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FSU / Process Biology / PCB 4701 / Describe ion channels in three states.

Describe ion channels in three states.

Describe ion channels in three states.

Description

School: Florida State University
Department: Process Biology
Course: Human Physiology
Professor: Debra fadool
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Human and Physiology
Cost: 25
Name: Human Phsyiology, Lecture 5 Notes. 9/15/16
Description: These notes cover action potentials, gap junctions, and how pre-synaptic terminals work
Uploaded: 10/20/2016
4 Pages 181 Views 0 Unlocks
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"}.lst-kix_8oha2b2mvb12-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_8oha2b2mvb12-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_1sf6pyqu76w-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_1sf6pyqu76w-2 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_wnus7u8ms063-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_wnus7u8ms063-1 0}.lst-kix_l61kkzpajpx1-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-3,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_l61kkzpajpx1-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_8oha2b2mvb12-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-2,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_1sf6pyqu76w-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_l61kkzpajpx1-0 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_myb8hbtophc2-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_8oha2b2mvb12-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_8oha2b2mvb12-2 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_myb8hbtophc2-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_1sf6pyqu76w-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_1sf6pyqu76w-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_l61kkzpajpx1-1 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_myb8hbtophc2-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_wnus7u8ms063-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_wnus7u8ms063-5,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_wnus7u8ms063-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_wnus7u8ms063-7,lower-roman) ". "}ul.lst-kix_myb8hbtophc2-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_1sf6pyqu76w-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_1sf6pyqu76w-7 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_myb8hbtophc2-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_8oha2b2mvb12-3 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_myb8hbtophc2-8{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_wnus7u8ms063-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_wnus7u8ms063-7 0}.lst-kix_wnus7u8ms063-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_wnus7u8ms063-4,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_wnus7u8ms063-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_wnus7u8ms063-8,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-7}.lst-kix_l61kkzpajpx1-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_l61kkzpajpx1-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_l61kkzpajpx1-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_8oha2b2mvb12-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-4}.lst-kix_wnus7u8ms063-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_wnus7u8ms063-6,lower-latin) ". "}ol.lst-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-3 0}.lst-kix_on4f0opgbuux-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_on4f0opgbuux-7}.lst-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-3}ol.lst-kix_on4f0opgbuux-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_on4f0opgbuux-4 0}ol.lst-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-1 0}ol.lst-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-7 0}.lst-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-6}.lst-kix_8oha2b2mvb12-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-8}.lst-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-3}.lst-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-2}.lst-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-3}ol.lst-kix_on4f0opgbuux-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_on4f0opgbuux-5 0}ul.lst-kix_39wbrjwza3t-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_39wbrjwza3t-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_39wbrjwza3t-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_39wbrjwza3t-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_wnus7u8ms063-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_wnus7u8ms063-6 0}ul.lst-kix_39wbrjwza3t-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_39wbrjwza3t-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_wnus7u8ms063-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_wnus7u8ms063-8}.lst-kix_on4f0opgbuux-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_on4f0opgbuux-0}ol.lst-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-8 0}.lst-kix_wnus7u8ms063-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_wnus7u8ms063-4}.lst-kix_1sf6pyqu76w-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-2 0}ul.lst-kix_myb8hbtophc2-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_myb8hbtophc2-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_myb8hbtophc2-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-5,decimal) ". "}ul.lst-kix_39wbrjwza3t-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-4,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-8,decimal) ". "}ul.lst-kix_39wbrjwza3t-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_39wbrjwza3t-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-7,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-6,lower-latin) ". "}ul.lst-kix_8oha2b2mvb12-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_8oha2b2mvb12-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_on4f0opgbuux-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_on4f0opgbuux-0 0}ul.lst-kix_8oha2b2mvb12-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_8oha2b2mvb12-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_8oha2b2mvb12-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_8oha2b2mvb12-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_8oha2b2mvb12-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_8oha2b2mvb12-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_8oha2b2mvb12-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_on4f0opgbuux-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_on4f0opgbuux-2}.lst-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-1}.lst-kix_on4f0opgbuux-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_on4f0opgbuux-3}ol.lst-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-7 0}ol.lst-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-2 0}ol.lst-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_1sf6pyqu76w-8{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_1sf6pyqu76w-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_1sf6pyqu76w-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_1sf6pyqu76w-5{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_1sf6pyqu76w-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-0 0}ol.lst-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_1sf6pyqu76w-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_1sf6pyqu76w-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_1sf6pyqu76w-1{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_1sf6pyqu76w-0{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-8 0}ol.lst-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-6 0}ol.lst-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-5 0}ol.lst-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-1{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-0{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-5{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_wnus7u8ms063-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_wnus7u8ms063-2}ol.lst-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_on4f0opgbuux-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_on4f0opgbuux-1}ol.lst-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-5}.lst-kix_wnus7u8ms063-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_wnus7u8ms063-3}ol.lst-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-4 0}ol.lst-kix_on4f0opgbuux-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_on4f0opgbuux-2 0}.lst-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-6,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-8,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-2}.lst-kix_wnus7u8ms063-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_wnus7u8ms063-1,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_wnus7u8ms063-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_wnus7u8ms063-3,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-8}.lst-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-4}.lst-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-4,lower-latin) ". "}ol.lst-kix_wnus7u8ms063-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_wnus7u8ms063-8 0}.lst-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-2,lower-roman) ". "}ol.lst-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-0{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_on4f0opgbuux-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_on4f0opgbuux-3 0}ol.lst-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-1{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-8 0}ol.lst-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-5{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-8{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-3 0}ol.lst-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-0,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_on4f0opgbuux-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_on4f0opgbuux-8}.lst-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-5}.lst-kix_3ahiiigcxher-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_3ahiiigcxher-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-6}.lst-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-0}.lst-kix_myb8hbtophc2-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_39wbrjwza3t-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_39wbrjwza3t-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_myb8hbtophc2-7 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_on4f0opgbuux-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_on4f0opgbuux-7 0}.lst-kix_3ahiiigcxher-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_3ahiiigcxher-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-6 0}.lst-kix_39wbrjwza3t-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_3ahiiigcxher-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_3ahiiigcxher-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_39wbrjwza3t-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_3ahiiigcxher-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_39wbrjwza3t-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_on4f0opgbuux-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_on4f0opgbuux-8,decimal) ". "}ul.lst-kix_imo4d1esavc-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_imo4d1esavc-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_imo4d1esavc-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_myb8hbtophc2-2 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_imo4d1esavc-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_imo4d1esavc-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_myb8hbtophc2-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_3ahiiigcxher-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_on4f0opgbuux-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_on4f0opgbuux-7,lower-roman) ". "}ul.lst-kix_imo4d1esavc-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_imo4d1esavc-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_39wbrjwza3t-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_myb8hbtophc2-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_wnus7u8ms063-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_wnus7u8ms063-7}.lst-kix_myb8hbtophc2-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_myb8hbtophc2-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-4}.lst-kix_39wbrjwza3t-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_imo4d1esavc-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_imo4d1esavc-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_wnus7u8ms063-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_wnus7u8ms063-4 0}.lst-kix_on4f0opgbuux-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_on4f0opgbuux-0,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-2,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_imo4d1esavc-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_imo4d1esavc-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-0,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-4,lower-latin) ". "}ol.lst-kix_on4f0opgbuux-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_on4f0opgbuux-1 0}.lst-kix_on4f0opgbuux-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_on4f0opgbuux-3,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-1,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-5,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_on4f0opgbuux-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_on4f0opgbuux-4,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-6,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_imo4d1esavc-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_on4f0opgbuux-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_on4f0opgbuux-6,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_imo4d1esavc-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_imo4d1esavc-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_on4f0opgbuux-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_on4f0opgbuux-5,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-7,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_imo4d1esavc-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-2}.lst-kix_wnus7u8ms063-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_wnus7u8ms063-5}.lst-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-6}.lst-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-3}.lst-kix_imo4d1esavc-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_39wbrjwza3t-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_on4f0opgbuux-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_on4f0opgbuux-2,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_imo4d1esavc-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_imo4d1esavc-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_3ahiiigcxher-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_on4f0opgbuux-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_on4f0opgbuux-1,lower-roman) ". "}ol.lst-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-0 0}.lst-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-3,decimal) ". "}ol.lst-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-4 0}.lst-kix_39wbrjwza3t-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-6,decimal) ". "}ul.lst-kix_3ahiiigcxher-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_3ahiiigcxher-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_3ahiiigcxher-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-8}ul.lst-kix_3ahiiigcxher-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_3ahiiigcxher-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_3ahiiigcxher-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-5,lower-roman) ". "}ul.lst-kix_3ahiiigcxher-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_3ahiiigcxher-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-2,lower-roman) ". "}ul.lst-kix_3ahiiigcxher-0{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-1 0}.lst-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-4,lower-latin) ". "}ol.lst-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-5 0}.lst-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-3,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-4}ol.lst-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-6 0}.lst-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-1,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_on4f0opgbuux-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_on4f0opgbuux-6}.lst-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-0,decimal) ". "}ol.lst-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-7 0}ol.lst-kix_wnus7u8ms063-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_wnus7u8ms063-5 0}ol.lst-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-0 0}.lst-kix_myb8hbtophc2-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_myb8hbtophc2-0 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-4 0}ol.lst-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-5 0}.lst-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-2}.lst-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-8,lower-roman) ". "}ol.lst-kix_on4f0opgbuux-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_on4f0opgbuux-6 0}.lst-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-7,lower-latin) ". "}ol.lst-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-8{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-0 0}.lst-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-0}.lst-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-6}.lst-kix_wnus7u8ms063-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_wnus7u8ms063-0}.lst-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-0}ol.lst-kix_on4f0opgbuux-0{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_on4f0opgbuux-1{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-1 0}ol.lst-kix_on4f0opgbuux-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-3 0}ol.lst-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-3 0}ol.lst-kix_on4f0opgbuux-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_on4f0opgbuux-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_wnus7u8ms063-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_wnus7u8ms063-1}ol.lst-kix_on4f0opgbuux-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_on4f0opgbuux-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-4 0}ol.lst-kix_on4f0opgbuux-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_on4f0opgbuux-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-1}ol.lst-kix_on4f0opgbuux-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_on4f0opgbuux-8 0}.lst-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-0}ol.lst-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-0{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-8}ol.lst-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_wnus7u8ms063-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_wnus7u8ms063-3 0}ol.lst-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-8 0}ol.lst-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_on4f0opgbuux-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_on4f0opgbuux-4}ol.lst-kix_wnus7u8ms063-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_wnus7u8ms063-0 0}.lst-kix_on4f0opgbuux-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_on4f0opgbuux-5}ol.lst-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-5 0}ol.lst-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-2 0}ol.lst-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-2 0}ol.lst-kix_wnus7u8ms063-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_wnus7u8ms063-2 0}.lst-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-8,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-7}.lst-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-5,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-7,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-1}.lst-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_jfmo18bf8vww-7}.lst-kix_wnus7u8ms063-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_wnus7u8ms063-0,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-7}.lst-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-5}ol.lst-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_qtpysipmh5xl-6 0}.lst-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_am6yn52s5s2y-1}ol.lst-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-1 0}.lst-kix_wnus7u8ms063-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_wnus7u8ms063-2,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-3,decimal) ". "}ul.lst-kix_l61kkzpajpx1-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_cfyjuyyvr9cr-1,lower-latin) ". "}ul.lst-kix_l61kkzpajpx1-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_l61kkzpajpx1-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_wnus7u8ms063-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_l61kkzpajpx1-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_l61kkzpajpx1-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_l61kkzpajpx1-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_l61kkzpajpx1-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_wnus7u8ms063-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_l61kkzpajpx1-0{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_wnus7u8ms063-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_l61kkzpajpx1-1{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_wnus7u8ms063-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_wnus7u8ms063-1{list-style-type:none}

Ion channels in 3 states

  • Closed
  • Open
  • Inactivated
  1. K inactivation = ball and chain
  2. Na inactivation = hinged lid

Don't forget about the age old question of What is called the harmonic series?

Characteristics of Action Potentials:

  1. Rapid change in membrane
  2. All - or - more
  3. C1V1 = =
  4. Non - decrementing during propagation
  5. Threshold is isn’t amplitude
  6. Not all cells are electrically excitable to five AP
  • Hyperpolarization = inhibitory
  • Depolarization = excitatory
  1. Propagated unidirectionally down axon to the terminal (due to Na channel rapid inactivation)

Local current:If you want to learn more check out adolacao

 = length constantDon't forget about the age old question of What are the Factors in the effectiveness of imagery?

Distance by which potential / current decays by of original value

  • Local currents decay while AP’s do not

We also discuss several other topics like What is the definition of a sine?

  1. AP’s coordination propagation down length axon with use of local currents in myelinated neurons
  2. Recruitment: compound AP

  • These can get filled with fully deposits as you get old - why you have less E when old
  • Synaptic Transmission:
  • Synapse - site of which on impulse is transmitted from one cell to another
  1. Electrical synapses = gap junction proteins
  2. Chemical synapse = synaptic deft machinery

Don't forget about the age old question of What can make a free woman successful?
Don't forget about the age old question of math 3 ucsc

Gap Junction Proteins

  1. Electrically coupled cells
  2. 6 subunits, double barrel
  3. Twist to gate open conduction pathway
  4. Low resistance pathway for direct current flow
  5. No synaptic delay
  6. Conduction of current in bath directions
  7. Where used:
  1. Autonomic → reflexes, cardiac cells
  2. Smooth muscle networks, gut, uterus
  3. Epithelial cells in legs bend light

     8.   6 subunits - connexin

        2 connexins = double barrel

Synaptic Cleft Machinery

  • Otto Loewi experiment (1921)
  • Discovery of 1rst neurotransmitters
  • When he stimulated the vogus the nerve released chemical into saline which allowed heat to bear

  • NNS = neural - neural junction
  • NMJ = neural - muscular junction
  • Synaptic delay
  1. Simple diffusion
  2. Slow voltage gated Ca2+ channel

Pre - symptic

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