PSYCHOLOGY 101 STUDY GUIDE TEST 2
PSYCHOLOGY 101 STUDY GUIDE TEST 2 PSYX 100S - 06
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PSYX 100S - 06
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Meaghan Raw on Thursday October 13, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PSYX 100S - 06 at University of Montana taught by Jacob Bloch in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 68 views. For similar materials see Intro to Psychology in Psychology And Social Behavior at University of Montana.
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Date Created: 10/13/16
PSYCHOLOGY STUDY GUIDE TEST 2: CHAPTER 4: Questions 1. What is the Absolute Threshold in psychophysical research? 2. What type of threshold would a tone deaf person, who can only hear a difference n musical tones that are very different? 3. What is farsightedness? 4. What theory best explains the perception of pitch? 5. How is the sense of taste similar to the sense of smell? 6. What theory would predict that the American flag would have a green, black, and yellow afterimage? 7. In a painting, train tracks may look as if they are going off into the distance because the artist draws the tracks as converging lines, a pictorial cue to depth which is called what? 8. The illusion of movement created by presenting visual stimuli in rapid succession is called? CHAPTER 5: Questions 1. What does an EEG primarily indicate? 2. What stages of slow wave sleep consist of and what stage dominates it? 3. What is associated with REM sleep, sleep apnea, somnambulism, night terrors, or nightmares? 4. The activationsynthesis theory of dreaming says what? 5. Stimulus is to depressant as cocaine is to what? 6. Which drug would likely result in an overdose, LSD, mescaline, marijuana, or sedatives? 7. What do amphetamines work to increase the levels of? 8. What do definitions have? CHAPTER 6: Questions 1. What does the phenomenon of higherorder conditioning show? 2. A primary reinforcer has what reinforcing properties? A secondary reinforcer has what reinforcing properties? 3. What schedule is the steady, rapid responding of a person playing a slot machine an example of? 4. Positive reinforcement increases or decreases the rate of responding and negative reinforcement increases or decreases thee rate of responding? 5. According to Resole, the strength of a conditioned response depends on what? 6. The second step in a selfmodification program is what? 7. When advertisers pair their products with likeable celebrities, pleasant music, and beautiful scenery, what are they attempting to make their products? Hint: Is it a stimuli or response? 8. What is taste aversion? CHAPTER 7: Questions 1. What is getting information into memory called? What is getting information out of memory called? 2. What is an organized cluster of knowledge about a particular object or event called? 3. What is the tip of the tongue phenomenon? 4. If the decay theory is correct then what? 5. Research suggests that the consolidation of memories depends on activity in what of the brain? 6. Where would your memory of how to ride a bicycle be contained? 7. What does overlearning mean? 8. What is the tendency to mold one’s interpretation of the past fit into how events actually turned out called? CHAPTER 4: Answers 1. The stimulus intensity that can be detected 50% of the time. 2. A just noticeable difference. 3. The focus of light on close objects falls behind the retina. 4. Both place theory and frequency theory. 5. The physical stimuli for both senses are chemical substances that are dissolved in fluid. 6. The opponent process theory. 7. Linear perspective is what would be the pictorial cue in the painting. 8. The phi phenomenon is the illusion of movement that is created. CHAPTER 5: Answers 1. Beta 2. 3 and 4; alpha 3. Nightmares 4. Dreams are simply the byproduct of bursts of activity in the brain 5. Alcohol 6. Sedatives 7. Norepinephrine and dopamine 8. They are usually constructed by experts or authorities in a specific field of study CHAPTER 6: Answers 1. An already established conditioned stimulus can be used in the place of a natural unconditioned stimulus. 2. Biological; acquired 3. Variableratio 4. Increases; increases 5. The percentage of trials in which the CS and US are paired 6. Gather baseline data 7. Conditioned stimuli 8. Taste aversion is the avoidance of a certain food or drink where even the smell may cause a jolt of revolt due to illness or too much consumption of that certain taste or smell. CHAPTER 7: Answers 1. Encoding; retrieval 2. Schema 3. It is a temporary inability to remember something you know, accompanied by a feeling that it is just out of reach and is clearly due to the failure of retrieval. 4. The principal cause of forgetting should be the passage of time. 5. Medial temporal lobe of the brain. 6. It would be contained in the nondeclarative/procedural memory of the brain. 7. Overlearning refers to the continued rehearsal of material after the point of apparent mastery and it promotes improved recall. 8. It is called the hindsight bias.
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