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UA / History / HIST 103 / What is the Bering Strait?

What is the Bering Strait?

What is the Bering Strait?

Description

School: University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa
Department: History
Course: American Civilization to 1865
Professor: Sharony green
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Cost: 50
Name: HY 103 Midterm Study Guide
Description: Dr. Green HY 103 Study guide
Uploaded: 10/16/2016
3 Pages 7 Views 9 Unlocks
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HY 103 Midterm Study Guide


What is the Bering Strait?



Key terms/questions

1. Bering Strait – a strait connecting the Pacific and Arctic oceans  between Russia and the United States (Alaskan) of ice in which Paleo  Indians traveled to get to the US

2. Paleo Indians – travelled across the Bering Strait; term given to the first peoples who entered, and subsequently inhabited, the Americas 3. Amerigo Vespucci – an Italian explorer, navigator and cartographer  who first found that Brazil and the West Indies did not represent Asia's  eastern outskirts as initially conjectured from Columbus' voyages  (1499). America was named after him

4. Columbian exchange – the widespread exchange of food, animals,  plants, diseases, technology and ideas between native Americans,  Europeans and Africans following Christopher Columbus’ voyage in  1492

5. Hernan Cortes – Spanish conquistador (wanted to spread Catholicism)  who defeated the Aztecs and conquered a lot of present day Mexico 6. Samuel de Champlain – a French explorer and cartographer, first  person from France to discover the new world, his journey took him to  much of Canada (from Quebec and Ontario to Toronto, and also in  South Carolina); had a good relationship with Indians  


Who are the Paleo Indians?



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7. Virginia company – joint stock company (company empowered by the  crown to start own company) created by King James 1 to establish a  colonial settlement (Jamestown established in 1607) (folded in 1624)

8. Indentured servants – A person under contract to work for another  person for a definite period of time (around 7 years), usually without  pay but in exchange for free passage to a new country, had very little  freedom, basically slaves; abuse was common including raping of  women If you want to learn more check out Who is Marbury v. Madison?

9. Bacon’s rebellion – an armed rebellion in 1676 by Virginia settlers led  by Nathaniel Bacon against the rule of Governor William Berkeley, this  is the first time people started to discriminate by race. Nathaniel Bacon was a colonist of the Virginia Colony, he wanted more land and needed the indigenous people gone in order to get the land; makes slavery a  race based system


Who is Amerigo Vespucci?



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10. Anne Hutchinson – a Puritan spiritual adviser, mother of 15, and  an important participant in the Antinomian Controversy that shook the  infant Massachusetts Bay Colony from 1636 to 1638; women didn’t  usually preach  

11. Gate of no return – doors that lead to the belly of ships where  slaves are shipped out never to return

12. Which two 18th century developments uncover the ways in which  Americans were beginning to think in differing ways about the meaning of life?  

a. Enlightenment – a European intellectual movement of the late  17th and 18th centuries emphasizing reason and individualism

rather than tradition. It was heavily influenced by 17th-century  philosophers such as Descartes, Locke, and Newton

b. Great Awakening – a wave of 18th century religious enthusiasm  that begins as a response to the Enlightenment movement, or  growth of intellectual thinking. There are two waves. By the early 19th century, during the second wave, church, membership soars Don't forget about the age old question of To what extent was time a factor?

13. Who wrote a theory challenging biblical notions that said god  kept the stars, planets and sun in motion? Isaac Newton 14. Which revolution provided a template for getting rid of a hated  monarch? English Civil War We also discuss several other topics like What are the types of law?

15. What did the English bill of rights do? It bars a monarch from  getting rid of laws enacted by parliament

16. When did the Seven Years War occur? 1754-1763  a. Seven Years War – battle that bound England and France against  Spain; settled Great Britain and France’s battle over land in  America (1756-1763)

17. What British leader looked for new sources of funding in British  North America? George Grenville who was a British political leader who as prime minister (1763-1765) instigated the Stamp Act (1765), which  provoked rebellious activities in the American colonies

18. Via which act did the British receive a new funding source from  American colonies?  

a. Stamp act of 1764 – A law passed by the British government in  1765 that required the payment of a tax to Britain on a great  variety of papers and documents, including newspapers, that  were produced in the American colonies

b. Sugar act of 1764 – set a tax on sugar and molasses imported  into the colonies which impacted the manufacture of rum in New  England

19. Who are the redcoats? members of the British army (because  they had red coats)

20. Who is Thomas Paine? A patriot and author in the Revolutionary  War, whose pamphlets, such as Common Sense and the American  Crisis series, urged American independence

21. What did the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 establish? regulated  the settlement of the Northwest Territory, which eventually was divided into several states of the Middle West; did not permit slavery If you want to learn more check out When french begin to arrive in North America?

22. Who are the federalists? They defended the principle of a  supreme authority (strong centralized government), but assured  people there will never be a tyranny, led by Alexander Hamilton

23. When did the French Revolution begin and end? 1789-1815 24. What was the “era of good feeling”? time after War of 1812 of  relative peace (1815-1824)  

25. Which doctrine found the United States generally telling  European powers to keep their hands off Latin America? Monroe  Doctrine

26. What is the Missouri compromise? an act of Congress (1820) by  which Missouri was admitted as a slave state, Maine as a free state,  and slavery was prohibited in the Louisiana Purchase north of latitude  36°30′N, except for Missouri

Essay questions:

1. Write an essay analyzing critical turning points in American civilization  before 1800, and be prepared to uncover how they incrementally  inspire and unveil the colonists’ quest for freedom

2. Analyze how the ‘everyday’ man increasingly gained power in the US  in the 1830’s. be sure to name critical developments, conflicts,  documents, and key figures that allow us to see the ways in which such an individual established political, social, and economic dominance.  Also, you are highly encouraged to consider showing how other  individuals

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