Exam Guide: STIs
Exam Guide: STIs Psychology 300
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Elizabeth Brondsema on Friday October 14, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Psychology 300 at Coastal Carolina University taught by A Terranova in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Human Sexual Behavior in Psychology at Coastal Carolina University.
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Date Created: 10/14/16
Exam Guide: STIs Sexually Transmitted Infections Background: originated with the Greeks, Romans, and Egyptians Gonorrhea is thought to be the first STI punishment conceptualization: it is thought that STIs are punishment for sexually deviant behaviors some say STIs come from sex with animals used to be called venereal diseases: contracted and transmitted by sexual contact changed to STIs to be more inclusive Who is at the greatest risk? young adults Know what behaviors are high risk Ectoparasitic Infections Pubic Lice (pediculosis pubis aka crabs) mild to sever itching due to allergy to saliva easy diagnosis transmitted through skin to skin contact can be treated with medications Scabies rash and intense itching after about 46 weeks diagnosed through a skin scraping transmitted through skin to skin contact treated through skin to skin contact Bacterial Infections Gonorrhea infects mucousy areas nonsexual transmission unlikely can transmit to eyes through touch expectant mothers can transmit to baby during delivery Symptoms in women: invades cervix pelvic inflammatory disease scarring of fallopian tubes (can cause infertility) Symptoms in men: painful urination thick, puslike white/yellow discharge from penis Diagnosis and Treatment culture and molecular tests treated with antibiotics Chlamydia symptoms emerge in 13 weeks irritation and burning urethra (milder than gonorrhea) clear, thin discharge pelvic inflammatory disease can be passed to babies during delivery Diagnosis and Treatment culture and urine tests antibiotics Syphilis Four Stages: Primary, Secondary, Latent, Tertiary Know what happens in each of these stages Transmission Condylomata Lata: large sores that ooze highly infectious fluid Treated with antibiotics Congenital Syphilis: in pregnant women (can be passed to baby in utero) Viral STIs Herpes Herpes Simplex I: mouth usually Herpes Simplex II: genitals usually Stages: Prodromal, Vesicle, Crusting Over know what happens in each Transmission: skin to skin contact shared eating or drinking autoinoculation asymptomatic virus shedders can be transmitted in utero or during delivery No cure; ointments and antiviral drugs can reduce outbreaks Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Subclinical Infections: most common and without noticeable symptoms Clinical Infections reddish plaques nongenital warts genital warts foulsmelling discharge cervical dysplasia cancer possible transmitted through skin to skin contact diagnosed through pap smears, visual inspection, or DNA Tests treated with laser surgery, liquid nitrogen, vaccinations Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) uses your immune system against you several different types superinfection: contracting multiple types at once Stages: Primary, Asymptomatic, Symptomatic know symptoms for each stage no cure, but can be treated transmitted through sexual activities, IV drug use, in utero, childbirth/breastfeeding diagnosed through home tests, enzyme tests, or fingerprick blood tests Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) this is what you get when HIV becomes deadly increased susceptibility to opportunistic diseases
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