CLD 102 Exam #2 Study Guide
CLD 102 Exam #2 Study Guide CLD 102 001
Popular in DYNAMICS-RURAL SOC LIFE
Popular in Community and Leadership Development
This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Tanner Groneck on Sunday October 16, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to CLD 102 001 at University of Kentucky taught by Darryl Anthony Strode in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see DYNAMICS-RURAL SOC LIFE in Community and Leadership Development at University of Kentucky.
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Date Created: 10/16/16
CLD 102 Exam #2 Study Guide Definitions Normative organization organizations in which membership is voluntary and which are joined in order for members to pursue a common interest or to gain personal satisfaction or prestige. Coercive organization total institutions in which membership is typically forced rather than voluntary Minority group a term referring to a category of people differentiated from the social majority Voluntary organization A group of individuals who enter into an agreement Utilitarian organization a group individuals join in order to receive the monetary reward or some other benefit that is offered to members of the organization. Majority group those who hold the majority of positions of social power in a society Intragenerational Mobility refers to changes in someone's social mobility throughout the course of his or her lifetime. Ethnicity the fact or state of belonging to a social group that has a common national or cultural tradition. Race Race is the classification of humans into groups based on physical traits, ancestry, genetics or social relations, or the relations between them. Prejudice preconceived opinion that is not based on reason or actual experience. Discrimination the unjust or prejudicial treatment of different categories of people or things, especially on the grounds of race, age, or sex. Assimilation The process by which a person or persons acquire the social and psychological characteristics of a group Genocide the deliberate killing of a large group of people, especially those of a particular ethnic group or nation. Wealth an abundance of valuable possessions or money. Power the capacity or ability to direct or influence the behavior of others or the course of events. Social Capital the networks of relationships among people who live and work in a particular society, enabling that society to function effectively. Cultural Capital refers to nonfinancial social assets that promote social mobility beyond economic means Marginal Poverty A state of poverty that occurs when a person lacks a stable employment. Intergenerational Mobility Refers to the change that family members make from one social class to another through generations. Social Stratification a society's categorization of people into socioeconomic strata, based upon their occupation and income, wealth and social status, or derived power. Conformity behavior in accordance with socially accepted conventions or standards. InGroup A group to which we feel affinity or closeness. Primary Group a group held together by intimate, facetoface relationships, formed by family and environmental associations and regarded as basic to social life and culture. Formal Rationality refers to the extent of impersonal quantitative calculation (that is, risk assessment) which is possible and applied in provisioning for needs. Status Consistency When an individual’s social status remains consistent with factors such as wealth, occupation, and education. Comparable Worth the principle that men and women should be compensated equally for work requiring comparable skills, responsibilities, and effort. OutGroup A group from which we are disconnected. Reference Group a social group that a person takes as a standard in forming attitudes and behavior. Groupthink the term for group decisions that are made without objective thought Bureaucracy formal organizations that are organized into a hierarchy of smaller are organized into a hierarchy of smaller departments Stereotype a widely held but fixed and oversimplified image or idea of a particular type of person or thing. Racism the belief that all members of each race possess characteristics or abilities specific to that race, especially so as to distinguish it as inferior or superior to another race or races. Segregation the action or state of setting someone or something apart from other people or things or being set apart. Gender the state of being male or female. Sexism Prejudice, stereotyping, or discrimination, typically against women, on the basis of sex. Intersection Theory States that multiple layers of social identity interact with each other to produce new forms of meaning. Glass Elevator Refers to how men in femaledominated careers, such as teaching and nursing, often rise higher and faster than women in maledominated fields. Feminism The advocacy of women's rights on the grounds of political, social, and economic equality to men. Gender Role A set of societal norms dictating the types of behaviors which are generally considered acceptable, appropriate, or desirable for people based on their actual or perceived sex or sexuality. Second Shift The responsibilities of childcare and housework borne disproportionately by women, in addition to their paid labor. Matriarchy a system of society or government ruled by a woman or women. Glass Ceiling The unseen, yet unbreachable barrier that keeps minorities and women from rising to the upper rungs of the corporate ladder, regardless of their qualifications or achievements. Patriarchy a system of society or government in which the father or eldest male is head of the family and descent is traced through the male line. Formal Organization groups created for a certain purpose and built for maximum certain purpose and built for maximum efficiency. Social Class a division of a society based on social and economic status. Income Occupational wages and earnings from investments Organizations an organized body of people with a particular purpose, especially a business, society, association, etc. Relative Poverty Living near the poverty line just above it. Absolute Poverty a condition characterized by severe deprivation of basic human needs, including food, safe drinking water, sanitation facilities, health, shelter, education and information. Dominant Group Not a majority, but group with power, privileges, and social status. Hate Group An organized group or movement that advocates and practices hatred, hostility, or violence towards members of a race, ethnicity, nation, religion, gender, gender identity, sexual orientation or any other designated sector of society. Transitional Poverty a temporary state of poverty that occurs when someone loses a job for a short time. Vertical Mobility involves moving from one social class to another Horizontal Mobility refers to moving within the same status category.
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