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ENVS 202 Quiz Study Guide 1

by: Eileen Lee

ENVS 202 Quiz Study Guide 1 ENVS 202

Eileen Lee
Western Washington University

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About this Document

These notes cover what's going to be in the first quiz.
Introduction to Environmental Studies and Sustainability
Grace Wang
Study Guide
Environmental Ethics, Environmental Studies, history, Science
50 ?




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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Eileen Lee on Thursday October 13, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to ENVS 202 at Western Washington University taught by Grace Wang in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Environmental Studies and Sustainability in Environmental Studies at Western Washington University.

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Date Created: 10/13/16
Environmental Studies Quiz 1 Guide Indicators of Sustainability  Health (ex. A longer lifespan)  Economy (ex. Convenience and affluence)  Population (ex. Steadily rising population)  Energy (ex. Reduced dependence on fossil fuels)  Sprawl (ex. Urban development)  Ecosystems (ex. Forests, wildlife)  Pollution (ex. Lower pollution emitted) The Wilderness Idea John Muir  Farmer, writer, activist  First president of the Sierra Club  Credited with creating the national parks  Preservationist Gifford Pinchot  Politician and forester  First Chief of the forest service  Conservationist Muir and Pinchot were close, but different ideas on nature caused a rift in their friendship Muir wanted to protect Pinchot wanted to utilize Hetch Hetchy Valley  After 1906 earthquake, San Francisco needed a reliable water source  Pinchot wanted to dam the river National Parks  55 major; government owned and protected National Forests  156; multiple use including mining, grazing, etc. Ecological Footprint  Developed in 1994 to measure the land/ocean required to support your consumption and waste  Average footprint is 23.47 hectare (1 hectare = 2.471 acres)  The U.S. footprint is 50% larger than most European countries Carbon Footprint ­ total set of greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) caused directly/indirectly by someone; a  subset of the ecological footprint Climate Change Climate depends the clothes in the closet, weather depends the clothes you wear that day Climate ­ meteorological conditions in a region Weather ­ state of the atmosphere at a time and place Individual disasters are not evidence of climate change Earth’s temperature has risen 1­1.5 degrees Fahrenheit over the past century Attributable to the release of GHG by humans Land and ocean have risen 1.33 degrees over the past century More than half of this occurred between 1979­present day GHG Effect  Natural occurrence caused by the presence of water vapor and traces the amount of GFG  Is the blanket that keeps us warm  Climate changes on radiation in atmosphere from solar energy  Can drive extreme weather (not cause)  Primary caused by the combustion of fossil fuels Primary GHG’s ­ carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, methane US emits ⅕ of the total GHG as 5% of the world’s population Sea levels have been rising; ½ world’s population live within 1.5 miles of a coastline 10% of glaciers have melted Driving species out of forests and mountains; extinction Brings about more diseases ­ toxic algae, cholera, paralytic shellfish (red tides) Athabasca Glacier, Canada ­ drastic reductions in glacier and reduced downstream water flows WA glaciers ­ about 70% of North American West’s ice and could melt away in 100 years Melting a lot in the winter, meaning low summer rivers ¼ snowpacks could be gone in 25% 96% scientists agree climate change exists Fast Fashions 20 billion garments per year in the U.S. Average person has 64 items of clothing and 7.5 pairs of shoes 97% clothing made abroad Average person discards 68 pounds of clothes; total 10 million tons Textile industry is the second largest water polluter Dyeing Historically, clothing was handmade and very expensive; less to go around High volume production and cheap labor make a lot of clothes now Tazreen Factory Fire ­ November 2012, killed 120 Rana Plaza Collapse ­ April 2013, killed 1000 Water  Humans are 55­60% water; blood is 83%  Flushing the toilet takes 18.5 gallons a day  Lack of clean water limits economic growth and widespreads health disorders Cuyahoga River was flammable Federal Water Pollution Control Act Amendments (aka Clean Water Act) ­ goal that all waters should be  fishable and swimmable by 1983 Less than 2% of all water is fresh and drinkable ⅓ lack sanitation facilities 80% illnesses in developing countries tied to poor water and sanitation conditions Developing countries use 1.3 gallons per person per day Paying for Water  U.S. pays $3.24 for 1000 gallons  Las Vegas pays $2.71 for 1000 gallons  CA farmers pay $0.06 for 1000 gallons  Nestle paid $524 for 36 million gallons of water  King Corn Movie Notes Corn is everywhere Spring ­ inject ammonia fertilizer which increases yield Plant 31,000 seeds in 18 minutes; seeds have GMO to resist herbicides Yields 10,000 pounds ½ goes to livestock ⅓ ethanol 490 pounds goes to high fructose corn syrup (HFCS) Corn Planted  1970: 66.9 million acres  2004: 80.9 million acres  2012: 96.4 million acres  2015: 88.9 million acres (notice decreasing) Americans consume 60 pounds of HFCS per year 66% consumed from soda Americans spend about $40 a week on food Cheap foods costs us our health 2007 ­ Curt and Ian went corn free Ex. Citric acid could be derived from corn


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