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PNW / Educational Psychology / EPSY 120000 / Enumerate the 4 goals of psychology and psychological research.

Enumerate the 4 goals of psychology and psychological research.

Enumerate the 4 goals of psychology and psychological research.

Description

School: Purdue University Calumet
Department: Educational Psychology
Course: Elementary Psychology
Professor: January
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: psych and 120
Cost: 50
Name: psychology study guide exam #1
Description: This study guide contains information covering chapters 1-4
Uploaded: 10/22/2016
4 Pages 37 Views 1 Unlocks
Reviews


Test #1 


Enumerate the 4 goals of psychology and psychological research.



Study guide

Psychology and Psychology Methods (Chapters 1 & 2) 

▪ Structuralism vs. Functionalism

▪ Freud and Clinical Psychology

▪ Behaviorism

o Skinner

o Watson

▪ Other areas of psychology

o Cognitive Psychology

o Cultural Psychology

o Social Psychology

▪ 4 Goals of psychology and psychological research

▪ Understand & provide examples:

o Hindsight bias

o Overconfidence


What is the difference between structuralism and functionalism?



o Confirmation bias

o False consensus

o Illusory correlation

▪ The scientific method

o Hypothesis

▪ IV

▪ DV

▪ Operational definition

o Study design

▪ Naturalistic observation

▪ Case study

▪ Survey

▪ Correlational method

▪ Experimental design

● Random Assignment

● Control group vs. Experimental group

o Analyze data


What are the other areas of psychology?



We also discuss several other topics like How often do you deliberately seek out viewpoints opposed to /different than own?

▪ Correlational coefficient (also​ know how to interpret a value) ▪ Mean

▪ Median

▪ Mode

o Random Sampling

o Confounding variable/ 3rd variable

o Correlation vs causation

▪ Reliability

▪ Validity

o Interval vs. External Validity

Neuroscience and Behavior (Chapter 3) 

▪ Brain plasticity

▪ Action Potential

▪ Know the parts of a neuron (be able to label the parts), and describe what each does o Soma (cell body) If you want to learn more check out What is the first law of thermodynamic?

o Dendrites

o Myelin sheath

o Axon

o Nucleus

o synapse

▪ Brain plasticity

▪ Action Potential

o threshold We also discuss several other topics like South carolina is divided into two lambert zones. what are they?

o Refractory period

▪ Cortical Functions

o Frontal lobe

o Occipital lobe We also discuss several other topics like What is the process of defining the self?

o Parietal lobe

o Temporal lobe

o Wernicke’s area

o Broca’s area

▪ Lateralization

▪ Localization

▪ Neurotransmitters

o Serotonin

o Acetylcholine

o Norepinephrine

o Dopamine

▪ Central Nervous System (CNS) vs Peripheral Nervous System (PNS) ▪ Divisions of the PNS

▪ Endocrine System

▪ Methods of studying/learning about brain and behavior

▪ Brain structures: Describe:

o Subcortical

▪ Brain stem

▪ Thalamus

▪ Cerebellum

▪ Limbic system

● Hypothalamus

● Pituitary gland

● Amygdala We also discuss several other topics like What is renaissance in french?

● Hippocampus

Sensation and Perception (Chapter 4) 

▪ Sensation vs Perception

▪ Psychophysics

o Absolute threshold

o Difference threshold / just noticeable difference

o Weber’s Law

▪ Signal Detection Theory

▪ Sensory Adaptation

▪ Characteristics of Sound Waves and Lightwaves

▪ Locate and describe:

o Lens

o Retina

▪ Rods

▪ Cones

o Fovea

o Blind spot

o Optic nerve

o Thalamus

o Visual Cortex

o Outer ear

o Middle Ear

▪ Hammer, anvil, stirrup

o Inner Ear

▪ Cochlea

▪ Basilar membrane

▪ Trichromatic theory of color vision vs Opponent Process theory of color vision ▪ Selective attention

o Inattentional blindness

o Change blindness

▪ Gestalt psychologists We also discuss several other topics like What is the importance of the unconscious and childhood relationships in shaping personality?

o Proximity, similarity, continuity, connectedness and closure

▪ Binocular visual cues

o Convergence

o Retinal disparity

▪ Monocular Cues

o Relative size

o Interposition

o Relative clarity

o Texture Gradient

o Relative height

o Relative motion

o Linear perspective

▪ Perceptual constancy

▪ Chemical Senses

o Taste

o Smell

▪ Sense of touch

o Receptors for touch

o Pain

o Kinesthetic awareness and Balance

Consciousness: 

▪ Continuums of consciousness

o Agency vs. Experience

▪ Basic properties of consciousness

▪ Levels of consciousness

▪ Circadian rhythm

▪ Stages of sleep and REM

▪ Sleep disorders

▪ Dream theories

▪ Psychoactive drugs:

o Tolerance

o Withdrawal

o Psychological dependence o Physical dependence

o Addiction

o Depressants

o Stimulants

o Hallucinogens

▪ Effects of sleep deprivation

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