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CSU - PSY 320 - Class Notes - Week 12

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CSU - PSY 320 - Class Notes - Week 12

School: Colorado State University
Department: Psychology
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Professor: Martha Amberg
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: PSY320, abnormalpsychology, Psychology, and Amberg
Name: PSY 320 Week 10 Notes
Description: Lecture notes for week 10 Prof Amberg Autism Spectrum Disorder, Learning Disabilities, Motor Disorders, Neurocognitive Disorders, and Conduct Disorder
Uploaded: 10/28/2016
0 5 3 64 Reviews
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background image 10/24/16 
Autism Spectrum Disorder 
- Comorbidity  ● IQ lower than 70 is common  ○ Score poorly on subjects related to language (abstract thought,  symbolism, or sequential logic)  - Prevalence  ● 1 out of 110 children 
● Found in all SES (socioeconomic status), ethnic, and racial groups 
- Prognosis  ● Children with higher IQs who learn to speak before age six have the best  outcomes  ○ People with higher SES have more access to treatment/therapy  - Treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorder  ● Psychological treatments are better 
● Early treatment - better outcome, parent training and education 
● Pivotal response treatment 
○ Increasing motivation and responsiveness rather than focusing on  discrete behaviors  ○ Eye contact  ● Joint attention intervention and symbolic play used to improve attention and  expressive skills  ● Medication - treat problem behaviors (harming themselves)  ○ Haloperidol (Haldol  ■ Antipsychotic 
■ Reduces aggression and stereotyped motor behavior 
■ Does not improve language and interpersonal relationships 
  Intellectual Disability  - Deficits in the ability to function in three broad domains of daily life  ● Conceptual domain 
● Social domain 
● Practical domain 
- Begins before age 18  - Types of intellectual disability:  ● Down syndrome  ○ Chromosomal trisomy 21: an extra copy of chromosomes 21 
○ 47 instead of 46 chromosomes 
● Fragile-X syndrome  ○ Mutation on the X chromosome  ● Recessive-gene disease  ○ Phenylketonuria (PKU)  ● Maternal infectious disease 
background image ○ Cytomegalovirus, toxoplasmosis, rubella, herpes simplex, HIV, and  syphilis  ● Fetal alcohol syndrome  ○ Within parental control 
○ Damage can be done before mother is aware she is pregnant 
● Head trauma  ○ Can occur before birth  - Treatment of Intellectual disability  ● Residential treatment  ○ Small to medium-sized community residences 
○ For adults 
● Behavioral treatments  ○ Language, social, and motor skills training 
○ Method of successive approximation to teach basic self-care skills in 
severely retarded  ■ Ex: holding a spoon, toileting  ○ Applied behavioral analysis  ● Cognitive treatments  ○ Problem-solving strategies    Learning Disability  - Evidence of inadequate development in a specific area  ● Ex: arithmetic or reading  - Not due to mental retardation, autism, physical disorder, or lack of education 
opportunity 
- Usually of average or above average intelligence  - Often identified and treated in school  - Types of learning disabilities:  ● Impairment in reading (Formerly Dyslexia)  ○ Problems in language processing 
○ Speech perception 
○ Analysis of sounds and relationship to printed words 
○ Difficulty recognizing rhyme and alliteration 
○ Problems naming familiar objects rapidly 
○ Delays learning syntactic rules 
○ Deficient phonological awareness 
■ Inadequate left temporal, parietal, occipital activation  ● Impairment in Mathematics (Formerly Dyscalculia)  ○ Different cognitive deficits from dyslexia  ■ Do not have deficits in phonological awareness  ○ Difficulty understanding concepts of numbers   
Motor Disorders 

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School: Colorado State University
Department: Psychology
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Professor: Martha Amberg
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: PSY320, abnormalpsychology, Psychology, and Amberg
Name: PSY 320 Week 10 Notes
Description: Lecture notes for week 10 Prof Amberg Autism Spectrum Disorder, Learning Disabilities, Motor Disorders, Neurocognitive Disorders, and Conduct Disorder
Uploaded: 10/28/2016
6 Pages 12 Views 9 Unlocks
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