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UD - HDFS 202010 - Class Notes - Week 8

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UD - HDFS 202010 - Class Notes - Week 8

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background image HDFS 202: Diversity and Families Week 8 Lecture Notes Gender o Facts Women are the stronger biological sex More baby boys die; woman’s lifespan is longer by 7 years Boys are more group­centered, active, and aggressive Women and men are equally emotional Men are told to internalize these emotions More women suffer from depression Men smile more than women Women disclose more personal information Women feel less confident about their finances Heart attacks are more fatal for women 2/3 of illiterate people are women Women comprise only 11% of national legislatures o Changes in the Lives of Women Can vote Can hold political office More career opportunities Protected against sexual harassment (1976 law) Protected against marital rape Have control over pregnancies: abortion o Roles: expected behaviors associated with a status/position Determines how we are treated by others Helps us understand how to treat others Ascribed status: a role you are born into; have little control Ex. Being born into a celebrity family Achieved status: a role you earn and can work towards Ex. Becoming a teacher o Biological Differences Women have lower basic metabolism Women’s thyroids are larger and more active Boys are more likely to be afflicted by genetic disorders Females have better sense of smell, taste, and hearing Alcoholism is twice as prevalent in men Women have higher risk of developing diabetes Migraines more common in women o Social Issues Men and women rate men’s writing and speech as better Women better at language; men better at quantitative/visual/spatial o Nature Argument
background image Developmental and health differences Effects of sex hormones Sex differences in brain Unsuccessful sex reassignment Biosocial influences Aggressiveness can be controlled through external controls Evolution: women as nurturers; men as aggressive/territorial o Nurture Argument Symbolic interactionists: roles important in shaping behavior Cross­cultural variations Margaret Mead’s study in New Guinea: found differences in 
gender roles cross culturally
Variances in male violence We behave more in accordance with social expectations than biology o Gender Differences Not Accounted For Physical size: men bigger than women Sexual morphology Only females give birth Potential for rape o The Issue of Gender Historical view: masculine and feminine are two extremes Contradicts recent findings Many feminists want to eliminate categories Most traits/behaviors identified as masculine/feminine in a society are 
learned, not innate
Few tendencies linked to gender such as male tendency to be aggressive Social factors can eliminate tendencies (ex. Women in army) In United States: Men are instrumental: task­oriented Women are expressive: warm, sensitive, concern for others o Contemporary Gender Roles Expansion of men’s family roles Professional roles for women Breaking down men’s instrumentality and women’s expressiveness o Concerns About Boy’s Development 67% of special education classes are boys Boys more likely to suffer for ADD Fall behind girls in reading scores More disciplinary problems More likely to perpetrators and victims of crime Men having issues in feminized workplaces 50% drop in sperm counts in the West o Immigrant Gender Roles

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School: University of Delaware
Department: Human Development
Course: Diversity and Families
Professor: Bahira Sherif-Trask
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: HDFS, Human, HumanDevelopment, humanservices, hdfs202, humandevelopmentandfamilystudies, familystudies, family, development, diversity, and diversityandfamilies
Name: HDFS 202 Week 8 Lecture Notes
Description: Diversity and Families
Uploaded: 10/24/2016
3 Pages 9 Views 7 Unlocks
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