BIOL 2500 Exam 2 Study Guide
BIOL 2500 Exam 2 Study Guide BIOL 2500
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This 10 page Study Guide was uploaded by Amy Notetaker on Sunday October 16, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to BIOL 2500 at Auburn University taught by Dr. Zachary Farris in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 212 views. For similar materials see Anatomy and Physiology 1 in Biology at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 10/16/16
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY EXAM 2—PRACTICE EXAM MATCHING (1-7): Which part of the body would these types of joints be found in? 1) Gomphosis a) Bones of the skull 2) Pivot b) Metacarpals and phalanges 3) Symphysis c) The bands of the hyaline cartilage 4) Condyloid d) Pubic symphysis 5) Syndesmosis e) Proximal ends of radius and ulna 6) Synchondrosis f) Tooth in the jaw 7) Sutures g) Between tibia and fibula 8) Which of these is not a type of fibrous joint? a) Suture b) Symphysis c) Synchondrosis d) Gomphosis 9) Which of these is not synarthrotic? a) Syndesmosis b) Symphysis c) Suture d) Gomphosis e) None of the above 10) What type of tissue connects fibrous joints? a) Fibrocartilage b) Areolar connective tissue c) Dense connective tissue d) Reticular connective tissue 11) Which of these can be thought of as the gliding movement? a) Nodding your head back and forth b) Opening and closing your jaw c) Rotating your head d) Waving hello to a friend 12) Which of these can be though of as the flexionàextensionàhyperextension movement? a) Nodding your head back and forth b) Opening and closing your jaw c) Rotating your head d) Waving hello to a friend 13) Which of these statements is false about hip joints? a) It is a heavy joint capsule b) It is made up of the head of the femur and the acetabulum c) It has a smaller range of motion than the shoulder ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY EXAM 2—PRACTICE EXAM d) It is a hinge joint 14) Which of these joints is considered a “stable” joint? a) Elbow joint b) Hip joint c) Knee joint d) Shoulder joint 15) Which of these contains ligaments to prevent displacement? a) Elbow joint b) Hip joint c) Knee joint d) Shoulder joint 16) Which medical condition (associated with joints) is caused due to the inflammation of the bursa? a) Arthritis b) Sprains c) Bursitis d) Fracture 17) Which one of these is not a type of arthritis? a) Gout b) Osteoarthritis c) Rheumatoid d) Bursitis 18) Which of these is not one of the major joints within the knee? a) Femoral patellar joint b) Lateral tibial femoral joint c) Medial tibial femoral joint d) Proximal femoral patellar joint 19) Which joint has more flexibility in females than in males? a) Shoulder joint b) Pubic symphysis c) Hip/coaxial joint d) Knee joint 20) Which of these statements is false about skeletal muscles? a) Voluntary and striated b) Contains nerves and blood vessels (highly vascularized) c) Contains fibrous tissue wrappings d) Contains connective tissue wrappings 21) What is the shortening of muscles known as? a) Excitability b) Contraction c) Extensibility d) Elasticity 22) What is us being able to move on command, known as? a) Excitability b) Contraction c) Extensibility ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY EXAM 2—PRACTICE EXAM d) Elasticity 23) What charge does our body constantly try to maintain? a) -70 mV b) -90 mV c) -95 mV d) -120 mV 24) What term is used to refer to a high amount of waste build up in our muscles? a) Skeletal muscle pump b) Glutamine pump c) Lactic acid pump d) Creatine pump 25) Order these from most superficial to least superficial in a skeletal muscle. a) Epimysium, endomysium, perimysium b) Endomysium, perimysium, epimysium c) Epimysium, perimysium, endomysium d) Perimysium, endomysium, epimysium 26) What type of tissue makes up the Perimysium layer of the muscle? a) Dense irregular connective tissue b) Dense regular connective tissue c) Areolar loose connective tissue d) Adipose connective tissue 27) What type of tissue makes up the epimysium layer of the muscle? a) Dense irregular connective tissue b) Dense regular connective tissue c) Areolar loose connective tissue d) Adipose connective tissue 28) What is the muscle fiber’s “plasma membrane”? a) Sarcoplasmic reticulum b) Sarcolemma c) Sarcoplasm d) Sarcomysium 29) What is the muscle fiber’s cytoplasm? a) Sarcoplasmic reticulum b) Sarcolemma c) Sarcoplasm d) Sarcomysium 30) Where are glycosomes and myoglobin found, within the muscle fiber? a) Sarcoplasmic reticulum b) Sarcolemma c) Sarcoplasm d) Sarcomysium 31) What releases calcium in the muscle fiber? a) Sarcoplasmic reticulum b) Sarcolemma c) Sarcoplasm d) Sarcomysium ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY EXAM 2—PRACTICE EXAM 32) Where are actin and myosin located? a) Myofibrils b) Myoglobin c) Myofilaments d) None of the above MATCHING (33-38) 33) An anchor for thin filaments a) H zone 34) The light area which is only found in thin b) M line myofilaments, and contains the Z disk as the center 35) An anchor for thick filaments c) Sarcomere 36) From Z-disk to Z-disk d) A band 37) The dark area, which extends the thick e) Z line filaments’ length 38) Found only in thick myofilaments and have f) I band the M line as the center 39) Which of these structures contains heads, which have binding sites for actin and ATP? a) Actin b) Troponin c) Tropomyocin d) Myosin 40) Which of these contains binding sites for myosin heads? a) Actin b) Troponin c) Tropomyocin d) Myosin 41) What makes up actin? a) M actin b) Z actin c) G actin d) L actin 42) Which of these runs along actin and blocks the myosin binding sites on actin during muscle relaxation? a) Actin b) Troponin c) Tropomyocin d) Myosin 43) To what does troponin bind to? a) Calcium b) Tropomyocin c) Actin d) All of the above ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY EXAM 2—PRACTICE EXAM 44) A muscle that opposes/steadies movement is known as… a) Agonist b) Antagonist c) Synergist d) Fixator 45) Which of these help the prime movers by supplying the same movement or preventing unwanted movement? a) Agonist b) Antagonist c) Synergist d) Fixator 46) Which fascicle arrangement has all the fascicles aimed towards a certain tendon? a) Circular b) Convergent c) Parallel d) Pennate 47) The Orbicularis oris is an example of which type of fascicle arrangement? a) Circular b) Convergent c) Parallel d) Pennate 48) Which lever system has the fulcrum in between the lever and the load? a) First class lever b) Second class lever c) Third class lever d) Fourth class lever 49) Which lever system is an example of bicep curls? a) First class lever b) Second class lever c) Third class lever d) Fourth class lever 50) What are the ends of myosin known as? a) The business end b) The progress end c) The alternate end d) The involuntary end 51) What are the 2 structures that run perpendicular to the myofibril called? a) T tubule b) Terminal cisternae c) Triad d) Sarcomere 52) What are the 2 structures that are found at the A/I bands? a) T tubule b) Terminal cisternae c) Triad d) Sarcomere ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY EXAM 2—PRACTICE EXAM 53) What forms when a T-tubule cross between 2 terminal cisternae? a) T tubule b) Terminal cisternae c) Triad d) Sarcomere 54) What is needed to provide energy for contraction? a) Glycosomes b) Calcium c) Mitochondria d) Both A and C 55) Which structures contain acetylcholine? a) Synaptic cleft b) Synaptic vesicles c) Motor end plate d) Junctional folds 56) Which structures contain acetylcholine receptors? a) Synaptic cleft b) Synaptic vesicles c) Motor end plate d) Junctional folds MATCHING (57-60)—How a muscle fiber gets stimulated by a nerve ending 57) Step 1 a) Calcium releases Acetylcholine 58) Step 2 b) Acetylcholine goes through the synaptic cleft and binds to the receptors that are located in the sarcolemma 59) Step 3 c) The action potential arrives at the axon terminal 60) Step 4 d) The calcium channels open, and the calcium enters the axon terminal 61) True or False: the outside of the cell has an overall negative charge, and the inside of the cell has an overall positive charge. a) True b) False 62) When does the refractory period occur? a) During depolarization b) During repolarization c) During the end plate potential d) During hyperpolarization 63) When the potassium channels open and the sodium channels close, is known as what? ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY EXAM 2—PRACTICE EXAM a) Depolarization b) Repolarization c) End plate potential d) Hyperpolarization 64) What provides the energy for contraction? a) Glycosomes b) Mitochondria c) Hydrolysis d) None of the above MATCHING (65-69)—Relaxation period of the muscles 65) Step 1 a) Tropomyocin covers the myosin binding sites on actin, which causes them (actin and myosin) to no longer bind 66) Step 2 b) Calcium is pumped back into the sarcoplasmic reticulum 67) Step 3 c) The voltage channels on axon close 68) Step 4 d) Acetylcholinesterase breaks down the acetylcholine in the synaptic cleft 69) Step 5 e) Calcium unbinds from troponin 70) Which of these is not true about calcium? a) It is released from the sarcoplasmic reticulum b) It is involved in the relaxation process of the muscles c) It causes the release of acetylcholine from the axon terminal d) It aids the Tropomyocin in uncovering the binding sites on actin e) All of the above are true 71) What kind of muscle contraction causes the length of the muscle to stay the same? a) Isotonic b) Concentric c) Eccentric d) Isomeric 72) Put the 3 phases of a muscle twitch in order from first to last. a) Latent period, contraction, relaxation b) Contraction, relaxation, latent period c) Relaxation. Contraction. Latent period d) Contraction, latent period, relaxation 73) How much ATP does the muscle store? a) 2-4 seconds worth b) 4-6 seconds worth c) 6-8 seconds worth d) 8-10 seconds worth ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY EXAM 2—PRACTICE EXAM 74) How much ATP does active muscle fiber need? a) 400 trillion ATP/sec b) 500 trillion ATP/sec c) 600 trillion ATP/sec d) 700 trillion ATP/sec 75) True or False: smooth muscle does not have neuromuscular junctions. a) True b) False 76) True or False: Smooth muscles have sarcomeres. a) True b) False 77) True or False: Smooth muscle contains both Tropomyocin and troponin. a) True b) False ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY EXAM 2—PRACTICE EXAM 1) F 2) E 3) D 4) B 5) G 6) C 7) A 8) C 9) B 10) C 11) D 12) A 13) D 14) A 15) d 16) C 17) D 18) D 19) B 20) C 21) D 22) A 23) A 24) C 25) C 26) B 27) A 28) B 29) C 30) C 31) A 32) C 33) E 34) I 35) B 36) C 37) D 38) A 39) D 40) A 41) C 42) C 43) D 44) B 45) C 46) B ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY EXAM 2—PRACTICE EXAM 47) A 48) A 49) C 50) A 51) B 52) A 53) C 54) D 55) B 56) D 57) C 58) D 59) A 60) B 61) B 62) B 63) B 64) C 65) C 66) D 67) B 68) E 69) A 70) E 71) D 72) A 73) B 74) C 75) A 76) B 77) B
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