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Cal State Fullerton - HIST 110 - HIST 110B, Exam 2 Study Guide (Part

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Cal State Fullerton - HIST 110 - HIST 110B, Exam 2 Study Guide (Part

School: California State University - Fullerton
Department: History
Course: World Civilization to 16th Century
Professor: Stefan Chrissanthos
Term: Winter 2016
Tags:
Name: HIST 110B, Exam 2 Study Guide (Part 1)
Description: This part one study guide for exam 2 covers the French Revolution to Conservatism/Liberalism/Nationalism in 19th century Europe.
Uploaded: 10/16/2016
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background image HIST 110B EXAM 2 STUDY GUIDE (Part 1) 
 
The French Revolution (1789-1791): Overview 
-  Was key factory in emergence of a new world order 
-  Demolished the institutions of the old regime of a sovereign monarch and established a 
new order based on individual rights, representative institutions, and a concept of loyalty 
to the nation rather than the monarch (nationalism) 
  French officers and soldiers who fought with the Americans in the American Revolution were 
inspired to fight for their own independence from their monarch => but the French Revolution 
was more radical, more complex, more controversial, and more bloody  
 
Social Structure of the Old Regime
1.  First Estate (Clergy) 
-  130,000 who own about 10% of land 
-  were exempt from taille  
2.  Second Estate (the Nobility) 
-  Estimation of 350, 000 people 
-  Owned about 25-30 percent of land  
-  Manorial Rights: medieval privileges that allowed them to tax the peasantry for their 
own profits   -  Were also exempt from the taille  
3.  Third Estate 
-  Consisted of commoners, skilled workers, bourgeoisie 
-  Peasants were 75-80% of the population owning 35 to 40 percent of the land; owned 
most of the land compared to the other estates  -  No serfdom but obligations 
-  Skilled craftsmen, shopkeepers, and wage earners 
-  Bourgeoisie (middle class) about 8% (2.3 million) who own 20-25% of land  
 
Other problems: 
-  Flour storage => crucial since bread is the staple of French diet  
-  Collapse of government finances from the Seven Years’ War and French aid in the 
American Revolution  -  Louis XVI   ð   Unequal representation in the Estates General   ð   First Estate and Second Estate 300 delegates  ð   Third Estate 600 delegates   ð   Three Separate Houses  ð   Traditionally each estate got only one vote   ð   Third Estate refused to participate until king established a single-body Estates  General  ð   Third Estate constitutes itself as the National Assembly in June 17, 1789 upon being  locked out of the Estates General 
 
 
background image Tennis Court Oath  -  Third Estate declares they will not leave until a new constitution is written  Storming of the Bastille  -  Signaled the beginning of the French Revolution 
-  The people of Paris stormed into and dismantled Bastille, raiding weapons and 
gunpowder   -  Symbol of defiance against the king  “Great Fear”  -  Peasants all across France began to rise in spontaneous, violet, and effective insurrection  against their lords  -  Rebellion throughout the countryside  
-  Peasants demand equality and end to feudalism 
Declaration of the Rights of Man (August 27, 1789)  ð   Called for constitutional monarchy   ð   Feudalism abolished; erased all medieval rights and privileges in the countryside  ð   “Men are born and remain free and equal in rights”  ð   Mankind’s natural rights = liberty, property, security   ð   Law is an expression of the general will of the people   ð   End of absolute rule in France   ð    Social class is distinguished   ð   Freedom of speech and the press  ð   resulted in a form of representative government     Women of Paris  -  Due to rising bread prices and widespread poverty they marched to Versailles in protest 
-  20,000 camped outside the King’s palace 
-  Mob of women invaded the royal apartments to hunt for the Queen  
-  Demanded Louis XXVI and Marie Antoinette to relocate to Paris 
  ð   National Assembly forces king to create a constitutional monarchy in France in July  1790   
National Assembly disbands after completion of new French Constitution 
ð   Made a vow that none of its members would be eligible for re-election of new  National Assembly  ð   Therefore, the newly elected National Assembly had a different, more radical  character  ð   Rise of the Jacobins (radicals); the Girondin were moderates and the Dantonists were  extremists turned moderates  Death of Marat  -  Professional malcontent 
-  Symbol of the revolutionary spirit 
-  Spearhead of revolutionary press, was an extreme journalist who advocated for war 
-  Murdered by Charlotte Corday 
-  Became a martyr after death, represented a new kind of god in the eyes of the Revolution 
-  As a result Christianity was denounced; no Sundays, churches were destroyed  

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School: California State University - Fullerton
Department: History
Course: World Civilization to 16th Century
Professor: Stefan Chrissanthos
Term: Winter 2016
Tags:
Name: HIST 110B, Exam 2 Study Guide (Part 1)
Description: This part one study guide for exam 2 covers the French Revolution to Conservatism/Liberalism/Nationalism in 19th century Europe.
Uploaded: 10/16/2016
6 Pages 28 Views 22 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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