Unit 1 Study Guide
Unit 1 Study Guide Comm 150
Popular in Interpersonal Theory and Practice
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Serena Notetaker on Saturday October 15, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Comm 150 at Brigham Young University - Idaho taught by Brent Bean in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 72 views. For similar materials see Interpersonal Theory and Practice in Journalism and Mass Communications at Brigham Young University - Idaho.
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Date Created: 10/15/16
Serena Maxwell COMM 150 Unit 1 Study Guide Vocabulary CHAPTER 1 Co-culture - smaller cultures within a larger culture Cognitive complexity - being able to look through many frameworks to address an issue Communication - “a transactional process involving participants who occupy different but overlapping environments and create relationships through the exchange of messages, many of which are affected by external, physiological, and psychological noise.” Communication competence - being able to achieve your communication goals that makes the relationship better Computer-mediated-communication - texting, emailing, or otherwise talking through an electronic device Content dimension - the aspect of communication that is verbally and specifically stated Relational dimension - the aspect of communication that involves your feelings about the other person Instrumental goals - the way we want others to behave Linear communication model ← NO RECIPROCITY in this model Channel - (the medium that the message passes through) Sender (A) - person who creates the message Receiver (B) - person who receives the message Encodes - putting a message into symbols, or words message - the info being transmitted Decoding - interpreting and making sense of the message Noise - outside input the interrupts transmission Feedback IS a message Transactional communication model - “communicator” instead of “sender” and “receiver” ← New theory: SYSTEMS THEORY Environments - experiences that influence how we understand others’ behavior Not just physical location, but also our personal and cultural experiences Quantitative definition of communication - any interaction between 2 people Dyad - 2 people interacting Qualitative definition of communication - people treating one another as unique people. # of people involved unimportant Impersonal communication - the opposite of interpersonal communication Self-monitoring - when you pay attention to your own behavior and it influences the way you behave CHAPTER 2 Self-concept - the way you see yourself Self-esteem - part of the self concept that involves your self-worth Personality - the consistent ways you think and behave in many situations Reflected appraisal - we develop a self-concept majorly through the way we think other people see us (like through a mirror) Significant others - the people whose opinions we value the most Social comparison - evaluating ourselves by comparing ourselves with other people Reference groups - the groups that we compare ourselves to Cognitive conservatism - looking for and absorbing information that validates your self-concept Self-fulfilling prophecy - when your expectations of a situation changes it to become what you thought it would be Identity management - the ways we try to influence how other people view us Perceived self - the person you think you are when you honestly evaluate yourself Presenting self / face - your public image CHAPTER 3 (The way we attach meanings to our relationships) Selection - deciding which impressions we will pay attention to Organization - arranging the information so it makes sense Stereotyping - making exaggerated generalizations about a person or thing Punctuation - deciding the causes and effects of interactions Negotiation - trying to achieve shared perspectives with someone as we try to influence the other person’s perception Gender roles - the way men and women have been socialized to behave Androgynous - combining male and female traits Attribution - attaching meaning to behavior Self-serving bias - judging ourselves very generously Empathy - experiencing a situation from someone else’s view Sympathy - seeing a situation from your own point of view Ethnocentrism - believing that your own culture is better than others Halo effect - forming a great overall impression of someone from just one characteristic Interpretation - trying to make sense of our perceptions Narrative - a story we use to describe our world Perception checking - - Description of the behavior - 2 possible interpretations - Requesting clarification to interpret the behavior Pillow method CHAPTER 4 Emotional contagion - the way emotions are transferred from one person to another Facilitative emotions - emotions that contribute to effective functioning Debilitative emotions - emotions that detract from effective functioning Self-talk - the words we say to ourselves when we interpret situations Rumination - dwelling on negative thoughts that makes them worse Fallacy of perfection - the belief that you should be able to handle every situation perfectly Fallacy of approval - the idea that you need to get the approval of everyone around you Fallacy of shoulds - not being able to discern between what is and what you think should be Fallacy of overgeneralization - When you base your belief on a limited amount of information - When you exaggerate shortcomings Fallacy of causation - the belief that your emotions are caused by someone else instead of your own self-talk Fallacy of helplessness - believing that happiness in life is created by things out of your control Fallacy of catastrophic expectations - if something bad can happen, it will happen
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