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UIUC / Asian American Studies / AAS 100 / What are the contributions of the chinese in san francisco?

What are the contributions of the chinese in san francisco?

What are the contributions of the chinese in san francisco?

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Chapters 9 & 10 Reading Notes


What are the contributions of the chinese in san francisco?



Chapter 9 Notes – San Francisco:  

∙ 1954 – Brown vs. Board of Education – dismantled school segregation  

∙ Chinese –  

- San Francisco’s China Town grew quickly

- in 1849, the residents hired a white attorney  because they thought it was necessary to have one  so he could defend Chinese rights and prosecute  crimes committed by whites against Chinese

- City’s laws regulating Chinese businesses showed a  clear intention to limit Chinese self-determination  and instill economic dependency

- Angel Island – place of interrogation

- Mary Tape – protestor against school segregation  when her daughter was denied admission to an all white school  

- National Dollar Store Strikes  


What are the contributions of the japanese in san francisco?



∙ Japanese –  

- Like the Chinese, Japanese kids were also required  to attend the city’s oriental school and were barred  from public schools – even if they were citizens  - San Francisco – hub for dispersal to jobs  

- 1913 – California passed its first alien land law that  denied “aliens ineligible to citizenship” the right to  own land and restricted land leases to three years ∙ Koreans –  Don't forget about the age old question of What’s anchoring?

- Experienced the same treatment as the Chinese  and Japanese  

∙ South Asians  

- The Ghadar party spread its revolutionary message  to the rural West coast  

- Punjabis (Sikh) – skilled agriculturalists, worked in  lumbar mills and railroads

- Many Punjabi men married Mexican women who  were citizens  


What are the contributions of the filipinos in san francisco?



- Were also victims of the segregation laws

- The US vs. Bhagat Singh Thind case destabilized  normative ideas of race and citizenship  Don't forget about the age old question of What is mark twain known for?

∙ Filipinos  

- Posed another troubling challenge to segregation  because, designated as “nationals” until 1934, they  possessed a freedom of movement that was denied  to other Asians  

- They were able to escape some of the strictures of  Anti-Asian laws and practices  

- Perez vs. Sharp (1948)  

Chapter 10 Notes – Seattle, New York City, Chicago:  

∙ Seattle –  

o Mainly pacific islanders and Asian americans  o Chinese –  

- were the object of racist attacks We also discuss several other topics like How many moles in 4 g of hydrogen ?

- white workers claimed that the Chinese were  illegal immigrants  

- In 1885, riots broke out and Tacoma’s citizens  looted the Chinese homes and stores  

- Dred Scott vs. Sandford (1975)  

- Unite States vs. Harris (1883)  

o Japanese –  

- Like the Chinese, Japanese were also drawn to  port cities by the prospect of works  

- Japanese weren’t allowed in stores and  

restaurants  

- Dawes Act of 1887 – designed to assimilate  

American Indians by giving them arable land,  

opened the reservation to non-Indian settlers  

- Japanese farmers formed families, developed  economic and social organizations, established  

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stores and churches, and sent their children to  the valley’s schools  

o Filipinos –  

- Many of the first Filipinos in Seattle were  

students, both work-study and government  

sponsored  

- In 1932, Filipino men organized the Cannery  Workers’ and Farm Laborers’ Union which  

sought for higher wages and improved  

conditions for the members  

- Since Washington had no miscengation law,  Filipinos were able to marry white or American  Indian wives and thereby to obtain land  

∙ New York City –  Don't forget about the age old question of What are the uses of tener?

o Chinese –  

- Laundry was a huge business for Chinese  

workers  

- In 1930s, more than 70% of working class  

Chinese men toiled in laundries and  

restaurants while most Chinese women  

remained at home  

- In the late nineteenth century, Chinese  

laundrymen were at the forefront of organizing  to advance their interests – formed guilds to  

resolve conflicts and fix their prices  

o Japanese –  

- Encountered the same kind of racism faced by  Chinese  

- Frequent relocations were a way of life for them - Members of the elite helped found the  

Japanese Society in 1907 to promote good will  between the United States and Japan  

o South Asians –  We also discuss several other topics like What is systematic discovery?

- Signed “Asiatic” or “lascar” contracts, which  differed from contracts for European sailors by  specifying the terms: fixed wages for six  

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months to two years, they also worked under  

conditions that the bosses took a portion of  

their wages which led to many suicides at sea  ∙ Chicago –  

o Chinese –  

- After the completion of the transcontinental  railroad in 1869, Chinese from the West arrived in Chicago and by the 1880s a Chinatown  

began to form  

- Laundry business  

o Filipinos –  

- Arrived as early as 1903  

- By 1947, Filipinos were joining the Union at a  rate nearly equal to that of African Americans  

- Pullman Company began hiring Filipino  

attendants for its train cars in 1925  

∙ Segregation and Dependency  

o Was the principal means of securing the economic,  political, and cultural dependency of Pacific  

Islanders and Asians after the period of migrant  labor  

o Asian men, and some women, were employed as  domestic servants, cooks, and laundrymen – jobs  considered women’s work

o Gong Lum v. Rice (1927) – the Supreme Court ruled  that the state possessed the right to segregate  whites from the “brown, yellow and black” races  Don't forget about the age old question of How do we find the certainty equivalent?

o Mendez v. Westminster School District of Orange  County – federal court ruled that the segregation of  Mexican children from white schools denied them  equal protection under the 14th amendment  

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