New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Bio 1406 For Science Majors

by: Marisa Trevino

Bio 1406 For Science Majors Biol 1406.006

Marketplace > Blinn College > Biol 1406.006 > Bio 1406 For Science Majors
Marisa Trevino
Blinn College

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

This is a study guide for a retake exam, which is similar to the one earlier in the year. Professor: Tonya Shepherd
Biology for Science Majors I
Dr. Shepherd
Study Guide
50 ?




Popular in Biology for Science Majors I

Popular in Department

This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Marisa Trevino on Sunday October 16, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Biol 1406.006 at Blinn College taught by Dr. Shepherd in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views.

Similar to Biol 1406.006 at Blinn College


Reviews for Bio 1406 For Science Majors


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 10/16/16
Study Guide: Chapter 1 1. What is Biology? Biology is the study of life. 2. List and describe the 7 characteristics of life?  The seven characteristics of life are: 1. Order 2. Evolutionary  3. Adaptation  4. Respond to Stimuli  5. Regulate itself 6. Energy processing 7. Growth and Development 8. Reproduction 3. What are the different levels of biological organization? There are two different levels of biological organization and they are  Reductionism and Emergent Properties. 4. Describe reductionism and emergent properties.  Reductionism is the “zooming in,” and reduces complex systems to simpler  components that are more manageable to study.  Emergent Properties are the “zooming out,” new properties that arise due to  arrangement and interactions of parts as complexity increases. 5. What is the lowest level of organization that can perform all activities  required for life? The lowest level of organization that can perform all activities required for life is  the Cells. Specifically a single cell. 6. What is feedback regulation? Feedback regulation is the regulation of a process by its output or end product. 7. What is the difference between inductive and deductive reasoning? Inductive Reasoning draws conclusions via large number of specific  observations. Deductive Reasoning is used to test he idea or hypothesis. The  difference is that inductive involves many observations to get a small conclusion  versus deductive reasoning which is small observations to get one general  conclusion. 8. What is a hypothesis and what are the characteristics of a hypothesis? Hypothesis is proposed explanation for a natural phenomenon. A proposition  based on pervious observations or experimental studies. The features of a  hypothesis is that it can be supported or falsified, it must be testable, and it is not  a statement not a question.  9. How is a scientific theory different than a scientific hypothesis? A theory is a broader scope than a hypothesis. It is supported by a large body of  evidence in comparison to a hypothesis.  10.What is taxonomy? Taxonomy is the science of naming and classifying organisms. It is the branch of  biology that names and classifies species into groups of increasing breadth.   Didn’t Know Popeye’s Chicken Offered Free Gizzard Strips Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species 11.What are the three domains of life? Which domains encompass eukaryotes  and which encompass prokaryotes? The three domains of life are Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya. Bacteria and  Archaea encompasses Prokaryotes and Eukarya encompasses Eukaryotes.  12.Darwin’s book, On the Origins of Species, articulated two main points.  What are these points?  The two main points are “descent with modification,” and “natural selection.”  13.What is inquiry? Inquiry is the search for information and explanation.  14.What is the difference between qualitative and quantitative data? Qualitative data are descriptions rather than measurements, another way to  remember is that you are looking for quality. Quantitative data is recorded  measurements which are sometimes organized into tables and graphs, and one  way to remember is that you are looking for quantity.  15.What is the process of science? Describe each step Step 1: State the problem ­ Find out what your problem is and define the problem as clear as possible.  Step 2: Gather Information ­ Gather information or data about the problem and  make good observations using the five sense. Step 3: Form a Hypothesis ­ Form a logical idea of the answer to your problem. A hypothesis is a prediction that can be tested. Step 4: Test Your Hypothesis ­ Use an experiment to test your logical answer to  the problem. Use controlled conditions (everything in an experiment that is the  same except for the variable), a variable (something in an experiment that only  you can change, only one per experiment), and a constant (factors in an  experiment that stay the same). Step 5: Analyze Data ­ Go over all the data you have and/or go over conclusions. Keep a journal of the records. Step 6: Draw a Conclusion ­ Based on the data and observations, conclude the  answer to your hypothesis. It should be logical answers to the question based on  data and observations. If needed, you can retest the theory, possibly with a new  hypothesis.  Step 7: Share Results ­ Report journal to classmates, or publish a journal of  findings. 16.Define the following terms: control, independent variable, and dependent  variable. A control is a set of subjects that lacks (or does not receive) the specific factor  being tested. Ideally, the control group should be identical to the experimental  group in other respects. An independent variable is a variable whose value is manipulated or changed  during an experiment or other test to reveal possible effects on another variable.  A dependent variable is a variable whose value is measured during an  experiment or other test to see whether it is influenced by changes in another  variable. Study Guide: Chapter 2 1. What is an essential element? What are the essential elements?  An essential element is any chemical element required by an organism for  healthy growth. The essential elements include nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, boron, chlorine, iron, manganese, zinc, copper,  molybdenum, and nickel. 2. Name and describe the various subatomic particles. Indicate their charge,  size, location within an atom, and what each subatomic particle tells us  about the atom. Protons are positively charged, 1 amu, and are a part of the nucleus. Neutrons are electrically neutral, 1 amu, and are a part of the nucleus.  Electrons are negatively charged, 1/2000 amu, and make up the “cloud.” 3. Describe the structure of an atom Nucleus contains protons and neutrons, electrons float around nucleus. 4. Determine the atomic number, atomic mass, and number of neutrons for  Sodium (Na). Sodium (Na)  Atomic Number: 11 Atomic Mass: 22.990 amu Number of Neutrons:  12 5. How do isotopes of an element differ from one another? Isotopes are the same elements but have different atomic masses and different  number of neutrons. 6. How do you determine how many electron shells an atom has? How many  electron shells does Ca have? Chemical behavior of an atom determined by the distribution within electron  shells.  Ca has 3 filled orbitals with 2 free electrons, 4 shells in total.  7. Why are valence electrons so important? How many valence electrons  does Carbon (C) have? Valence electrons are the electrons in the outermost energy level of an atom —  in the energy level that is farthest away from the nucle.  Carbon has 4 valence electrons.  8. Draw an electron distribution diagram for a Potassium (K). 9. What is the difference between a molecule and a compound? Molecules can be bonded from the same elements, whereas compounds can  only combine if the elements are different. 10.Describe the three major types of bonds discussed in this chapter  (covalent, ionic, and hydrogen)?  Covalent bonds involve the sharing of pairs of valence electrons between two  atoms. Strength of the bond depends upon the number of shared electrons and  type of atoms involved.  Ionic bonds results from the gain or loss of electron from atoms. Formed by the  attraction between ions of opposite charge and can be easily broken in the  presence of water. Hydrogen bonds are polar molecules that have areas of partial positive and  partial negative charge. They are very weak transient bonds that forms between  a partial positive atom and a partial negative atom. They are very weak  individually, but very strong collectively.  11.What are the two types of covalent bonds? Sketch an example of each type of covalent bond and explain why these types of covalent bonds are  important. 12.What are reactants and products when talking about chemical reactions?  Chemical reactions are the making and breaking of chemical bonds. The starting  molecules of a chemical reaction are called reactants and the final molecules of a chemical reaction are called products. 


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Kyle Maynard Purdue

"When you're taking detailed notes and trying to help everyone else out in the class, it really helps you learn and understand the I made $280 on my first study guide!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.