EBIO 1210: Exam 2 Study Guide
EBIO 1210: Exam 2 Study Guide EBIO 1210
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Amy Campbell on Thursday October 13, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to EBIO 1210 at University of Colorado at Boulder taught by William Adams, Scott Taylor, Derek Sweeney in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 254 views. For similar materials see General Biology 1 in Biology at University of Colorado at Boulder.
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Date Created: 10/13/16
EBIO 1210: Exam 2 Study Guide Key Terms ProKaryote Alpha glucose Mitochondria Eukaryote Bete glucose Uncoupling protein Mitochondria Cellulose Brown fat cells Chloroplasts Photosynthesis Endotherm Double membrane Calvin Cycle Exotherm Vacuole Citric acid cycle Hemoglobin Photosynthesis Glycolysis Cytosol Endocytosis Electron transport chain Lactic acid fermentation Exocytosis NADH Alcohol fermentation Cell wall NADPH Ozone layer Endosymbiont theory Granum Biofuels Hexose Thylakoid Cellulosic ethanol Monosaccaride Inner thylakoid membrane C3 plant Disaccaride Light reaction C4 plant Polysaccharide Carbon fixation Glycemic index Anabolism Stroma Glycemic load Catabolism Aerobic cellular respiration Glycation Metabolism Metabolism Glycogen Fermentation Fat ● Know the importance of microbes ● Know what all living cells share (4 things) ● Know the differences of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells ● Identify unique plant cell features, and the differences between plant and animal cells ● Know the flow of CO2 to sugars and back between producers and consumers ● Know the floor of Energy between producers and consumers ● give examples of Mono, di, and polysaccharides ● Relate High fructose corn syrup to human sugar transporters and fructose malabsorption ● Know the structures of amylose and amylopectin and the speed of digestion ● Know the mobilization of glycogen and fat, and their uses ● Name 3 photosynthetic autotrophs ● Place photosynthesis into the context of energy flow between producers and consumers ● Know the inputs and outputs of photosynthesis ● Know the Citric acid cycle, calvin cycle, and electron transport chain ● Know the source of oxygen produced in photosynthesis ● Know the energy rich states in photosynthesis ● Remember membrane Structure and function ● Know the anatomy of a chloroplast ● Know the two reactions associated with photosynthesis and where they occur ● Know the pathways of aerobic cellular respiration and where they occur ● Place cellular respiration into to context of energy and carbon flow between producers and consumers; identify the overall inputs and outputs of cellular respiration. ● Predict changes to the binding capacity of hemoglobin for O2 and CO2 ● Identify the overall inputs and outputs of (aerobic) cellular respiration ● Identify the terminal electron acceptor of the mitochondrial electron transport chain and its essential role in energy metabolism ● Understand fermentation/anaerobic cellular respiration ● Relate fasttwitch and slowtwitch muscle fibers to aerobic and aerobic respiration ● Know the equations for both Photosynthesis and Respiration ● Identify the role of photosynthesis as a CO2 “sink” ● Know the role of photosynthesis as a producer of food, fuels, and materials ● Compare and Contrast sucrose, starch, and cellulose as bases for biofuels ● Know the estimates reduction of greenhouse gas emissions if petroleum oil was replaced by ethanol from corn starch, sucrose, and plant cellulose ● Relate ethanol from corn starch, sucrose, and cellulosic ethanol to biofuels and the advantages and disadvantages of both ❖ Why is sugar used as an energy source instead of ATP ❖ What are the three domains of life? ❖ Mitochondria are found in what organisms? ❖ Which organisms use mitochondria to produce oxygen? ❖ Compare and contrast C3 and C4 plants, and their advantages ❖ Explain why mitochondria generates heat and how the uncoupling protein enhances heat generation ❖ Which macromolecules can be used as fuels in cellular respiration? ❖ What is the life supporting function of oxygen? ❖ What are the 1st and 2nd laws of thermodynamics? ❖ Do plants respire? Why? ❖ What about Microbes? ❖ Describe the relationship between photosynthesis and respiration ❖ How does the movement of protons through the ATP synthase occur? Active, Passive, or through diffusion? ❖ how does the movement of protons from the mitochondrial matrix to the inter membrane space occurs? Active, passive, or through diffusion? ❖ What do we get from the fixation of all of the atmospheric CO2? ❖ What reactions occur in the cytosol? ❖ Where is ATP synthase located in plants ❖ Where does the CO2 released in cellular respiration come from? Photosynthesis Respiration Carbon source CO2 Food Molecules w/ CH Bonds Carbon Product Sugar (CH bonds) CO2 H (electron + H+) Water CH Bonds Ultimate energy source Sunlight CH Bonds Final energyrich product Sugar (CH bonds) ATP Ethanol from Sucrose Cellulosic Ethanol Ethanol from Corn Starch Reduction of 22% 56% 91% greenhouse gas emissions Description major storage major carbohydrate in makes up the tightly carbohydrate in corn sugar cane & sugar beat; packed fiber structure grains or potato only 1 step to split sucrose of plant cell walls. tubers into hexoses (for Only some microbes conversion to ethanol) have enzymes to break bond in cellulose Advantages Starch is easy to Sucrose is easy to convert None discussed. convert to hexoses to hexoses Seven harvests of cane before replanting Cane waste is burned for power and heat
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