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Intro to Sociology Midterm Study Guide

by: Leah Notetaker

Intro to Sociology Midterm Study Guide SOC 101- 406 (, Peter Hart-Brinson)

Leah Notetaker

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About this Document

These notes cover what was discussed in intro to sociology as well as the content of You May Ask Yourself Chapters 1-6 and 16. The study guide includes important vocabulary from each chapter to...
Intro to Sociology
Peter K. Hart-Brinson
Study Guide
sociology, Introduction to Sociology, Study Guide
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This 11 page Study Guide was uploaded by Leah Notetaker on Monday October 17, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to SOC 101- 406 (, Peter Hart-Brinson) at University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire taught by Peter K. Hart-Brinson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 166 views.

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Date Created: 10/17/16
Chapter 1 Vocabulary Sociology Sociological Imagination Social Institution Microsociology Macrosociology 1) What is sociology? What are some things that are studied in sociology? (Hint: Parts of our daily lives.) What is the key to sociology? 2) Is the sociological imagination just individual minds added together? Or are there other things which make it up as well? 3) List the four sociological theories which were covered in class and describe each of them. 4) A social institution has positions that reproduce themselves. True False 5) When a social institution changes its name, it loses its social identity. True False 6) Only one sociological theory may be correct. True False 7) Psychology focuses on the individual. True False 8) An immigration policy may be studied in macrosociology. True False Chapter Two Vocabulary Quantitative Methods Qualitative Methods Deductive Approach Inductive Approach 1) Which two methods are used to do sociological research? What are some examples of each? 2) Explain correlation. Which three factors are needed to assert causality? 3) Give some examples as to how evidence is collected. 4) What is the ideological bias of sociology? Why? 5) What are some goals of social science? 6) The inductive approach begins with a theory. True False 7) A hypothesis is a relationship between two variables. True False 8) An example of a qualitative method is an interview. True False 9) Content analysis examines the structure of communication. True False Chapter Four Vocabulary Socialization Total Institution Status Ascribed Achieved Master Role Social Construction of Reality Symbolic Interactionism Dramaturgical Theory Ethnomethodology 1) What is socialization? Who do we learn this from? 2) How does Mead’s Model of Development work regarding the self/identity? Give an example of each category. (Hint: Draw a picture.) 3) What are three truths about the self/ identity? 4) How do the social construction of reality and symbolic interactionism relate? 5) What are the three tenants of symbolic interactionism? 6) Who is the sociologist credited for the dramaturgical theory? Who is the playwright credited? What is an example of this? 7) Genetic factors do not play a role in a person’s identityTrue False 8) Human nature would not exist without socialization. True False 9) Socialization ends when one reaches adulthood. True False 10) We hold many statuses simultaneously. True False 11) Sociologists choose nurture over nature. True False Chapter Five Vocabulary Dyad Triad Small Group Party Large Group Social Network Tie Social Capital Embeddedness Strength of Weak Ties Organization Bureaucracy 1) What are social groups the building blocks of? What are some examples? 2) Explain the role of mediator, tertius gaudens, and divide et impera when it comes to conflict. 3) How do small groups, parties, and large groups differ from each other? 4) Why are weak ties, rather than strong ties, considered to be a social advantage? What might a person gain from weak ties? 5) What are some differences between a formal and an informal organization? 6) List some advantages and disadvantages of a bureaucracy. 7) A triad falls apart if one member decides to leave. True False 8) Conformity is when groups influence individual behavior. True False 9) In-groups often consist of a powerful majority. True False 10) A structural hole is a disadvantage to an individual. True False 11) Peer pressure and network laws govern behavior True False in an organization. Chapter Three Vocabulary Culture Material Culture Non-material Culture Ethnocentrism Ideology Cultural Relativism Norms Values Subculture Reflection Theory Media Hegemony Consumerism Culture Jamming 1) What are the three ways in defining culture? 2) What were some consequences of ethnocentrism? How does cultural relativism differ? Give an example as to when cultural relativism may not be suitable. 3) What is subculture? Give an example. 4) List the four parts of the media life cycle. What are some negative effects of the media in the West? 5) Identify which theory of socialization belongs to the following: hegemony, Reflection theory, and social constructionist. 6) Mount Rushmore is an example of non-material culture. True False 7) The same cultural values are embedded in every culture. True False 8) Examples of media are books, television, CDs, and DVDs. True False 9) Media are a social agent of socialization. True False 10) Adults are the main target of consumerism. True False Chapter Sixteen Vocabulary Religion Theism Ethicalism Animism Secularism Pluralism Religious Experience Reflexive Spirituality Church Sect/Sectarian Group Cult Megachurch 1) What are the three essential ingredients needed to create a religion? 2) How do Durkheim, Marx, and Weber differ in their theories of religion? 3) How was religion used to connect people before America was given national institutions? 4) Explain how religion plays a role in: family, race, gender, class, age, geography, and politics. 5) How can religion be a positive force? A negative force? 6) Islam is the world’s largest religion. True False 7) The United States is far more religious than most industrial nations. True False 8) Liberal churches are fast growing in the United States. True False 9) Sociologists know for sure that there is or is not a God. True False 10) Religion is a powerful part of our daily lives. True False Chapter Six Vocabulary Social Deviance Crime Street Crime White Collar Crime Corporate Crime Social Cohesion Mechanical/ Segmental Solidarity Organic Solidarity Social Control Formal Social Sanctions Informal Social Sanctions Strain Theory Labeling Theory Stigma Broken Windows Theory of Deviance Deterrence Theory Recidivism 1) What is the difference between deviance and crime? 2) What would be the difference between a mechanical solidarity and an organic solidarity when it comes to an individual deviating from the norms? 3) Describe the four types of suicide that Durkheim classified in his Normative Theory of Suicide. 4) Explain the steps of the Labeling Theory. What might labeling lead to in the end? 5) How may deterrence lead to more crimes? And how may prisons breed deviance? How may this be corrected in the American prison system? 6) According to Durkheim’s Paradox, punishment is True False intended for the offender. 7) Deviance is needed in order for society to exist. True False 8) In total institution, one’s daily life is under one authority. True False 9) Stigma surrounds people with mental illnesses. True False 10) Modern punishment targets a person physically in most cases. True False True & False Answers Chapter One: True, False, False, False, True Chapter Two: False, True, True, False Chapter Four: False, True, False, True, False Chapter Five: False, True, True, False, True Chapter Three: False, False, True, True, False Chapter Sixteen: False, True, False, False, True Chapter Six: False, True, True, True, False


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