Intro to Social Work Test 2 Study Guide
Intro to Social Work Test 2 Study Guide SOCW 3301.001
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This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Amanda Lorain on Saturday October 15, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to SOCW 3301.001 at Texas A&M University - Corpus Christi taught by Claudia Pichardo in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Intro to Social Work in Social Work at Texas A&M University - Corpus Christi.
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Date Created: 10/15/16
Test 2: Chapters 10, 11, 4 and speaker notes Chapter 10: The Needs of Families and Children Key Terms: Family- A parent figure or figures and at least one child, bonded through marriage, adoption, kinship or mutual agreement. Family Violence: an act carried out by one family member against another with the intent of harm Permanency Planning-the idea that it is bst to keep a child with his or her family or a permanent nurturing home Family Preservation- Services provided to keep a family together Best Interest of Child- Which path will help the child the most Least Detrimental Alternative- What will have the least negative outcomes Substitute Care-when children need to be removed from their homes due to parents unable to care or if children are in imminent danger Children with Special Needs-Children of color, who are older, with physical or cognitive disabilities, or members of sibling groups Social Justice- advocates want all members of society, regardless of background or status to have basic human rights and equal opportunities to access the benefits of society Discrimination-involves actions toward individuals and groups because of prejuidicial beleifs Majority-dominant group that has higher rights and privileges Economic Justice- relates to fair allocation of resources Social Injustice and Social Inequality-the products of prejudice and discrimination Minority-group that has a subordinate status and often singled out for differential or unequal treatment by dominant group Cultural Competence-The ability to apply knowledge and skills to social work practice with diverse groups. This includes specific knowledge about individual cultures, valuing of and sensitivity to cultural differences, awareness of the patterns of oppression experienced by those cultures, and the skills to utilize culturally appropriate interventions *Families can be extremely diverse. A household may contain 3+ generations and many different cultures. Can have same sex couples, grandparents raising children, step families, foster/adoptive parents or single parents. *family forms today have changed from the past due to divorce, both parents working, Women’s Rights, Gay Rights Movement, and people needing 2 incomes to survive. Barriers that affect diverse family homes single parent homes: - income -inconsistent Discipline -Child freedom - boys take on absent parent role -poverty/financial stress -child takes responsibility Gay and Lesbian Parenting: No difference in children raised in heterosexual vs. homosexual homes -Children may get bullied -Parents may face discrimination from other parents Step-Families: Children may have confusion and deal with conflict -child gets used as a tool to hurt the other parent -trust issues -jealousy -sibling rivalry gets magnified -Issue of who gets to discipline -Parents are adjusting and may not give kids the attention they need -rules of one house are inconsistent with the other parent’s house Grandparent-headed Families: -older parent may not be able to keep up with young children -financial stress -generational issues Foster and Adoptive: -Emotionally stressful - jealousy is magnified, sibling rivalry is magnified -discipline is difficult -rebelling against foster parents -culture differences -When to tell children they are adopted? Healthy Families: -express ideas and feelings -no family secrets -valuing of everyone’s opinions and feelings -opportunity for growth and change -positive energy -rules are flexible consistent Family Problems depend on several factors -Cultural attitudes and cultural context -community norms and values -attitudes and values of person defining the problem -legal definitions -availability of resources Problems that effect children -Substance Abuse and it’s roles Enabler or codependent- This is the person that is not using drugs and tries to get the person to stop the substance abuse. They have difficulty separating from the abuser. Hero Role-The child that tries to do the best they can so the parent will stop abusing substance Scapegoat-gets in trouble so the spotlight will be on them and not the abuser Lost Child-Never home or away from the family Mascot- The clown or jokester to try to take attention away from the abuser 4 Phases of Coping -Reactive Phase (Denial) -Active Phase (Break through denial and realization that help is needed) -Disequilibrium phase (exhausted all resources and ultimatums may happen) -Family Unity Phase (family is now sober and unified) Family Violence: Types 1. Intimate Partner Violence (domestic Violence) -verbal abuse -nonverbal abuse -sexual abuse -cyber stalking/stalking -economic /financial abuse -spiritual abuse -crazy making -suicidal/homicidal threats 2. Child Maltreatment -Physical Abuse -Sexual Abuse -Neglect -Psychological Abuse Factors associated with abusive families: -Financial Issues/unemployment/poverty -unrealistic parental expectations about child development -alcoholism and drug abuse -Parents’ own abuse as a child -Not knowing other discipline methods -Low impulse control -not coping well with stress 5 types of Neglectful Parents -Apathy Futility Syndrome- Parents have given up on life -Impulse Ridden Behavior- Parent does what they need to but behaves impulsively -Cognitive disability- Parent is limited by their mental capacity -Reactive Depressive Behavior- Parent’s depression is result of a loss and can be treated -psychotic behavior-parent has psychotic episodes where he/she loses touch with reality Factors that contribute to child neglect and abuse 1. Child abuse has been reported previously 2. Parent was abused as a child 3. Age of the parent 4. Age of child 5. Family composition 6. Child rearing approaches 7. Domestic violence in the home 8. Separation of parent or child for a long time 9. Physical, mental, or emotional impairment of child 10.Physical, mental, or emotional impairment of parent 11.Parent or care taker drug abuse 12.Low socioeconomic status Problems associated with adolescents -Juvenile Justice System -Runaways -Academic and employment problems -Teen pregnancy -crime -gangs -Suicide and Children’s mental health Services Provided by CPS -Intake Assessment (creating the report and determining a case) -Investigation (interview children, parents, collaterals and determine priority -Conservatorship (works with family and children towards reunification and provides resources) -Family Based Safety Services [FBSS](When child is at risk but not removed from home) -Foster and Adoption [FAD] (recruit foster homes and train families) -Adoption (only After bio parents’ rights are terminated) CPS provides this to families: -tries to ensure kids stay in their homes -work as case managers to provide resources to the family -help parents get parent support groups -Develop a contract that gives specific goals for family Family Preservation Goals Family Preservation Programs 1. Allow children to remain safely in 1. Family Support Programs their homes 2. Family Centered Prevention 2. Maintain and Strengthen family Programs bonds 3. Intensive Family Preservation 3. Stabilize the crisis situation Services 4. Increase family’s coping skills Types of Substitute Care 1. Foster Care 2. Residential Treatment Centers 3. Crisis Shelters 4. Group Homes 5. Psychiatric Facilities Diversity and Social Justice 1.African Americans make up 13% of population, have experienced racism and discrimination and earn only 65% as much as whites, are unemployed in greater numbers and are almost 3 times more likely than whites to have incomes below the poverty level a.Strengths include resilience, emphasis on extended family, respect and care of elderly and religion 2.Hispanics make up 16.7% of population, often cultural and language barriers continue to make them “different” a.Strengths include hard workers, extended family important, patriotism and care for elderly 3.Asian/Americans make up 5.6% of population, often their physical characteristics, language, cultural heritage has made them be seen as foreigners. They have been stereotyped as “model minority”. a.Strengths include hard workers education, respect for family and elderly and emphasize collectivety not individualism 4.Native Americans make up 1.7% of population, there are 565 tribes and they were conquered by white settlers. a.Strengths include, collective identity, emphasis on family, respect for elderly, strong connection to natural environment 5.Arab Americans make up .5% of population have median income higher that other citizens, $56,433 vs. $51, 914. The stereotype is that the majority are Muslim, however, 63 % Christian and 24% Muslim. a.Strengths include they value education, hard work and family. Speaker Notes Reporting -must report within 48 hours -failure to report results in criminal penalty -reporter has criminal immunities -Know as many details as possible -1800-252-5400 -Do Not conduct your own investigation or confront people involved Investigations -Priority 1 must be initiated in 24 hours and happens when the child is: -Very young (0-6) -nonverbal -injury to vital part of body -mentally/physically challenged -sexual abuse -physical abuse -family has history of abuse -Priority 2 must be initiated in 72 hours and happens when child is: -older -injury not to vital part of body or severe -child can call for help -non offending parent is protective -investigator conducts interviews to children and gives parents notice within 24 hours -notifies absent parent -Documents everything! -may create an Alternative Response (happens when there is no alleged perpetrator and low to moderate risk cases) Caseworker must contact family, observe their interactions, and determine whether the case stays open or can be closed -FBSS (refer back to previous Notes!) -Services Provided -counseling -Parenting Classes -Anger management -day care for children -GED classes -support groups Conservatorship- -CPS submits paperwork to court to removed children for 14 days -parents, attorney and CPS attend a 14 day hearing to determine if children should remain in care -If judge agrees, children to go relative, foster home, or kinship placement -psychological, social, emotional, physical, recreational, medical and educational needs must be met -individual service plans for each child and each parent involved -parent has 1 year to comply with service plan -if parents rights are terminated, the case goes to Adoptions Unit Indicators of Physical Abuse (also refer to previous notes on physical Abuse) -dislocations of shoulders or hip sockets -evidence of previous injuries (bruises) -internal injuries -reluctance to sit down -wearing long sleeves in hot weather -skull, jaw, or nose fractures -multiple fractures -any fracture in a child under 2 -laceration, abrasions to mouth, lip, gums, eyes, hands, fingers, external genitalia -human bite marks -burns (any type that seem peculiar) Sexual Abuse (also refer to previous notes on sexual abuse) -poor personal hygiene -sudden weight gain or weight loss -trauma to breasts, buttocks, lower abdomen, thighs, genitals, or rectal area -torn, stained, or bloody under clothing -has semen around mouth or genital area or clothing -has difficulty sitting or walking -pain when going to the bathroom -STD -recurrent vaginal infections under 12 -severe psychosomatic symptoms -frequent minor illnesses -pregnancy in early teen years Emotional Abuse (also refer to previous notes on emotional abuse) -failure to thrive with no organic cause -facial expressions indicate sadness, lack of confidence, timidity, confusion, discouragement and anger Types of Neglect Indicators of Neglect -neglectful supervision -malnourished -Physical Neglect -dirty bottles -Refusing to accept Parental -child is tired or lethargic Responsibility -poor nutrition -Abandonment -developmental delays -Medical Neglect -pale, pasty appearance and lack of muscle tone -Lack of medical care -excessive absences or tardiness at school -dehydration -failure to thrive
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