Test #2 Study Guide Soc 112
Test #2 Study Guide Soc 112 SOC 112
Popular in American Family: Change and Diversity
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by MRob on Thursday October 13, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to SOC 112 at Illinois State University taught by William Dowell in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 364 views.
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Date Created: 10/13/16
10/13/16 SOCIOLOGY 112: TEST #2 STUGDY GUIDE 1. CHAPTER 5: RACE, ETHNICITY, CLASS AND GENDER A. Stratification 1. Social stratification: the organizing of groups based on differences, real of perceived such as age • Economically based on occupation, wealth, income • Fluid with no clear boundaries • You can move between social classes based on things such as an economic disaster or winning the lottery • Relationship between classes • Upper class can’t survive without the lower class and middle class can’t survive without the lower class 2. Socioeconomic status • Max Weber says socioeconomic status is a multi -dimensional ranking consisting of the following • Class (Income and wealth) • Status (prestige of occupation) • Political power (ability to influence) B. Culture of Poverty 1. The Cycle • Poor family with young children, results in substandard living conditions • Leads to poor school systems or a disinterest in school • Look for escape, can be found by a low wage • Low educational background, poor work history • Make poor decisions, take on adult responsibility too early (like kids) • Children are raised in the cycle 2. Critiques of Culture of poverty • Lack of 2 parent families • Educated, fully -employed women have low poverty rates • Welfare to blame for poverty • “have kids to get more money from the government” 3. Types of Poverty • Relative Poverty: deprivation of some people in relation to others • Bottom 20% • Absolute Poverty: deprivation of resources that is life threatening • Lack of water, food, clothing, shelter 2. CHAPTER 6: WORK, HOU SEWORK, AND WOMEN A. Study of work 1. Industrialization • Spheres of home and work were separated • Women connected to the home while men are more connected to work 2. Job Model • Focuses on working conditions, opportunities, problems & job expectation • Use this to discuss men’s relationshi p to labor force • Obligations as family members not related to work • Gender Model: ignores working conditions and job characteristics and instead focuses on personal characteristics to explain behavior at work 3. Relationship/Work Preferences • Women • Egalitarian Relationship i. “I want to make equal wages as my partner” • Autonomous relationship i. “If I can’t make equal wages, I’ll just remain single” • Men • Egalitarian i. “I want to make equal wages as my partner” • Neotraditional relationship i. “I’ll be the breadwinner an d work full time and leave the house/childcare to my wife” B. Macro Perspective to Women entering labor force. 1. Supply side • Work at home decreased in value • Lower birth rates • Labor-saving devices in the home 2 2. Demand side • Identifies occupations as women’s work • Ex. Nurse, secretary, cosmetologist, teacher • Created a pull for women to enter labor market 3. Social Structure • Improved birth control • Increased life span • Improved technology • Easier to buy goods than to make them C. Micro Perspective to enter labor force 1. Early Chilhood experiences • Direct correlation to seeing mom work and the daughter working 2. Consider social roles and cost of domesticity • Push vs. Pull • More finances vs. importance of a parent at home raising the kids 3. Ability of husband to provide finances • Falling into gender roles • What’s the husband’s attitude towards his wife working? D. How does work influence family? 1. Absorption- how a job draws in an employee and family 2. Time and timing • Amount of time spent at work • Flex schedule vs. rigid hours • Long ter m commitments? 3. Income brought in • Women average only 36% of family income • Only 25% earn more than their husbands 4. Worldview • Ideas promoted at work influence behaviors at home • Ex. Police officer, teacher, therapist, nurse • Social psychological influences a t work can effect families too! • “Bring home work with you” 3 3. CHAPTER 7: HOUSEWORK A. Oakley’s Classic research on housewives (1960) 1. Tasks were monotonous, never ending, lonely 2. Long hours limit ability to engage in other activities 3. Unpaid work in a money -based economy • Work is devalued • Worker is devalued • Appear to be unproductive B. Today 1. Number of stay at home dads has almost doubled since 1989 2. Housework for men has increased since 1990 3. 92% of all adults thought it was very important t o share household chores FOUR IMPORTANT NUMBERS TO KNOW $56,516—Median Household Income 80 cents—What a woman makes for every dollar a man makes 13.5%-- Overall Poverty Rate $24,300 for a family of 4 4. 45-54 year olds make the most money 5. 4
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