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Ethics Short Answer Midterm

by: Alexa Jenkins

Ethics Short Answer Midterm PA 330

Marketplace > University of Arizona > SBS > PA 330 > Ethics Short Answer Midterm
Alexa Jenkins
GPA 3.5

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About this Document

This is a review of the questions for the short answer portion of the midterm
Ethics for the Public Administrator
Stephanie Celaya-Serventi
Study Guide
50 ?




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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Alexa Jenkins on Friday October 14, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PA 330 at University of Arizona taught by Stephanie Celaya-Serventi in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 52 views. For similar materials see Ethics for the Public Administrator in SBS at University of Arizona.


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Date Created: 10/14/16
PA 330 Ethics Midterm Study guide- Short Answers 1. Ethical EgoismArguments a. Its unacceptably arbitrary i. Separates people into us versus them but cannot explainany differences in the groups of people or who are more important b. Logicallyinconsistent i. If its eachperson’s duty to do what is in their best interest ii. What ifit’s in their bestinterest to murder someone? c. Cannot handle conflicts ofinterest i. We need moral rules because our interests sometimes conflict ii. If there weren’t we wouldn’t need morality 2. Cultural Relativism a. Would have to regard social practices like the Chinesegovernment policies of oppression againstfree speechas immune from criticism b. We could decide whether our actions are right or wrong by consulting the standards of our society c. What about the idea of moral progress? i. We would not be ableto have moral reform 3. Kidder RightVs.Right a. First Utilitarianismis the doctrine that anaction is right insofar as itpromotes happiness,and that the greatesthappiness of the greatestnumber should be the guiding principle of conduct. b. Kidder’s dilemma of Ends-basedthinking most relates to utilitarianism c. For example, choosing to savethe 10 people in a house on fire as opposed to 1 person inan apartment on fire. The greatestgood for the most people would be to savethe house full of people. 4. The Categorical Imperative a. Originatedby Kant b. Defined as a way of evaluating motivations for action 5. Punishment a. Kantian- Retributivism “paying back” b. Utilitarianism-is the punishment serving a good purpose to benefit society 6. John Rawls a. His alternative proposition: The pursuit of a greater social goodshould not make us mar the lives of individuals by abridging their basic rights and entitlements i. iesocial class raceandsex 7. Virtue a. Virtue ethics is currently one of three major approaches in normative ethics.It may, initially,be identified as the one that emphasizes the virtues, or moral character, in contrast to the approach which emphasizes duties or rules (deontology) or that which emphasizes the consequences of actions (consequentialism). b. Modern societyand benefits 8. Intuitive ethics a. ethical intuitionism is the thesis that our awareness of value,or intuitive knowledge of evaluativefacts,forms the foundation of our ethical knowledge. b. Criticism:existenceof objective moral values and disagreement


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