Bio 1201 Study Guide
Bio 1201 Study Guide BIO 1201
Popular in Biology In Society I
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This 1 page Study Guide was uploaded by Madalyn Notetaker on Friday October 14, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to BIO 1201 at Appalachian State University taught by James Barbee in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Biology In Society I in Biology at Appalachian State University.
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Date Created: 10/14/16
- 1. Life is organized: hierarchy in structure of life - everything is made up of atoms - 2. Life requires outside source of materials and energy - 3. life maintains controlled internal environment = homeostasis - 4. life reproduces and develops - 5. life evolves / adapts - water is great solvent - adhesion (sticks to other materials) - cohesion (stick to each other) - resistant to temperature change - expands when freezes - bc of hydrogen bonds - prokaryotes came before eukaryotes - age of Earth- 4.6 BYA - Endosymbiosis - mitochondria and chloroplasts - evidence- have own separate set of DNA / same size of bacteria cell - Basic Ingredients of Life = energy + carbon dioxide, hydrogen, water, methane, ammonia - evidence - Miller-urey experiment - parts of cell membrane - phospholipids, proteins, cholesterol - DNA - phosphate-sugar backbone - Guanine-Cytosine, Adenine-Thymine - Eukaryotic Cells: - nucleus = DNA - Rough ER - ribosomes - proteins being created - travel through smooth ER - making lipids - Golgi Apparatus - processing center, sent out “shipped out” - Chloroplast - site of photosynthesis - mitochondria - powerhouse of the cell - where cells break down food for energy - ATP - Poultry / livestock not housed in good conditions - Alexander Fleming- came up with penicillin on accident - penicillin came from fungi - antibiotics target bacterial cell walls - bacteria can change the proteins that they make in response to antibiotics - eventually over replications there is bound to be a proteins made that is resistant to the antibiotic - Gene Expression - nano medicine - nanon means really tiny - gene therapy - way of storing or helping people deal with genetic diseases - Channel / Transport Proteins
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