The Haitian Revolution is the largest and most successful slave rebellion in the Western Hemisphere. Slaves initiated the rebellion in 1791 and by 1803 they had succeeded in ending not just slavery but French control over the colony. The significance of this revolution was that they were able to end slavery and French control in their colony. Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions Issues by state government (1798). If passed legislation violated rights, then they had the right to nullify them. The significance was that it declared the alien and sedition acts unconstitutional. Townshend Duties & Nonimportant Movement In 1767 the Townshend Act imposed tax on glass, lead, paints, paper and tea imported into the colonies. Passed by the Parliament of Great Britain relating to the British colonies in North America. Nonimportant movement refers to boycotting British imports by American colonists due to taxed goods. Alexander Hamilton One of the founding fathers of the united states. Promoter of the US constitution, founder of the first bank of the united states as well as the federalist party. Opposed the democraticrepublican party led by Thomas Jefferson. Peace of Paris The peace of Paris of 1783 was a series of treaties that ended the American revolutionary war. The significance was that it ended the war and the British recognized the independence of the United States. Louisiana Purchase The Louisiana purchase of 1803 was a land deal between the united states and France. The purchase was made during president Jefferson’s term. The significance was that once purchased by the US it opened opportunity for westward expansion as well as doubling the size of the US. Cotton Gin 1793 The cotton gin is a machine that separates the cotton from its seeds. Significant because it’s a technological advancement. Boston Tea Party A political protest by the sons of liberty in Boston, in 1773. They threw hundreds of tea crates into the Boston harbor. A protest against the tax on tea. This was significant to the American revolution. Tecumseh A Native American leader of the Shawnee who opposed the US during the Tecumseh war and became a British ally in the war of 1812. Wanted to establish an independent Native American nation under British protection. Battle of Saratoga The battle of Saratoga was known as the turning point in the Revolutionary war. Americans took victory over the British in 1777. Thomas Paine’s common sense Published in 1776. The book challenged the British government. The book promotes independence from Great Britain to the people of the 13 colonies. Stating moral and political arguments to encourage people to fight for a government independent from Great Britain. Significance advocating independence. Shay’s Rebellion Shays' Rebellion is a series of protests in 17861787 by American farmers against state and local enforcement of tax collections. The significance is that it seen as one of the major factors in writing the new constitution. Whiskey Rebellion A tax protest in 1791. Intended to help national debt. The farmers did not agree with the tax because they were long accustomed to distilling their corn into whiskey. The significance is that is enforced the right of the government to pass laws impacting all states. Articles of Confederation The articles of confederation was the original constitution of the united states before it was replaced by the US constitution in 1789.
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