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AU / History / HIST 1010 / What is renaissance in french?

What is renaissance in french?

What is renaissance in french?

Description

School: Auburn University
Department: History
Course: World History I
Professor: Donna bohanan
Term: Fall 2015
Tags:
Cost: 25
Name: The Renaissance in Europe
Description: Lecture on 10/12/16
Uploaded: 10/24/2016
2 Pages 58 Views 2 Unlocks
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The Renaissance in Europe


What is renaissance in french?



It is a phenomenon that begins 14 century Italy. They move into the Renaissance  stage while the rest of Europe lingers in the middle ages. Renaissance is French for  "rebirth". The Greeks and Romans were lost ot many people. The Arabs preserved  them. Humanism. It is the study of the classics. First the Romans, then the Greeks.  Humanist is someone who studies the Romans and Greeks. They become interested  because the Italians started reading them. It was more Romans than Greeks.  Petrarch, Father of Humanism, read Romans work and was blown away by how  amazing the Latin was. It jolts him and others that there was something better  before. Right now it is all about Latin. He becomes a modern propaganda for writing  like the Romans . So he an people like him went looking for more sources to  rediscover Roman work. They physically unearthed a chunk of sources, most in  libraries. Monasteries jobs were to painstakingly copy all of the transcripts. So they  found a lot of them in monasteries. They would make copies of these manuscripts  and maybe even sell them. Sell them to the upper-class. They would be patrons to  he humanists. To own your own collection of manuscripts was a status symbol. They would also study it. Close textual analysis. Then they wrote grammar books,  dictionaries, and other things so that others could read it. They became so in depth  that they became Philologists. They study the changing of language. They could  even look at the script and tell you when it was written. The best at this was  Lorenzo Valla. He took "the donation of Constantine" and proved it was a fake based on Philology. The Humanist became more and more interested in the vernacular.  This produces poetry. Boccaccio wrote in Italian.


How it was perfect during the roman empire?




What is the definition of humanism?



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Fifteenth century. It becomes broader and related to Philosophy. There was a revival  of Plato. This will happen at the library at Cosimo de Media. Cosimo invites Marsilo  to stay and work with his Platonic manuscript. This creates a school. Ficino does nor  than everyone else in the west to bring back Plato. He is convinced that it is the  human in that links the two ideals. This creates a "cult of man" Pico Della Mirandola  writes about this specialness of humans. This is reflected in the art by Michelangelo. Don't forget about the age old question of What is mhc? why is needed in the immune system?
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Northern Humanism. Humanism starts to catch on in the north. It’s a little different.  They focus on Christian history. How it was perfect during the Roman Empire. They  propose to revive early Christianity. They traditional Bible was the vulgate. It had  been reproduced by man, human error. Mistakes and guess at interoperating human handwriting. These errors get passed down in the vulgate. This is called textual  corruption. They decide they want to clean up the errors. SO they went to the  original language, Greek and Hebrew. This results in the production of the Polyglot  Bible. They were directed by Ximenes de Cisneros. He coordinates this project.  Polyglot means many languages. This will be huge for protestants. Erasmus, Dutch, worked on scriptures. Specifically the new testament. He also expounded on the  idea that Christianity needed to be reformed. He wanted to refocus on an interior  style of piety and less on traditions and sacraments. He wanted everyone reading  scriptures. Pay attention ot the Philosophy of Christ. Not changing doctrine, change  in the way people practice their life. He will inspire Luther and the Protestant  Reformation.

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