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UT / History / HIS 301 / draco and solon

draco and solon

draco and solon

Description

School: University of Texas at Austin
Department: History
Course: Introduction to Ancient Greece
Professor: Stephanie craven
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: draco, solon, perikles, Persian War, Peloponnesian War, oresteia, and democracy
Cost: 50
Name: CC301 Intro to Ancient Greece, Study Guide
Description: This study guide covers what is going to be on our second midterm, which is Friday, October 28th. It goes over people, literature, and new concepts during this time in Ancient Greece.
Uploaded: 10/20/2016
6 Pages 7 Views 11 Unlocks
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Study Guide 2


Who is Herodotus?



Wednesday, October 19, 2016 11:43 PM

PEOPLE

I. Draco

a. Lawgiver: Athens

b. Emphasizes rights of victim's family to pursue revenge

II. Solon

a. Lawgiver: Athens

b. Property law 

i. Family law 

ii. Status of debtors - "shaking off" of debt 

III. Lycurgus

a. Lawgiver: Sparta

b. Began agoge

i. Military training facility for boys 

IV. Cyrus the Great

a. Persian king (r. 559-530)

b. 546: conquers Lydia (Creosus king)

c. "happiest man" dialogue with Solon

V. Cambyses II

a. Persian king (r. 530-522)

b. Conquers Egypt 

VI. Darius I

a. Persian king (r. 522-486)

b. Began Satrapy system 

i. Almost feudal

c. Administrative reform 

d. "Darius the Shopkeeper"

VII. Herodotus

a. Father of historia (from inquiry)


How to start a colony?



b. Elements

i. Different sources

ii. Travel

iii. Juxtaposition of competing stories

iv. Use of own reasoning

VIII. Hippias

a. Tyrant of Athens(w/ brother Hipparchos) We also discuss several other topics like steven clark ucr

b. Sides with Persians in Persian War 

IX. Pheidippides

a. Ran to Sparta and back from Marathon 

b. Met with Pan in Arkadia

X. Themistocles

a. From Athens

b. Built naval ships

c. Directed many naval battles in the Persian War 

XI. Xerxes I

a. Persian king (r. 486-465)

b. During 2nd Persian War

c. Hellespont: Pontoon bridge 

i. Put ships together to build a road over

 Midterm 2 - Lecture Notes Page 1

b. During 2nd Persian War

c. Hellespont: Pontoon bridge 

i. Put ships together to build a road over

ii. First of its kind

d. Built a canal at Mount Athos 


What are the types of athenian judicial system?



XII. Peisistratos

a. Tyrant of Athens (r. 546-527)

b. Building and improvements 

c. Patron of poets

d. Began democracy

e. Established theater at Athens 

XIII. Hipparchos

a. Tyrant of Athens (r. 527-514)

b. Ruled with brother (Hippias) 

c. Assassinated in 514

XIV. Kleisthenes

a. Tyrant of Athens (r. 509-)

b. Overthrows Hippias 

c. From an Alkmaionid (aristocratic family)

d. Reforms democracy 

XV. Aeschylus Don't forget about the age old question of mindtap

a. Wrote "slices of fish from the banquet of Homer

b. Tragedian

c. Wrote The Persians, The Oresteia 

d. Dies at Syracuse

i. Legend: eagle dropped a turtle on his bald head

XVI. Sophocles

a. Tragedian

XVII. Euripedes

a. Tragedian

XVIII. Perikles

a. Reforms of Areopagus

b. Athenian general (strategos) 

c. Reforms of democracy

d. Aristocratic background

e. Killed by plague

XIX. Asasia

a. From Miletos

b. Girlfriend of Perikles 

c. Can't marry

i. She isn't a citizen

XX. Thucydides

a. Writes the funeral oration 

b. Writes account of the plague 

WARS

I. Persian Wars (Achaimenid Empire)

a. The Battle of Marathon (490)

i. Spartans absent 

ii. Against Athenians and Plataeans

iii. Marathonomachoi

1) The people that fought at Marathon If you want to learn more check out What could be the reason that could be there?

b. Hoplite warfare 

i. Helmet

ii. Shield (wooden)

 Midterm 2 - Lecture Notes Page 2

ii. Shield (wooden)

iii. Bronze cuirass

iv. Bronze greaves

v. Thrusting spear

1) Metal top and bottom

vi. Short iron sword (thrusting)

vii. Phalanx 

viii. "Men of Bronze"

II. Peloponnesian War

NEW CONCEPTS

I. Polis

a. How to start one

i. Colony - from a metropolis (mother city)

1) Religious reasons 

a) Oracle of Delphi

2) Sunoikism 

a) When multiple villages get together to form a polis

ii. Conquest 

iii. Common religion 

1) City cults

2) Festivals with feasting

iv. Common laws 

1) Lawgiver traditions

2) Laws that everybody follows

3) Posting of laws in public areas

b. Parts of one

i. Acropolis 

1) High city

2) At the top

ii. Asty 

1) Main city (everyday life)

2) Agora

a) Prytaneion

b) Bouleterion

i) Council

c) Theater

i) For assemblies

d) Temples

e) Stoas

iii. Chora 

1) Surrounding countryside

2) Includes the harbor

3) Agricultural

4) Hardest part to control and maintain

II. Democracy

a. Legislative 

i. Ekklesia: all male citizens 

1) Taxes and laws

2) Declarations of war

ii. Boule: 500 members, 50 from each tribe each year 

1) Redact laws

iii. Nomothetai 

1) Drafted laws

b. Administrative 

 Midterm 2 - Lecture Notes Page 3 If you want to learn more check out art 1030 cc

b. Administrative 

i. Nine archons 

1) Eponymous archon

2) Archon basileus: religion

3) Polemarch : war and foreigners

4) Thesmothetai: keepers of the laws

ii. Other positions

1) By lot or election

c. Judicial 

i. Juries of citizens 

III. Athenian Judicial System

a. Types of cases

i. Homicide

ii. Violations of sacred laws

iii. Lawsuits

iv. Inheritance claims

v. Fitness assessment/malfeasance (officials)

b. Procedure 

i. Prosecutor speaks first 

ii. Defendant speaks second 

iii. Reading of laws and/or documents 

iv. Witnesses 

1) Questioning witnesses in court 

2) Reading statements from absent witnesses (women/ non-citizens could not  attend) 

3) Presenting information from slave torture 

IV. Athenian Architecture

a. Acropolis If you want to learn more check out gender identity refers to quizlet

i. Parthenon - Doric temple

ii. Erechtheion

1) Cult center of Acropolis

iii. Propylaia

1) Entry for Panathenaia

b. Themistoklean Wall 

i. Built quickly 

ii. Emergency building gives way to planned building

iii. Gravestone style changes

V. Athenian Art

a. Artistic style of human form changes

i. Archaic: severe, stiff, not quite 3 dimensions

ii. Classical: more naturalistic and flowing

VI. Attic Tragedy/Theater

a. Began at celebrations of Dionysos 

b. Epidaurus

i. Theater on natural hillside We also discuss several other topics like contemporary economic issues by mathews and patrono pdf

ii. Rounded orchestra in front of stge

c. Tragedies

i. Epic/mythological subjects

ii. Performed as trilogies 

1) Three tragedies

2) One stayr play (comedy)

d. The chorus

i. Singing and dancing

ii. Members of the community of the play

 Midterm 2 - Lecture Notes Page 4

ii. Members of the community of the play

e. How to show murder

i. Shouting offstage

ii. Chorus in disarray

iii. Ekkuklema: staging the murdered bodies

LITERATURE

I. Oresteia

a. The themes:

i. Role of fate

ii. Women and gender

iii. Revenge vs. justice

b. Cycle of wrongs 

i. Helen

ii. Iphigeneia

iii. Tantalus

iv. Atreus and Thyestes

c. Agamemnon

i. Opening: watchman

ii. Sacrifice of Iphigeneia at Aulis

iii. Messenger arrives

iv. Agamemnon enters with Cassandra

d. Libation Bearers

i. 7 years after Agamemnon

ii. Arrival of Orestes

iii. Electra (sister of Orestes)

iv. Recognitions

v. Orestes kills Clytemnestra

e. The Eumenides

i. The Furies

ii. At Apollo's temple at Delphi

iii. Moves to temple of Athena at Athens

iv. Orestes on trial

1) Orestes = defendant

2) Erinyes (Furies) = prosecutors

3) Apollo = Orestes' lawyer

4) Athena = judge

5) Athenian citizens = jury

II. On the Murder of Eratosthenes

a. Details trail of Ephialtes 

b. Lysias: Logographer/ recorder

c. Role of women

i. Stay in the house except for big events

ii. Mechanism for passing property on

iii. Don't have sexual agency or desire

d. Argument: rape vs. seduction

i. Seizure of the body vs. corruption of the soul

ii. Adulterers = systemic danger to community

III. Funeral Oration

a. After the first battles of the Peloponnesian War 

b. Themes

i. Role of praise 

1) Jealousy among contemporaries

2) Exaggeration for posterity

ii. Trying to create paradigms 

 Midterm 2 - Lecture Notes Page 5

ii. Trying to create paradigms 

iii. Athenian exceptionalism: The School of Hellas 

1) Ancestry

2) Form of government

3) Military strength

4) Culture

iv. The War Dead 

1) Anonymous heroes

v. Advice for the living 

1) Surviving soldiers: open your eyes and think of Athens

2) Families: have more sons or enjoy your son's fame

3) Women: keep being anonymous

 Midterm 2 - Lecture Notes Page 6

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