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Controversies in Public Policy Exam Guide

by: Simone Edwards

Controversies in Public Policy Exam Guide POLS 1030

Marketplace > University of Tennessee - Chattanooga > Political Science > POLS 1030 > Controversies in Public Policy Exam Guide
Simone Edwards
GPA 4.0

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About this Document

This is an exam guide for our first midterm!
Controversies in Public Policy
Dr. Marcus Maudlin
Study Guide
Politics, Public, Policy
50 ?




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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Simone Edwards on Monday October 17, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to POLS 1030 at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga taught by Dr. Marcus Maudlin in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Controversies in Public Policy in Political Science at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga.


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Date Created: 10/17/16
CPP Exam #2 POLS 1030 – Controversies in Public Policy Exam 2 Study Guide The following are likely to be on the exam. Use the articles, notes, and class notes posted on UTC Learn to aid your preparation. There is a discussion board available for you to ask any exam-related questions. 1. Homelessness a. Define-Homelessness is the condition of people without a permanent dwelling, such as a house or apartment. People who are homeless are most often unable to acquire and maintain regular, safe, secure and adequate housing. b. Understand the causes of homelessness- • Recession • Divorce • Single parent families • Inadequate mental health care c. Be familiar with policy initiatives such as “Housing First” and “Rapid Re-Housing” d. Homelessness categories and trends Categories: -Unsheltered individuals -sheltered people in families -unsheltered people in families -sheltered individuals All homeless people: 564,708 Sheltered people: 391,440 Unsheltered people: 173,268 Charts/graphs 2. Police Tactics a. What is “routine activities theory”? b. Different types of police tactics (apprehension, suppression, target hardening) -Avenues for Tactical Development -Remove motivated offender through apprehension tactics -remove the suitable target through target hardening tactics -supply the capable guardianship through suppression tactics Apprehension • Physical evidence • Rapid response • Planned response • Informants • Stakeouts • Surveillance • Decoys • Controlled Buys Suppression • Saturation Patrol • Directed Patrols • Profile interview patrols • Phantom car/Scarecrow car • Checkpoints • Closures • Visible Cameras • Killing Markets Target Hardening • Security Survey • Property Identification • Warning Signs • Community Organization c. Be familiar with controversies such as the “war on law enforcement” and police related shootings/killings. d. Militarization: What does it mean? -it encourages officers to adopt a “warrior” mentality and think of the people they are supposed to serve as enemies. e. What does it mean to re-engineer police culture? 3. Voting Issues a. Opposition and support for Voter ID Laws b. Why are voter IDs needed? 4. Regulating Lobbying a. Iron Triangle b. Perception of Lobbying -lobbyists tell politicians how to vote/what to do/to ignore the people and only listen to them c. Roles of Lobbyists -Strategic attempts to influence public policy -monitoring what policymakers are doing -supplying information to policymakers -maintaining good relationship with public officials and other lobbyists -networking-most important job d. Ethical issues related to Lobbying -Ethics -Do lobbyists gain unfair access to politicians and bureaucrats? -Are lobbyists too influential on political and/or policy issues? -Optics vs. Reality (see pg. 299) -"Shadow" Lobbyists e. Shadow Lobbying -people who are engaged in lobbying activity, but not registered as a lobbyist--in most states lobbyists have to registered and maybe even certified -only need to be registered so can keep tabs on activities 5. Toxic Chemical Regulation a. What is a toxic chemical-The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) defines a toxic chemical as any substance which may be harmful to the environment or hazardous to your health if inhaled, ingested or absorbed through the skin. b. Understand the issues associated with the 3M case-rewatch video c. Cap and Trade policies as a solution to pollution -role of EPA: regulate, force regulation, write regulations for manufacturers, people in general, companies, anybody who could possibly be affected or can affect environment in any way--- rulemaking agency d. Tenets of the Toxic Substances Control Act, the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act: • Mandatory requirement for EPA to evaluate existing chemicals with clear and enforceable deadlines; • New risk-based safety standard; • Increased public transparency for chemical information; and • Consistent source of funding for EPA to carry out the responsibilities under the new law. e. Role of the EPA -role of EPA: regulate, force regulation, write regulations for manufacturers, people in general, companies, anybody who could possibly be affected or can affect environment in any way--- rulemaking agency -RCRA-Resource Conservation and Recovery Act-act that gives EPA power to regulate the environment; serves as framework dealing with disposal and management of toxic waste; one element of RCRA is monitoring, reporting


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