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JOUR 301, Atkins, Test 2 Study Guide

by: Samantha W.

JOUR 301, Atkins, Test 2 Study Guide Jour 301

Marketplace > University of Mississippi > Jour 301 > JOUR 301 Atkins Test 2 Study Guide
Samantha W.
GPA 3.84

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About this Document

This bundle is for the test on Monday, Oct 17
History of Mass Media
Study Guide
journalism, test, history, Media
50 ?




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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Samantha W. on Friday October 14, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Jour 301 at University of Mississippi taught by ATKINS, JOSEPH B in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views.

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Date Created: 10/14/16
Jour 301, Test 2 Study Guide  JACKSONIAN ERA  Know the name and newspaper:  o Benjamin Day – New York Sun o James Gordon Bennet – New York Herald o Horace Greeley – New York Tribune o Henry Raymond – New York Times o William Cullen Bryant – New York Evening Post   Day – (American Media 86­88, Muckraking 306) penny papers, the first police reporter  worked for him (American Media 87), reporter followed 1841 sex murder of Mary  Cecilia Rogert  Bennet – (American Media 88­95, Muckraking 307) attacked organized religion, created  religion beat, business page, sports page, crime page, investigative reporting and  interviewing on murder of prostitute Helen Jewett (in Muckraking), pony express,  Associated Press appears on scene (American Media 92), Great Moral War (American  Media 92­95)  Greeley – (American Media 95­101) known today by mutton chops, eccentricities, anti­ war pacifist, had many interest areas like pro­labor and anti­slavery, monumental war  coverage and coverage on Polk and Andrew Jackson  Raymond – (American Media 104­105) focused on being a paper of record and  expanding to foreign news coverage, developed literary and book reviews, wanted an  honest newspaper  Bryant – (American Media 96­97) hired by Alexander Hamilton’s editors  Mexican War of 1846 (American Media 101­104) development of the telegraph in 1844  by Samuel Morse helped get information around, thoughts of Manifest Destiny  Divided Nation, Divided Media (American Media 113 Chapter 5)  Abolitionists o Garrison (Muckraking 173) The Liberator, Turner’s Rebellion, ended paper when  slavery was abolished because his mission was complete o Lovejoy (Muckraking 175) The Observer, eventually murdered for his beliefs o Stowe (American Media 118­119) wrote Uncle Tom’s Cabin, exposed myths of  good slave owners o Douglass (Muckraking 177) The North Star  The Fredrick Douglass Paper o Birney and Tappen (American Media 117­118) o Swisshelm (American Media 126­127) women’s rights and anti­slavery advocate,  first woman in Senate press gallery  Fire­eaters o Rhett, Robert, Yancey o Ruffin – fired first and last shot of the Civil War  Copperheads o Wood – New York Daily News o Storey – Chicago Times  Rise of AP (North) and PA (South)  Remember the battles in the Civil War  Censorship (American Media 133­134) General Sherman thought so many journalists on  the field caused interfering and disruption in battle  Smalley (Muckraking 269) reporting on the Battle of Antietam, detailed and definitive  account of the battle, becomes a famous war correspondent  Lincoln’s assassination, Copperheads were blamed due to how much criticism they put  on the president  Thomas Nast – famous artist of political drawings that were featured in Harper’s  Magazine  Matthew Brady – first photojournalist, took many war photos but the actual photo due to  lack of technology could not be featured in the newspapers, they had to be drawn out  Press became big business, inverted pyramid, hard news   Reconstruction after war: 1865­77 African American upward mobility, 1877 rise of Jim  Crow Era and white supremacy   YELLOW JOURNALISM ERA  Yellow Journalism (American Media 145, chapter 6)  Pulitzer (New York World) and Hearst (New York Evening Journal) wage battle against  each other  Richard Outcault – Pulitzer’s cartoonist of the yellow kid, until Hearst stole him  More artists and cartoonists: Nast, George Luks  Bly – worked for Pulitzer then Hearst as a “sob sister” and stunt journalist   Nast helped to expose Tweed Ring (American Media 146 ­148)  Hearst wins sensationalism battle against Pulitzer o Helps to cause the Spanish­American war (American Media 162­166)  America saw Manifest Destiny again  Hearst sent Fredrick Remington to illustrate and Richard Harding Davis as a correspondent, Hearst went himself to cover war  Pulitzer sent Stephen Crane as a coorespondent  McKinley’s assassination, Hearst was blamed for this because of how much criticism was put on the president  END OF YELLOW JOURNALISM  Abbot and Sengstacke – Chicago Defender (American Media 168­169) a paper for  African Americans   Ochs takes over the Times when Raymond dies and keeps same motto, built it back up  and revitalized it when it was falling apart  MUCKRAKING ERA  Magazines of the time important to respond to robber barons:  o McClure’s  o Cosmopolitan o Munsey’s/Argosy  Muckrakers: o Riis – (Muckraking 1) precursor to muckrakers, “How the Other Half Lives” to  show bad treatment of immigrants, most important photojournalist since Brady o Bly – (Muckraking 142) show bad treatment of insane asylum patients o Wells – (Muckraking 179) attacked lynching’s in Jim Crow South o Shephard – (Muckraking 29) Triangle Shirtwaste Fire, locked doors in  companies/factories o Tarbell – (Muckraking 151, American Media 180­182) John D. Rockefeller and  the Standard Oil Company o Steffens – (Muckraking 146, American Media 182­184) attacked political  machines controlling whole cities o Phillips – (American Media 184­186) looked at Senate and found they were all  bought and paid for, tried to get the corrupt ones out of control o Sinclair – (American Media 186­187, 188­189 profile) “The Jungle”, attacked  how immigrants faced bad conditions and meat packing practices o Markham – (Muckraking 4) Child labor   END OF MUCKRAKING ERA because people grew tired of the investigative reporting  Next: WWI  Some industrialists like Rockefeller began public relations field to get their reputations  back up 


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