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HWC 304 Midterm Study Guide

by: Dana Mass

HWC 304 Midterm Study Guide HWC 304

Marketplace > Stony Brook University > Human Services > HWC 304 > HWC 304 Midterm Study Guide
Dana Mass
Stony Brook U
GPA 3.52

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This is the study guide for the midterm. It has notes that correspond with the section readings. Good luck!
Contemporary Social Justice Issues
Christopher Coverdale
Study Guide
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This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Dana Mass on Saturday October 15, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HWC 304 at Stony Brook University taught by Christopher Coverdale in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see Contemporary Social Justice Issues in Human Services at Stony Brook University.


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Date Created: 10/15/16
Thursday, October 6, 2016 HWC 304 Midterm Study Guide Session 1 Readings: Cycle of socialization: - The beginning: born into world with mechanics in place (history/ habit/ tradition) - Socialized: taught by parents, relatives, teachers, people we love/trust - Institutional and Cultural Socialization: Institutions (Church/ school/ mental health/ business) Culture (Song lyrics/ media/ language) *On conscious and unconscious levels* - Enforcements: privilege, discrimination, empowerment - Results: silence, anger, guilt, lack of reality *either leads toward change or actions* - Actions: do nothing, don't make waves - Hegemonic norms: people behave in accordance with social norms without being told or forced to do so and judge harshly those who behave otherwise. Session 2 Readings: TheArab Woman and I: - The moral of the story is to not define people by their culture or what stereotypes that religion/ culture may have. - “I try to get on with my life, but its difficult to constantly control what I am not”, people will want to believe you are one way and do certain things, but these stereotypes stop you from reaching your full potential. - “The problem is whether you will believe me”, its hard to prove that you do not fit in the category that society puts you in based on your culture. “Can we talk”: - Most of the early information we receive about “others” does to come as the result of firsthand experience. We learn things from other people. - Secondhand information is often distorted and not factual - Prejudice: preconceived judgement or opinion, usually based on limited information - Cultural racism: the cultural images and messages that affirm the assumed superiority of Whites and the assumed inferiority of people of color. - “smog breathers”: people who live in an environment where we are bombarded with stereotypical images in the media. - Internalized oppression: a member of a stereotyped group that may internalize the stereotypical categories about his or her own group - System: involves cultural messages and institutional policies and practices as well as the beliefs and actions of individuals. - White privilege: the systematic advantages of being white Introduction: - Critical consciousness: relates to identity issues such as race, gender, sexuality, ethnicity, class, nationality, religion, etc. - Social justice: have an equal right to basic liberties compatible with similar liberties for others - Social work relates to both process and outcome - Process include all of the activities in which social workers engage and the responses of other individuals and larger entities to these activities. Frustration in Ferguson: - Michael Brown was a “gentle giant” - Incident happend in Ferguson Missouri 1 Thursday, October 6, 2016 - Darren Wilson shot and killed Brown - This was said to be an act of racism - The police department tried to determine if force by weapon was going against Brown’s basic human rights Social Work Speaks (Pg 254): - Racism is also called racialism - Any action, practice, or belief that reflects the facial worldview. - The ideology that humans are divided into separate and exclusive biological entities called races - Racism began around the time of the poor treatment of the NativeAmericans - NativeAmericans were being subjected to genocidal racism - Africans were being kidnapped from their homeland to become slaves - The Melting Pot: over time the distance habits, customs, and traditions associates with particular groups would disappear as people assimilated into larger culture. - Cultural pluralism: a major philosophy for dealing with the conflicts related to racism and ethnocentrism - Minorities: those of any race other than non-Hispanic, single-race whites - Concepts and national policies that support multiculturalism and diversity do not represent a single theory in the fight against racism - Institutional racism: - Educational system - Employment - Housing - Health and behavioral health - Criminal justice system Session 3 Readings: Social Justice and the Social Work Profession (Handout): - The conflict between justice and charitable perspectives have influenced the evolution of social policy and social work practice through the creation of an awkward synthesis of individualistic and collectivist orientations to society and its problems. - Social justice: self-determination, empowerment and the ideal of personal freedom. Emphasizing self- help, mutual aid, socioeconomic equality, racial, ethnic, and religious minorities and redefining them. - Value based profession: to promote individual and social change consistent with principals of human rights and social justice. - NationalAssociation of Social Workers: the pursuit of social justice and the eradication of injustice constitute one of the six ethical imperatives - Each generation must refight old battles, reframe old issues, and refine the meaning of social justice to match the changing context. - Social welfare: the provision os assistance to vulnerable individuals and families as a primary means to achieve the collective public good. - Social justice as a goal (Progressive Era): replaced hierarchal principals of private benevolence with universal public standards of why that would be enforced through government policies and institutional standards and rationalized by social scientific research. - Universalist ideas: social justice primarily emphasize political democracy and equality before the law rather than equality of resources, power, or status through the law - Social workers did not address rising inequality and unemployment and the intolerable working conditions in factories, mines, and mills (Progressive Era) - Five simple principals: - The purpose of social work is to serve people in need. If social workers serve other classes who have other purposes, they become too dishonest to be capable of either theoretical or practical development. 2 Thursday, October 6, 2016 - Social work exits to help people help themselves and therefore social workers should not be alarmed when people do so by organizational means - Social work practice operated by communication, listening, and sharing experiences - Social workers have to find their place among other movements for human betterment by forming and joining coalition with clients, community groups, and like-minded colleagues from all disciplines - Social workers cannot consider themselves superior to their clients, as if they do not have the same problems. - Red Scare: many social workers lost their jobs in government and academia, were blacklisted by major agencies and universities, and could not publish in well-established journals. - Working Statement on the Purpose of Social Work: reflected tensions and philosophical ambiguities. It emphasized consensus rather than conflict-oriented approaches to social change, focused on more expanding equality of opportunity than producing more equitable outcomes. - Postmodernists: social justice goals will never be achieved until the current intellectual foundation of its liberal proponents, particularly its attachment t universal principals. - Social justice feminism: promotes structural changes in society to address such woman’s issues as paid work, unpaid caregiving in the home, culture and identity, sexuality, domestic violence, and the provision of state welfare. - Neoliberal reprivatization discourse: emphasizes the importance of creating a political agenda of social justice - Justice as fairness: focuses on means rather than ends. Functioning that constitute the various things that a person manages to do or be in leading a life. - Capability: refers to the alternative combination of functioning the person can achieve and from which he or she can choose one collection. - Racial equity: applying a structural analysis to the challenges posted by institutional racism - Universal Declaration of Human Rights: promotes social justice agendas and a moral grounding for social work’s more complex interpretations of social justice, equality, and empowerment. - Generation of rights: civic and political freedoms to those in the US Constitution that guarantee the right to due process, freedom of speech and religion, freedom of movement and assembly, and to be free from slavery. - Human rights from below: preserve the profession’s long-standing commitment to end exploitation and the inequality. - Social workers largely saw the means to achieve social justice as assimilation and the re-creation of a harmonious “organic community”. - Second generation: social workers from the late 1920’s to the early 1950’s. They regarded the expansion of government provision and the social rights of citizenship as critical components of social justice and forges strategic alliances with unions, left-winged political parties, and civil rights organizations. Creating and Implementing Socially Just Policies: - Devolution: shifting the US from the federal government to state and local government - Privatization: shifting from the public to nonprofit and for-profit sectors. - Divine right: God was the sole source of political authority. - Force theory: the state is the most powerful and total for of human organization- an institution that is distinctly above the people. - Executive committee: they had interest that were identical to those of the elite, not the overall population. - Social division of welfare: focus on people’s needs, not rights.Abelief that society can achieve social justice without altering its basic structure and the use of public policy to reconcile social conflicts and restore at least the facade of community - Welfare state policies: based on justice-oriented values such as the equal worth of all citizens, the equal right of all persons to meet their basic needs, the expansion of people’s opportunities and life chances as widely as possible, and the goal of reducing or eliminating unjustified inequalities. 3 Thursday, October 6, 2016 - Modern liberals: favor policies that ban discrimination, provide a more equitable distribution of social benefits and burdens, and expand civil rights and liberties. - Communitarians: stress greater cooperation, trust, and mutuality in our institutions and relationships. - Social democrats: believe that social justice requires both greater social and economic equality and more democratic political participation. - Capabilities approach: a socially just system if sic welfare must also involve marginalized individuals and excluded groups in socially just policymaking processes. - Meaning of equality: the pursuit of equality is related to the goal of social justice. - Market: the economic system - TemporaryAssistance for Needy Families (TANF): prevents home foreclosures, facilitate home ownership, protect private sector pensions, increase consumer protection in the finance and housing industries, redistribute through progressive taxation, child care, pre-kindergarten programs, anti discrimination legislation. - Environmental racism: the deliberate targeting of racial minority of indigenous communities in the placement of toxic waste dumps, sewage treatment plants, incinerators, and manufacturing sites. - Environment equality: either equal protection of all communities through established laws or greater balance in the spatial and temporal distribution of environmental benefits. - Environmental justice: universal access to a high-quality physical environment, fair treatment of all communities, and the emergence of sustainable economies and communities. Civil Liberties and Justice (Social Work Speaks pg 42): - Freedoms fundamental to the individual and society: - freedom of speech - freedom of the press - separation of church and state - the right to privacy - due process of the law - freedom from self-incrimination and unreasonable search and seizures - Assault in civil liberties: - censorship of books and other forms of cultural expression - restrictions on the rights of individuals to bring suit against the government and employers - pressmen increases of police brutality - punishment of whistle blowers who expose government misconduct - the criminalization of individual and social problems - Setbacks to civil liberties: - the criminal justice system and penal systems (expanding alternative to detention and incarceration, the use of the death penalty as punishment) - access to justice, equal protection, and due process rights (restoration of full funding for comprehensive civil and criminal legal aid services, threats to freedom of the press and due process) - restrictions on FirstAmendment rights, particularly freedom of expression and the separation of church and state - the right to privacy and its effects on social services (violation of confidentiality, unannounced inspections of homes, mediatory drug tests) - civil liberties and national security. AffirmativeAction (Social Work Speaks pg 21): - The process of a business of governmental agency in which it gives special rights of hiring or advancement to ethnic minorities to make up for past discrimination against that minority. - National Labor RelationsAct: an employer who was found to be discriminating against union members or union organizers would have to stop discriminating and also take affirmative action to place those victims where they won have been without discrimination. 4 Thursday, October 6, 2016 - The NASW affirmative action tenets reflect a firm commitment to actions leading to inclusive plans, processes, and results. - It is a concept of mindful and deliberate steps taken to attain a national consensus to valuer respect and accept multicultural diversity. - Ex: being vigilant in upholding and promoting affirmative action and social justice initiatives, creating, leading, and participating in coalitions for affirmative action, conducting and supporting research to promote equality. Cultural and Linguistic Competence in the Social Work Profession (Social Work Speaks pg 62): - Three basic elements of cultural competence: - cultural awareness - cultural-specific knowledge - skills - Cuter competence contributes to efforts to address racial and ethnic disparities in health and mental health status and the disproportionate confinement in restrictive setting in the child welfare, juvenile justice, and criminal justice systems. - This concept has ideas of cultural pluralism, cultural sensitivity, multiculturalism, and transcultural orientation - The quest for authentic cultural competence is a process of becoming more attuned to how clients experience their uniqueness, deal with their differences and similarities, and cope with a sociopolitical environment. - Aset of congruent behaviors, attitudes, and policies that come together in a system or agency or among professionals and enables the system, agency, or professionals to work effectively cross-cultural situations - Culture: integrated pattern of human behavior that includes thoughts, communications, actions, customs, beliefs, values, and institutions. - Competence: having the capacity to function effectively. Session 4 Readings: What’s Debt Got to Do With It? - The most outrageous, expensive, and quasi-legal transactions are called payday loans, advancements secured by a postdated personal check. - Pawnshop: have become centralized and chain-operated, backed by upscale marketing, and persistent pressure on local governments to raise usury rates. They displace small businesses, family-owned pawnshops, and local chains. - Poor people develop strategies to work the fringe banking system by pawning TVs or “renting” furniture. The Debt Track: - The big increase in consumer debt is a major shift in the way lenders approach their business. - Lenders have found new ways to get more profit out of borrowers through high interest rates. - So many borrowers are in trouble financially which means they need to take out loans, which sometimes they cannot afford to pay back. Universal Declaration of Human Rights: - Human rights should be protected by the rule of law - It is essential to promote the development of friendly relations between nations - all humans are born free and equal in dignity and rights - everyone is entitles to all the rights and freedoms set forth without distinction of race, sex, language, religion, etc - everyone has the right of live, liberty, and security of a person - no one shall be held in slavery 5 Thursday, October 6, 2016 - No one shall be subjected to torture or cruel, inhumane or degrading treatment - everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law - all are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law - everyone has the right to an effective remedy by the competent national tribunals - In total there are 30 articles to this declaration Education of Children andAdolescents (Social Work Speaks pg 85): - NASW believes that schools must pursue excellence and provide for the physical and emotional safety and growth, in addition to the education of children - At risk students use receive outreach services - Education is a continuous maturation process that promotes the intellectual, physical, and social development of students in their environments. - Characteristics of a high-quality education: - Safe, positive, and secure schools - Nondiscriminatory education - nontraditional education - least-restrictive environment - alternative testing and performance - family, school and community linkages - early childhood education - career and vocational education - comprehensive health and mental health education - sex education - discipline Child Welfare Workforce (Social Work Speaks pg 39): - The nations most vulnerable group are children and families - Systems are designed to protect children from abuse and neglect, to ensure their well-being, achieve permanency, and strengthen families - The long-term impact of child welfare decisions demands a skilled child welfare workforce with working knowledge of child, youth, and adult development, role and impact of trauma, parenting and family dynamics, and evidence-based interventions - Create a safe organizational culture and climate that prioritizes worker safety - support child welfare workers through consultative and supportive supervision - provide professional development opportunities School Violence (Social Work Speaks pg 271): - Students between the ages of 12-18 were victims of 1.5 million non-fatal crimes - Violence in schools appear as non-physical (name calling, threats, spreading rumors) or physical aggression (pushing, tripping, spitting, hitting). - Risk factor: seen as any factor that increases the probability that a person will suffer from hard - Protective factor: something that decreases the potential harmful effect of a risk factor. - Violence prevention starts in the family and the community - Children who witness violence and abuse, even if they have not personally been the victim of the abuse, can suffer psychological trauma (PTSD). - Three levels for intervention: - School-wide foundation and primary prevention - Early intervention - Urgent responses and crisis intervention 6 Thursday, October 6, 2016 Session 5 + 6 Readings: It’s as Bad as You Think, It is…..And Worse! - There is a huge difference in what CEO’s of companies make and what we believe they should make. - High school dropouts and PhD’s have two thing in common: 1. we are grossly underestimate the size of the wage gap 2. We all want a much, smaller wage gap - Those who didn't complete high school thought the ideal pay gap should be about 5 to 1 while those with graduate degrees thought it should be 12 to 1. - We tend to turn out information that challenged our deep-seated beliefs. - Democrats tend to support modest rises in the minimum wage that do make a difference to those stuck in the lowest-paying jobs. - Americans of all genders, shades, incomes, and education levels think on average the wage gap should be about 7 to 1 and not 829 to 1. - Some liberals blame inequality on new technologies that require skills workers don't have. - We need to relearn the skills of building a mass movement which includes educating ourselves about the realities of growing economic inequality. Wage Theft Comes toAmerica - InAmerica, corporations can get away with stealing our wages - Workers who are undocumented have little resource - Fast-food franchise managers sometimes steal wages by adjusting time logs and erasing evidence of overtime. - Egress security: Egress filtering is a process in which outbound data is monitored or restricted, usually by means of a firewall that blocks packets that fail to meet certain security requirements - Inventory shrinkage: is the loss of products between point of manufacture or purchase from supplier and point of sale. - The Economic Policy Institute (EPI): “The total annual wage theft from front-like workers in low-wage industries in three cities approached $3 billion”. - Productivity: has nothing to do with how much we are paid, but its a measurement of how much we produce in a given hour. - In a productive economy we have the knowledge, skin, technology, and organization we need to produce more each hour. - Theft: the act of stealing, the wrongful taking and carrying away of the personal goods or property of another, larceny. Runaway Inequality and Democracy: - As we cut regulations, social programs, and taxes, our political processes will lead to increased freedom. - Political parties are spending a ton more money for their campaigning. - To track the effects of runaway inequality on the political system is to see how many millionaires become members of Congress. - If individuals who are getting paid money and are joining government, this can threaten the ability for America to be democratic. Explorations in Privilege, Oppression, and Diversity: - As a kid who was raised in a middle-class to upper middle-class society, being poor is showing that you are different - Poverty was shaping who this young man was - The colleagues were easing their way through college based on their privilege - Through his education, he was able to address what made him different than the others and realize that his education and knowledge was worth a lot more than just money. - “Examining one;s own privileged status is a constant process” 7 Thursday, October 6, 2016 - This is a story of transformation. Going from poverty to realizing how his life has been affected by his circumstances. 8


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