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Study Guide for Test 2

by: Stephanie Lawrence

Study Guide for Test 2 ANTH 1115-001

Stephanie Lawrence


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Study Guide for Test 2
Caribbean and Post-Colonial
Professor Roland
Study Guide
Caribbean, study, guide
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Stephanie Lawrence on Monday October 17, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to ANTH 1115-001 at University of Colorado at Boulder taught by Professor Roland in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 38 views.


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Date Created: 10/17/16
The Caribbean Study Guide – Test #2 (10%) Format: (1) Fill in the blank (NO battery), (2) Multiple Choice, (3) True/False Content: Thomas, Ulysse, Ho, Chevannes, Module 3 Lectures 1. What has “creole” come to mean in Jamaica (and elsewhere in the Caribbeanin the post- independence period? (Thomas, p. 344; Ulysse, p. 150) ~ Creole is used differently in this section *talking about black majority or used as a mixture ~New meaning of creole has to do with rising nationalism *who belongs to the nation 2. What has been the significance of Jamaica’s peasantry historically (per Jamaica’s Jubileeand into the present? What role did female peasants play? (Thomas, p. 338-45) ~ Jamaica’s Jubilee (respectable citizen) ~Peasantry has historically been a path to respectability *owning land, etc. ~Present: respectable path is avoided—> don’t like respectability ~Female peasants (higglers)—> coming to the main city to sell at market, play the central part in the peasant economy due to the men being absent 3. How do Informal Commercial Importers (ICIs) compare/contrast to higglers? (Ulysse, pp. 158-59) ~ICI represent hagglers legacy, big happy jolly people, loud ~Higglers never crossed the fixed social lines because she knew her place, doing woman’s kind of work and never went out of her class, residential in mountains ~ICI are daring and doing men’s work—> breaking grules, going across color, gender, and social lines 4. How is race/color constructed in Jamaica? What are some of the gendered implications of that construction? How has Kingston’s spatial/geographic arrangement reinforced those hierarchies? (Ulysse, pp.148-49) ~ Race and Color constructed in Jamaica—> the lighter the better, light to dark racial construction, also constructed around class lines ~Kingston—> Uptown: lighter complexion, upper class, ladies Downtown: darker complexion, lower class, women 5. How does Thomas concept of “modern blackness” relate to what she calls “radical consumerism?” (Thomas, p. 333, 348, 352) ~ modern blackness is the contemporary of upward mobility that by passes middle class values for ~young people today are achieving mobility through the creative power of consumption ~spending like crazy ~modern blackness incorporates consumption 6. In what ways did the significance of social respectability change in Jamaican society between 1898 and 1998? (Thomas, p. 338-45) ~social respectability as soon as slavery has end and how they are going to become upwardly mobile ~now—> younger generations want nothing to do with respectability and celebrate modern blackness, want the respect of current generation and social group What does popular culture mean according to Ho? What is the relationship between popular 7. culture and hegemony? (Ho, pp. 4-5) ~pop culture is cultural struggle between groups (not equal in power) over identity and representation issues—> process of resistance where ordinary people creativity use cultural forms to challenge ~Without force ~ coming from the underside (subordinate) becomes popular and hegemony takes over and makes it lose its power ~hegemony buries the truth 8. In what ways can Rastafarianism and Dancehall be considered popular cultures? In what ways have each interacted with hegemonic power? (Ho, pp. 4-5; Thomas, p. 348-49; Ulysse, p. 157; Chevannes pp. 14-16) ~ Rasta and dancehall are forms of pop culture and resisting power *Rasta does it by smoking and dreadlocks (no european values) -most of at meanings have become hegemonic has taken the power away from rasta *Dancehall against respectable -couter hegemonic move by not looking at the future by 9. Identify 3 major cultural groups that have contributed to Trinidad’s cultural identity (especially via Carnival)?(Ho, pp. 5-6) ~ Indians (SouthAsians) ~French Catholics ~Africans/Blacks (creoles) *everyone pissed off at the British 10. What two ethnic groups comprise the majority of the population in Trinidad? What is the nature of relations between these two groups? What other country in the Western hemisphere has a comparable ethnic composition? (Ho, p. 6; Day 16 lecture) ~ Indians (predominate) the Blacks *Nature-> relations is tense because blacks are a numerical minority but the majority of white collar jobs while indians work in agriculture and sustain country economically *Indians are blocked from the civil systems because they are not seen as creolized ~Guiyana—> because only black and indian, does not have groups to buffer the conflicts 11. Identify the 3 major (musical) components of Carnival? Identify one feature of each(Ho p. 3, 7-8, 12) ~ Mas ~Pan ~Calypso 12. What are the origins of Revivalism, in terms of (1) religious practice (i.e., belief system and rituals); (2) Jamaican geography (i.e., rural or urban); (3) gender dynamics? (Chevannes, pp. 5-6) 1. Myalism and early baptists 2. country practice and did spread to urban but primarily rural 3. women were predominate 13. What is the status of Revivalism today(be prepared to explain your ans(Chevannes, pp. 6-8) ~today rev. has become incorporated into europeans christian churches like theAME Zion, Pentecostalism, and Evangelicalism 14. What are the origins of Rastafarianism, in terms of (1) religious practice (i.e., belief system and rituals); (2) Jamaican geography (i.e., rural or urban); (3) gender dynamics? (Chevannes, pp. 9-17) 1. found favor in Marcus Garvey’s words in black pride and going back toAfrica, prophet 2.urban 3.males 15. Who was Marcus Garvey and what is his significance to Rastafarians? Who was Ras Tafari and what is his significance to Rastafarians? (Chevannes, pp. 9-10) ~Marcus Garvey is the prophet and phrofecized a black king and colonizedAfrica ~Ras Tafari is king/god he is the black messiah ~Wear dreadlocks because they want to show anti 16. What is the status of Rastafarianism today? (Chevannes, pp. 15-16) ~diminishing true pasta meaning ~being spread world wide through reggae ~woman are being a big role ~hegemoney taking over original meaning *In the orthodox for women are seen as a dominated group in a black power world—> TRUE *What cultural construction?—> race, RELIGION, and GENDER


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