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ISU / Physics / PHYS 112 / the multi-dimensional ranking of social stratification is which of the

the multi-dimensional ranking of social stratification is which of the

the multi-dimensional ranking of social stratification is which of the

Description

School: Illinois State University
Department: Physics
Course: American Family: Change and Diversity
Professor: William dowell
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: family, change, and diversity
Cost: 50
Name: Test #2 Study Guide Soc 112
Description: Study Guide for test on 10/19
Uploaded: 10/13/2016
4 Pages 9 Views 16 Unlocks
Reviews


10/13/16


who is Max Weber?



SOCIOLOGY 112: TEST #2 STUGDY GUIDE

1. CHAPTER 5: RACE, ETHNICITY, CLASS AND GENDER A. Stratification

1. Social stratification: the organizing of groups based on differences, real of  perceived such as age

• Economically based on occupation, wealth, income

• Fluid with no clear boundaries

• You can move between social classes based on things such as an  economic disaster or winning the lottery

• Relationship between classes

• Upper class can’t survive without the lower class and middle class  can’t survive without the lower class

2. Socioeconomic status

• Max Weber says socioeconomic status is a multi-dimensional ranking  consisting of the following  

• Class (Income and wealth)

• Status (prestige of occupation)

• Political power (ability to influence)  

B. Culture of Poverty

1. The Cycle


how does work influence family?



• Poor family with young children, results in substandard living conditions • Leads to poor school systems or a disinterest in school  

• Look for escape, can be found by a low wage

• Low educational background, poor work history

• Make poor decisions, take on adult responsibility too early (like kids)  • Children are raised in the cycle

2. Critiques of Culture of poverty

• Lack of 2 parent families

• Educated, fully-employed women have low poverty rates

• Welfare to blame for poverty

• “have kids to get more money from the government”If you want to learn more check out chemistry practice midterm

3. Types of Poverty

• Relative Poverty: deprivation of some people in relation to others • Bottom 20%

• Absolute Poverty: deprivation of resources that is life threatening • Lack of water, food, clothing, shelter If you want to learn more check out biology fau

2. CHAPTER 6: WORK, HOUSEWORK, AND WOMEN


what type of poverty deprives of some people in relation to others?



A. Study of work

1. Industrialization

• Spheres of home and work were separated  

• Women connected to the home while men are more connected to work  2. Job Model

• Focuses on working conditions, opportunities, problems & job expectation • Use this to discuss men’s relationship to labor force

• Obligations as family members not related to work  

• Gender Model: ignores working conditions and job characteristics and  instead focuses on personal characteristics to explain behavior at work 3. Relationship/Work Preferences

• Women

• Egalitarian Relationship

i. “I want to make equal wages as my partner”

• Autonomous relationship  

i. “If I can’t make equal wages, I’ll just remain single”  

• Men

• Egalitarian  

i. “I want to make equal wages as my partner”  

• Neotraditional relationship  

i. “I’ll be the breadwinner and work full time and leave the  house/childcare to my wife”

B. Macro Perspective to Women entering labor force.

1. Supply side

• Work at home decreased in value

• Lower birth rates Don't forget about the age old question of in the context of peer statuses, _____ children give out reinforcements, listen carefully, maintain open lines of communication with peers, are happy, control their negative emotions, act like themselves, show enthusiasm and concern for others, and are se

• Labor-saving devices in the home

2

2. Demand side

• Identifies occupations as women’s work  

• Ex. Nurse, secretary, cosmetologist, teacher

• Created a pull for women to enter labor market We also discuss several other topics like asu major quiz

3. Social Structure

• Improved birth control

• Increased life span

• Improved technology

• Easier to buy goods than to make them  

C. Micro Perspective to enter labor force

1. Early Chilhood experiences  

• Direct correlation to seeing mom work and the daughter working 2. Consider social roles and cost of domesticity

• Push vs. Pull

• More finances vs. importance of a parent at home raising the kids 3. Ability of husband to provide finances

• Falling into gender roles

• What’s the husband’s attitude towards his wife working?  D. How does work influence family?  

1. Absorption- how a job draws in an employee and family  2. Time and timing  Don't forget about the age old question of artemis uncg

• Amount of time spent at work  

• Flex schedule vs. rigid hours

• Long term commitments?  

3. Income brought in  

• Women average only 36% of family income

• Only 25% earn more than their husbands

4. Worldview  

• Ideas promoted at work influence behaviors at home  

• Ex. Police officer, teacher, therapist, nurse

• Social psychological influences at work can effect families too!  • “Bring home work with you”

3

3. CHAPTER 7: HOUSEWORK

A. Oakley’s Classic research on housewives (1960)

1. Tasks were monotonous, never ending, lonely

2. Long hours limit ability to engage in other activities  

3. Unpaid work in a money-based economy  

• Work is devalued

• Worker is devalued

• Appear to be unproductive

B. Today

1. Number of stay at home dads has almost doubled since 1989

2. Housework for men has increased since 1990

3. 92% of all adults thought it was very important to share household chores

FOUR IMPORTANT NUMBERS TO KNOW If you want to learn more check out bacterial genetics notes

$56,516—Median Household Income

80 cents—What a woman makes for every dollar a man makes

13.5%-- Overall Poverty Rate

$24,300 for a family of 4

4.

45-54 year olds make the most money

5.

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