PSY Exam 2 Study Guide
PSY Exam 2 Study Guide PSY 151
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by merlec16 on Friday October 14, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PSY 151 at Wake Forest University taught by Ashley L. Heffner in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 34 views.
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Date Created: 10/14/16
PSY Exam #2 Study Guide Learning Objectives *Exam will be 50 to 60 Multiple Choice Questions* Memory (10 to 13 questions) What is Memory and the processes involved? What are three types of memory? o Sensory, Short Term/working memory, Long term o Capacity and Storage of each What are the types of LTM? What are different types of Elaboration? What are different techniques we can use to encode information semantically? o Think list on slides o Also consider: Serial Position Effect, Context and State Dependent learning Describe the mechanisms that cause forgetting, including decay and retroactive and proactive interference. Describe retrograde and anterograde amnesia, and explain where memories might be stored in the brain. o Understand how Clive and HMs case tell us information about the brain and memory. What are some deficits they each have? Sleep (~10 questions) Define biological rhythms and discuss how they are controlled. Describe the various stages and characteristics of sleep. Know changes in EEG based on sleep cycle Discuss the function and adaptive significance of sleep. Discuss the function of REM sleep and theories of dreaming. Describe the various sleep disorders. Describe how various nap lengths can influence your thinking and how you feel How does caffeine and other environmental agents influence sleep Sensation and Perception (~3 to 5 questions) Top down vs. Bottom up processing Transduction of light Role of visual cortex/occipital lobe What is the pathway of light through the eye? How is culture related to perception? What are examples of how culture influences our perception? Moon illusion? Possible causes? Drugs (~3 to 5 questions) What is Addiction? What are the three components to it? What age group uses the most Marijuana? Alcohol? Cocaine? (See Figure 6.12) Understand how each class of drug interacts with neurotransmitters and impacts behavior: Narcotics, Depressants, Stimulants, Psychedelics Understand how the following drugs interact with Neurotransmitters and corresponding changes in behavior: Cocaine, Nicotine, Alcohol, Marijuana, Heroin (see Mouse Party Link) Which drugs have the highest and lowest levels of dependency? Neurons and Neurotransmitters (8 to 10 questions) Know Anatomy of Neuron Know how Resting and Action potentials work o Electrical charges; Depolarization; hyperpolarization; (effects of excitatory or inhibitory messages) Properties of certain neurotransmitters o Serotonin; Dopamine; GABA; Glutamate; Acetylcholine; Norepinephrine Are these typically excitatory or inhibitory? Are they associated with certain medical conditions? How so? Understand neurotransmitter communication between neurons o Know parts of presynaptic and postsynaptic neurons and synaptic cleft Brain Structures (12 to 15 questions) What are the three major structures areas of the brain? (forebrain, hindbrain, midbrain) What are structures in each of these three areas? Roles and functions? What are some basic functions associated with various brain structures? Know differences between thalamus, hypothalamus, hippocampus, amygdala and their functions. What part of the brain do these structures belong to (hindbrain, midbrain, forebrain, limbic system?) What are more specific parts of these structures, especially in the forebrain? Function of different cerebral cortex lobes; Labeling of cortex lobes (frontal, parietal, occipital, temporal). Where in the brain are the: Somatosensory Cortex; Motor Cortex? Broca’s Area? Wernicke’s area? Hemispheric specialization What are some examples of using patients with brain damage to better understand the brain? Joe – Split Brain Patient Cameron Phineas Gage
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