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EBIO 1210: Exam 2 Study Guide

by: Amy Campbell

EBIO 1210: Exam 2 Study Guide EBIO 1210

Marketplace > University of Colorado at Boulder > Biology > EBIO 1210 > EBIO 1210 Exam 2 Study Guide
Amy Campbell


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About this Document

Study guide for our 2nd midterm going over Photosynthesis, Respiration, Connections and Comparisons.
General Biology 1
William Adams, Scott Taylor, Derek Sweeney
Study Guide
Biology, Photosynthesis, Respiration, Biofules, respiraiton
50 ?




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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Amy Campbell on Thursday October 13, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to EBIO 1210 at University of Colorado at Boulder taught by William Adams, Scott Taylor, Derek Sweeney in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 254 views. For similar materials see General Biology 1 in Biology at University of Colorado at Boulder.


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Date Created: 10/13/16
EBIO 1210: Exam 2 Study Guide    Key Terms  Pro­Karyote  Alpha glucose  Mitochondria  Eu­karyote  Bete glucose  Uncoupling protein  Mitochondria  Cellulose   Brown fat cells  Chloroplasts  Photosynthesis  Endotherm  Double membrane  Calvin Cycle  Exotherm  Vacuole   Citric acid cycle  Hemoglobin  Photosynthesis  Glycolysis  Cytosol  Endocytosis  Electron transport chain  Lactic acid fermentation  Exocytosis  NADH  Alcohol fermentation  Cell wall  NADPH  Ozone layer  Endosymbiont theory  Granum  Biofuels  Hexose  Thylakoid  Cellulosic ethanol  Monosaccaride  Inner thylakoid membrane  C3 plant  Disaccaride   Light reaction  C4 plant  Polysaccharide  Carbon fixation  Glycemic index  Anabolism  Stroma  Glycemic load  Catabolism  Aerobic cellular respiration  Glycation  Metabolism  Metabolism  Glycogen  Fermentation  Fat        ● Know the importance of microbes  ● Know what all living cells share (4 things)  ● Know the differences of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells  ● Identify unique plant cell features, and the differences between plant and animal cells  ● Know the flow of CO2 to sugars and back between producers and consumers  ● Know the floor of Energy between producers and consumers  ● give examples of Mono­, di­, and polysaccharides   ● Relate High fructose corn syrup to human sugar transporters and fructose malabsorption   ● Know the structures of amylose and amylopectin and the speed of digestion  ● Know the mobilization of glycogen and fat, and their uses   ● Name 3 photosynthetic autotrophs  ● Place photosynthesis into the context of energy flow between producers and consumers  ● Know the inputs and outputs of photosynthesis  ● Know the Citric acid cycle, calvin cycle, and electron transport chain  ● Know the source of oxygen produced in photosynthesis  ● Know the energy rich states in photosynthesis  ● Remember membrane Structure and function   ● Know the anatomy of a chloroplast  ● Know the two reactions associated with photosynthesis and where they occur  ● Know the pathways of aerobic cellular respiration and where they occur  ● Place cellular respiration into to context of energy and carbon flow between producers and  consumers; identify the overall inputs and outputs of cellular respiration.  ● Predict changes to the binding capacity of hemoglobin for O2 and CO2  ● Identify the overall inputs and outputs of (aerobic) cellular respiration  ● Identify the terminal electron acceptor of the mitochondrial electron transport chain and its  essential role in energy metabolism  ● Understand fermentation/anaerobic cellular respiration   ● Relate fast­twitch and slow­twitch muscle fibers to aerobic and aerobic respiration  ● Know the equations for both Photosynthesis and Respiration  ● Identify the role of photosynthesis as a CO2 “sink”  ● Know the role of photosynthesis as a producer of food, fuels, and materials  ● Compare and Contrast sucrose, starch, and cellulose as bases for biofuels  ● Know the estimates reduction of greenhouse gas emissions if petroleum oil was replaced by  ethanol from corn starch, sucrose, and plant cellulose  ● Relate ethanol from corn starch, sucrose, and cellulosic ethanol to biofuels and the advantages  and disadvantages of both      ❖ Why is sugar used as an energy source instead of ATP ❖ What are the three domains of life?  ❖ Mitochondria are found in what organisms?  ❖ Which organisms use mitochondria to produce oxygen?  ❖ Compare and contrast C3 and C4 plants, and their advantages  ❖ Explain why mitochondria generates heat and how the uncoupling protein enhances heat  generation  ❖ Which macromolecules can be used as fuels in cellular respiration?  ❖ What is the life supporting function of oxygen?  ❖ What are the 1st and 2nd laws of thermodynamics?  ❖ Do plants respire? Why?  ❖ What about Microbes?  ❖ Describe the relationship between photosynthesis and respiration   ❖ How does the movement of protons through the ATP synthase occur? Active, Passive, or  through diffusion?  ❖ how does the movement of protons from the mitochondrial matrix to the inter membrane space  occurs? Active, passive, or through diffusion?  ❖ What do we get from the fixation of all of the atmospheric CO2?  ❖ What reactions occur in the cytosol?  ❖ Where is ATP synthase located in plants  ❖ Where does the CO2 released in cellular respiration come from?        Photosynthesis  Respiration  Carbon source  CO2  Food Molecules w/ C­H Bonds  Carbon Product  Sugar (C­H bonds)  CO2  H (electron + H+)  Water  C­H Bonds  Ultimate energy source  Sunlight  C­H Bonds  Final energy­rich product  Sugar (C­H bonds)  ATP       Ethanol from Sucrose  Cellulosic Ethanol   Ethanol from Corn  Starch  Reduction of  ­22%  ­56%  ­91%  greenhouse gas emissions  Description  major storage  major carbohydrate in  makes up the tightly  carbohydrate in corn  sugar cane & sugar beat;  packed fiber structure  grains or potato  only 1 step to split sucrose  of plant cell walls.  tubers  into hexoses (for  Only some microbes  conversion to ethanol)  have enzymes to  break bond in  cellulose  Advantages  Starch is easy to  Sucrose is easy to convert  None discussed.   convert to hexoses  to hexoses  Seven harvests of cane  before replanting  Cane waste is burned for  power and heat   


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