JOUR 301, Atkins, Test 2 Study Guide
JOUR 301, Atkins, Test 2 Study Guide Jour 301
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Samantha W. on Friday October 14, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Jour 301 at University of Mississippi taught by ATKINS, JOSEPH B in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views.
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Date Created: 10/14/16
Jour 301, Test 2 Study Guide JACKSONIAN ERA Know the name and newspaper: o Benjamin Day – New York Sun o James Gordon Bennet – New York Herald o Horace Greeley – New York Tribune o Henry Raymond – New York Times o William Cullen Bryant – New York Evening Post Day – (American Media 8688, Muckraking 306) penny papers, the first police reporter worked for him (American Media 87), reporter followed 1841 sex murder of Mary Cecilia Rogert Bennet – (American Media 8895, Muckraking 307) attacked organized religion, created religion beat, business page, sports page, crime page, investigative reporting and interviewing on murder of prostitute Helen Jewett (in Muckraking), pony express, Associated Press appears on scene (American Media 92), Great Moral War (American Media 9295) Greeley – (American Media 95101) known today by mutton chops, eccentricities, anti war pacifist, had many interest areas like prolabor and antislavery, monumental war coverage and coverage on Polk and Andrew Jackson Raymond – (American Media 104105) focused on being a paper of record and expanding to foreign news coverage, developed literary and book reviews, wanted an honest newspaper Bryant – (American Media 9697) hired by Alexander Hamilton’s editors Mexican War of 1846 (American Media 101104) development of the telegraph in 1844 by Samuel Morse helped get information around, thoughts of Manifest Destiny Divided Nation, Divided Media (American Media 113 Chapter 5) Abolitionists o Garrison (Muckraking 173) The Liberator, Turner’s Rebellion, ended paper when slavery was abolished because his mission was complete o Lovejoy (Muckraking 175) The Observer, eventually murdered for his beliefs o Stowe (American Media 118119) wrote Uncle Tom’s Cabin, exposed myths of good slave owners o Douglass (Muckraking 177) The North Star The Fredrick Douglass Paper o Birney and Tappen (American Media 117118) o Swisshelm (American Media 126127) women’s rights and antislavery advocate, first woman in Senate press gallery Fireeaters o Rhett, Robert, Yancey o Ruffin – fired first and last shot of the Civil War Copperheads o Wood – New York Daily News o Storey – Chicago Times Rise of AP (North) and PA (South) Remember the battles in the Civil War Censorship (American Media 133134) General Sherman thought so many journalists on the field caused interfering and disruption in battle Smalley (Muckraking 269) reporting on the Battle of Antietam, detailed and definitive account of the battle, becomes a famous war correspondent Lincoln’s assassination, Copperheads were blamed due to how much criticism they put on the president Thomas Nast – famous artist of political drawings that were featured in Harper’s Magazine Matthew Brady – first photojournalist, took many war photos but the actual photo due to lack of technology could not be featured in the newspapers, they had to be drawn out Press became big business, inverted pyramid, hard news Reconstruction after war: 186577 African American upward mobility, 1877 rise of Jim Crow Era and white supremacy YELLOW JOURNALISM ERA Yellow Journalism (American Media 145, chapter 6) Pulitzer (New York World) and Hearst (New York Evening Journal) wage battle against each other Richard Outcault – Pulitzer’s cartoonist of the yellow kid, until Hearst stole him More artists and cartoonists: Nast, George Luks Bly – worked for Pulitzer then Hearst as a “sob sister” and stunt journalist Nast helped to expose Tweed Ring (American Media 146 148) Hearst wins sensationalism battle against Pulitzer o Helps to cause the SpanishAmerican war (American Media 162166) America saw Manifest Destiny again Hearst sent Fredrick Remington to illustrate and Richard Harding Davis as a correspondent, Hearst went himself to cover war Pulitzer sent Stephen Crane as a coorespondent McKinley’s assassination, Hearst was blamed for this because of how much criticism was put on the president END OF YELLOW JOURNALISM Abbot and Sengstacke – Chicago Defender (American Media 168169) a paper for African Americans Ochs takes over the Times when Raymond dies and keeps same motto, built it back up and revitalized it when it was falling apart MUCKRAKING ERA Magazines of the time important to respond to robber barons: o McClure’s o Cosmopolitan o Munsey’s/Argosy Muckrakers: o Riis – (Muckraking 1) precursor to muckrakers, “How the Other Half Lives” to show bad treatment of immigrants, most important photojournalist since Brady o Bly – (Muckraking 142) show bad treatment of insane asylum patients o Wells – (Muckraking 179) attacked lynching’s in Jim Crow South o Shephard – (Muckraking 29) Triangle Shirtwaste Fire, locked doors in companies/factories o Tarbell – (Muckraking 151, American Media 180182) John D. Rockefeller and the Standard Oil Company o Steffens – (Muckraking 146, American Media 182184) attacked political machines controlling whole cities o Phillips – (American Media 184186) looked at Senate and found they were all bought and paid for, tried to get the corrupt ones out of control o Sinclair – (American Media 186187, 188189 profile) “The Jungle”, attacked how immigrants faced bad conditions and meat packing practices o Markham – (Muckraking 4) Child labor END OF MUCKRAKING ERA because people grew tired of the investigative reporting Next: WWI Some industrialists like Rockefeller began public relations field to get their reputations back up
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