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How long is the french revolution?

How long is the french revolution?

Description

School: 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months
Department: History
Course: Western Civilization to Date
Professor: Bryan glass
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: westerncivilizationto1715week8, week8, history, mariantoinette, kingxvi, FrenchRevolution, texasstateuniversity, bryanglassnotes, internationalstudies, internationalbusiness, letthemeatcake, deathofmarat, guillotine, and maricelaelitenotetaker
Cost: 25
Name: Week 8 Western Civ
Description: Good evening everyone, here are the notes for week 8! Hopefully we will expect our midterms within the next 2 weeks or so, have a safe and great weekend! Homecoming!
Uploaded: 10/22/2016
4 Pages 40 Views 1 Unlocks
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HIST 2320.001 WESTERN CIVILIZATION 1715 TO PRESENT WEEK 8 10/17/2016 


How long is the french revolution?



~MIDTERM~  

10/19/2016 

Recap: Midterm last class. We will discuss the following today and next week:  ❖ 10.19-French Revolution

❖ 10.24-Napoleon

❖ 10.26-Industrial Revolution

FRENCH REVOLUTION 

⮚ (Revisit): The British had spent too much money on the Seven Years War, and rather than  finding a reasonable way to pay for the war they put taxes on the colonists.  o The colonist’s response: no taxation without representation

o King George doesn’t care

o The colonist’s response: Declaration of Independence.  


What is the common sense by thomas paine?



o All the colonists had wanted was representation in the British parliament. o Americans were the most literate in the world at this time.  Don't forget about the age old question of When is the difference between langue vs. parole or competence vs. performance?

▪ they’re reading documents such as: Common Sense 1776 Thomas Paine • propaganda piece;  

• enlightenment ideas are fresh today as they were in 1776. The only  

difference is that nowadays when we say We the People we are  

talking about everyone rather than just the white people as it was in  

the past.  

• The enlightenment concept is that everyone is equal.

• T-Pain (Thomas Paine)—British


When does the united states declare war on the british?



If you want to learn more check out When was the first crop duster invented?

• Criticizes everyone, finds problems everywhere he goes. He’s  

never happy.  

▪ The Unites States declared war on the British. (1812)

• Battle of NOLA where Andrew Jackson annihilates the British  

forces, and thereafter the US got stronger and stronger until the  

Civil War.

• The French played a big role in helping the U.S. win  

independence.

o Financed

o Battleships

o Blockaded the British: Yorktown, the French blocked the  

British

o Costed the French lots of money

HIST 2320.001 WESTERN CIVILIZATION 1715 TO PRESENT WEEK 8

⮚ Louis XVI (French)—Marie 

Antoinette (Austria)  

oAustria use to be an enemy of  

France.

oMarrying her was a big mistake in  

terms of political perspective, but he  We also discuss several other topics like How do you find the bonding atomic radius?

did in terms of improving relations.

oThey can’t have any children at the  

beginning because of Louis’ erectile  

dysfunction. Marie was considered the  

most beautiful women at the time, but  

was being blamed. This goes on for  

years until finally, he has a surgery  

that fixed everything.

⮚ Samuel Pepys If you want to learn more check out How many ribosomes can attach to a single mrna strand created that is a polyribosome?

o Kept a diary

o There’s a biography by Claire Tomalin saying  If you want to learn more check out What causes movement along the ad curve?

that he had constant kidney stones, so much so  

that when he would get them it would  

incapacitate him. He decided to have surgery. He  

survived but it was a lot of pain.  

⮚ Marie Antoinette continued… She gets pregnant but still

isn’t liked because she was Austrian and she wasn’t  We also discuss several other topics like How is global hegemony built in three easy steps?

getting pregnant at the beginning. The parliament failed  

to explain that King Louis XVI had a problem because  

they didn’t want him to seem weak. The court doesn’t  

control the rumors about Marie and her reputation is ruined. “Let them eat cake” is the  famous quote she NEVER said. Cake has a different definition in this context. This is a  lie she never said this.  

⮚ Jean-Paul Marat—newspaper publisher who is calling in his newspaper to murder  anyone that’s an aristocrat or anyone as much as they possibly can. He was pushing for  the murder of anyone bourgeoisie, aristocrat, or the open violence of the revolution. o Radical journalist and politician during the French Revolution.

⮚ The French Revolution starts slowly and is beneath the surface.

⮚ The peasants just can’t take it anymore and are starving, and retaliate.

HIST 2320.001 WESTERN CIVILIZATION 1715 TO PRESENT WEEK 8

⮚ It begins with Louis XVI and Marie are taken to Paris to be put on house arrest, there was no plan to execute them. The plan was to get him to renounce his absolute monarch to a  constitutional monarch. Then Louis and Marie make the horrible decision to flee the  country to go to Belgium because it’s controlled by the Austrian-Hungarian empire,  Marie’s people are there (Austrian Empire). At the time Austrians made war on the  French because they found out that they were removed from power.

⮚ Maximilien Robespierre, Head of the French Revolution—He believed  the King and Queen are too dangerous to keep alive, and that there were too  many forces that want to see them resurface.  

o Louis was executed first, Marie second, the children die within 2 years.  Because they are caught attempting to flee, it then releases the part of the  revolution called the (REIGN OF) TERROR.

⮚ REIGN OF TERROR of France—

Campaigned by Robespierre and his  

associates to rid France of its internal  

enemies. Made the committee of public  

safety which was intended to function as  

a war council and de facto executive  

cabinet.

o On the committee are the:  

Jacobins & Grondins

o Jacobins—crazy people,

(Robespierre). The Jacobins don’t  

agree with the violence in the  

revolution but they’re guillotining people. ((Contradicting themselves))

⮚ Marat had a skin condition and had to be in medicinal baths all the time. People would  come to greet him during his baths. Charlotte Corday, a royalist sympathizer, went to see  him. She didn’t like the revolution because Marat was responsible for the death of all the  people, and then stabbed him in his bathtub. She was then executed.  

⮚ Jacques-Louis David (above left) the great French Painter at the time, paints the Death of  Murat (1793).

o He’s in his bathtub with a pen in his hand, desk by bathtub, blood trickling down.

HIST 2320.001 WESTERN CIVILIZATION 1715 TO PRESENT WEEK 8

⮚ Reign of Terror: 17,000 people executed; 500,000 imprisoned; 20,000 killed w/o trial or  died in prison.  

o 2 ways to execute people: guillotine and mass drownings.

o In the country people were taken out to a lake and forcibly drowned. They would  be put out on a raft and dropped from beneath them because mostly everyone  could not swim and if they could by the time they got to shore they were beaten.  o 37,000 people are dead within 9 months.  

⮚ Robespierre uses the enlightenment to justify his actions. Some of the most distinguished  figures of the enlightenment were executed during the reign of terror: Condorcet,  Lavoisier, and Olympe de Gouges (feminist).  

⮚ June 1794 Jacobins and Grondins believed the revolutions had gone too far due to The  Cult of the Supreme Being that was a form of deism created by Robespierre during the  revolution. He also took over all the Roman Catholic churches and renamed them  Temples (cult) of Reason, he was out of his mind.  

☺ Thank you for reading! PLEASE CONTACT ME FOR ANY ERRORS,  QUESTIONS, OR MISSING POINTS I’D BE GLAD TO ADDRESS THEM.☺

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