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HIS202 Study Guide ID questions

by: Jennifer Hodapp

HIS202 Study Guide ID questions HIS 202

Marketplace > State University of New York at Oswego > HIS 202 > HIS202 Study Guide ID questions
Jennifer Hodapp
SUNY Oswego

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Possible ID questions for upcoming exam
Hist US to 1865
Frank Byrne (P)
Study Guide
50 ?




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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Jennifer Hodapp on Thursday October 13, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HIS 202 at State University of New York at Oswego taught by Frank Byrne (P) in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 136 views.

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Date Created: 10/13/16
STUDY GUIDE FOR EXAM #2 ID QUESTIONS John Marshall­ John Marshall was a federalist who took part in the ‘Marbury v. Madison’ Case  in 1803. Marshall ruled that the Supreme Court lacked the power. He felt that Marbury’s  interpretation was correct and he should have received the position from Madison but the law  itself was unconstitutional. He is significant because this was the first time the supreme court  declared federal legislation unconstitutional. Federalist Party­ The federalist party was the first American political party during Washington’s  administration in 1789­96. It was in opposition to the democratic­republican party. Bank of the United States­ Established in 1791 by Alexander Hamilton. It was the first bank of  the United states. The significance is that it was needed because the government had a lot of debt from the revolutionary war. th Battle of New Orleans­ The battle of New Orleans was fought between January 8  and January  18  of 1815. The final major battle of the war of 1812. Andrew Jackson prevented British force  from seizing New Orleans. The significance of this battle is that American forces successfully  repelled the invading British army led by General Edward Pakenham. Stamp Act­ The stamp act was an act of the British parliament in 1765. The act imposed a tax on  all paper products in the colonies. The colonists found the act to be unconstitutional and the act  was later repelled in 1766. The significance of this act was taxes were being placed on all paper  documents so that the British could raise money. Sons of Liberty­ An organization of American colonists. They were a secret society that wanted  to protect the rights of the colonists. They played a role in battling the stamp act in 1765. The  sons of liberty were significant because they were the foundation for further resistance against  the stamp act.  Marbury v. Madison­ Marbury v. Madison took place in 1803. Marbury had been appointed,  when Madison, Thomas Jefferson’s secretary of state, refused to deliver Marbury’s commission.  John Marshall felt that Madison should have given Marbury his commission. This led the court  to declare federal legislation unconstitutional. This is significant because it was the first time  federal legislation had been declared unconstitutional.  Alien & Sedition Acts­ The alien and sedition acts were passed in 1798 by congress. The Alien  Act extended the period of time for immigrants to become a nationalized citizen from 5 years to  14 plus years. The sedition act said that if public statements were found to have seditious  language then that person will be put in jail. The writ of Habeas Corpus would be suspended.  The significance of this was that the acts violated freedom of speech and other rights to man.  Hamilton’s Report on Manufacturers­ Report on Manufacturers was a book written by Alexander Hamilton and presented to the house of representative in 1791. He argued that the United States  could only assure its political independence by maintaining economic independence. The  significance of this book is that it was a plan for industrializing America.  Pontiac’s Rebellion­ A war launched in 1763 by a loose confederation of native American tribes. They were dissatisfied with the end results of the French and Indian war and joined together to  drive the British settlers out of the region. They were unable to drive them away but the British  made modifications to the policy. The significance of this rebellion was that it concluded a series of conflicts between the French and native Americans. Lord Dunmore’s Proclamation­ Dunmore’s proclamation is a historical document signed on  November 7, 1775, by John Murray, royal governor of British colony Virginia. The proclamation declared martial law and promised freedom for slaves who left their owners and joined the royal  forces. The significance of this document is that it offered the first large­scale emancipation of  slave and servant labor in the history of colonial British America. Bill of Rights­ The bill of rights (1791) is composed of the first ten amendments to the united  states constitution. The significance of the bill of rights is that it gave citizens specific rights in  which the government could not touch.  Saint­ Domingue­ The Haitian Revolution is the largest and most successful slave rebellion in  the Western Hemisphere. Slaves initiated the rebellion in 1791 and by 1803 they had succeeded  in ending not just slavery but French control over the colony. The significance of this revolution  was that they were able to end slavery and French control in their colony. Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions­ Issues by state government (1798). If passed legislation  violated rights, then they had the right to nullify them. The significance was that it declared the  alien and sedition acts unconstitutional.  Townshend Duties & Non­important Movement­ In 1767 the Townshend Act imposed tax on  glass, lead, paints, paper and tea imported into the colonies. Passed by the Parliament of Great  Britain relating to the British colonies in North America. Non­important movement refers to  boycotting British imports by American colonists due to taxed goods.  Alexander Hamilton­ One of the founding fathers of the united states. Promoter of the US  constitution, founder of the first bank of the united states as well as the federalist party. Opposed  the democratic­republican party led by Thomas Jefferson. Peace of Paris­ The peace of Paris of 1783 was a series of treaties that ended the American  revolutionary war. The significance was that it ended the war and the British recognized the  independence of the United States.  Louisiana Purchase­ The Louisiana purchase of 1803 was a land deal between the united states  and France. The purchase was made during president Jefferson’s term. The significance was that  once purchased by the US it opened opportunity for westward expansion as well as doubling the  size of the US.  Cotton Gin­ 1793 The cotton gin is a machine that separates the cotton from its seeds. Significant because it’s a technological advancement.  Boston Tea Party­ A political protest by the sons of liberty in Boston, in 1773. They threw  hundreds of tea crates into the Boston harbor. A protest against the tax on tea. This was  significant to the American revolution. Tecumseh­ A Native American leader of the Shawnee who opposed the US during the Tecumseh war and became a British ally in the war of 1812. Wanted to establish an independent Native  American nation under British protection. Battle of Saratoga­ The battle of Saratoga was known as the turning point in the Revolutionary  war. Americans took victory over the British in 1777. Thomas Paine’s common sense­ Published in 1776. The book challenged the British government. The book promotes independence from Great Britain to the people of the 13 colonies. Stating  moral and political arguments to encourage people to fight for a government independent from  Great Britain. Significance­ advocating independence. Shay’s Rebellion­ Shays' Rebellion is a series of protests in 1786­1787 by American farmers  against state and local enforcement of tax collections. The significance is that it seen as one of  the major factors in writing the new constitution.  Whiskey Rebellion­ A tax protest in 1791. Intended to help national debt. The farmers did not  agree with the tax because they were long accustomed to distilling their corn into whiskey. The  significance is that is enforced the right of the government to pass laws impacting all states. Articles of Confederation­ The articles of confederation was the original constitution of the  united states before it was replaced by the US constitution in 1789. 


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