Socl 100 SOCL 100 009
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Mohammed Salman Bu Abdal on Monday October 17, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to SOCL 100 009 at Western Kentucky University taught by James W. Kanan in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see INTRODUCTORY SOCIOLOGY in Sociology at Western Kentucky University.
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Date Created: 10/17/16
Socl 100 Exam Two: Thing to Know >>Social Control, Deviance, and Crime • What was Asch’s line experiment and what did it reveal in terms of conformity? • What is groupthink and how is it related to conformity? • Know what social control is and the differences between informal and formal social control. • Know what deviance refers to, including differences between absolute and relative deviance. • What are the major data sources for crime in the U.S.? • How do rates of violent crime in TN compare with states like New York, California, Texas, and Missouri? • What do trend lines for crime in the U.S. look like over the past two decades? • How are age, sex, and race related to crime rates in the U.S.? • Know the 4 purposes of punishment. • How does the U.S. compare with the rest of the world in terms of incarceration? • Know how functionalism explains deviance, including the functions of deviance. • Know how conflict theory explains deviance. >>Social Stratification • Know the difference between social differentiation and social stratification. • Know the three bases or dimensions of stratification in the U.S. • Know the three types of authority and examples of each. • Know what professions are the highest compensated in the U.S. • Know what prestige is and the primary way that it is obtained. • Know the difference between wealth and income. • Know the general distribution of wealth in the U.S.. For instance, about how much is controlled by the top vs. the bottom? • How do functionalists explain stratification? • Know the conflict explanation for stratification. >>Videos • Know the relationship between the ideal, believed, and actual distribution of wealth in America as presented in the Wealth Inequality in America video. • Know the main point from the TED lecture regarding the impact of inequality on measures of societal well-‐being. • How does wealth and the simulation of wealth appear to affect attitudes and behavior? (hint: Monopoly game and drivers stopping for pedestrians) • What is social class? • What are important differences between upper, middle, and lower classes? • What part does education play in the different class groups? • How does the Census Bureau define poverty? • What is the approximate poverty line for a family of 4 (two adults, two children) ? • How age, gender, and race related to poverty rates? • Know the three major misconceptions about poverty in the U.S. and why they are misconceptions. • What is social mobility like in the U.S. over the past couple of decades? • What factor appears to be very important for upward mobility for people born in lower classes? >>Race and Ethnicity • Know definitions of race and ethnicity. • What is the social construction of race? • How does race/ethnicity affect measures of well-‐being like income, life expectancy, and infant mortality? • What is prejudice? What is discrimination? • How has racism played into research into anti-‐black sentiments, stereotypes and crime, harshness of punishments, and attitudes about voter id laws. • How are individual and institutional discrimination different? • What is privilege? • Know the major forms of assimilation-‐based patterns of group co-‐existence. • Know the forms of conflict-‐based patterns of group co-‐existence. >>Sex and Gender • Know the difference between sex and gender. • Know differences between primary and secondary sex characteristics. • Remember the conclusions from the “Advantages and Disadvantages of being male or female in society” exercise. • Know gender roles, gender identity concepts. • How do functionalists explain gender stratification? • How does conflict theory explain gender stratification? • What are the three waves of feminism and what does each represent? • What is the gender pay gap and where is it in 2012? • Why is the gender pay gap for Blacks and Hispanics less than that for whites? • How do we explain the gender pay gap? • How does a college education affect the pay gap? • What is the glass ceiling and glass escalator?
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