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UA - PSYCH 101 - PY 101 Test 3 Study Guide - Study Guide

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UA - PSYCH 101 - PY 101 Test 3 Study Guide - Study Guide

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background image Psychology Test 3 Study Guide Milgram Experiment Participant and the conductor of the experiment were on one side of 
the wall and the confederate is on the other
The confederate is asked questions by the participant and if the 
question is answered incorrectly, the confederate is shocked
Participant=teacher Confederate=learner Took place in the 1960’s Zimbardo’s Stanford Prison Experiment The participants were healthy male college students enrolled in 
summer school
They were offered $15 a day for 2 weeks Randomly assigned as a prisoner or guard Once one guard became strict, the others followed  The experiment was shut down after 5 days Social facilitation: groups can make you do well or not well -If it’s something you excel at then you’ll do better in a group 
and vice versa
Compliance: when we agree to do things that others request of us -If you’re in a good mood, more likely to do what they want
-Depends on who is asking/what the task is
-Failure to consider other options
Compliance strategies: -Foot-in-the-door effect: start with small request and hope it will 
lead to bigger things
-Door-in-the-face: ask for a big request knowing they will decline 
and then asking for something smaller
-Requests for both need to be consistent
-Low-balling strategy: they get you committed and add onto it
Social Loafing: the idea that when in a group, a person can coast along 
and not have to put in as much work
Deindividuation: you become less of yourself, less awareness, and 
reduced attention personal standards
-When self-awareness disappears, so do values
-It can cause nonmorality 
-Your values become lower, the group values become more 
important to you
-Aroused, anonymous, and diffused responsibility (e.g.: rioting by
fans)
Conformity: altering your behavior to fit a group or their expectations -Normative influence (“social norms”) (i.e. fit in)
-Informational influence: using the situation to conform behavior 
background image -Do not: group size (larger groups are harder to conform to than 
small groups) and lack of unanimity
We join groups because -Our innate drive to be social
-Groups bring safety/security from being outcast
-Help develop as human species
We conform to groups by -Common interest/goals
-Location
-People favor their own group (in-group)
-2 critical conditions
Transitivity: common beliefs, interest, opinion Reciprocity: join a group because you get a benefit out of it Aggression: any behavior that involves the intention to harm another Factors influencing aggression: -Age
-Heat
-Biology
-Culture
Stimulating or damaging the amygdala or hypothalamus can lead to 
changes in the levels of aggression
Low levels of serotonin associated with: -Aggression in adults
-Hostility and disruptive behavior in children
MAOA gene, or “warrior” gene  -Not a “violence gene”
-Associated with the regulation of amygdala and 
neurotransmitters (serotonin)
Violence varies across cultures Culture of honor: belief system in which men are primed to protect 
their reputations through physical aggression
Prosocial behavior Why are humans prosocial? -Motivated by empathy
-Selfish motives
-Innate tendency
-Women were raised to be caretakers Altruism: providing help when it’s needed without any apparent reward
for doing so
Kitty Genovese: abused, beaten in the public outside her apartment 
complex. Police found 38 witnesses, but no one helped her
Four major reasons for this:

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School: University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa
Department: Psychology
Course: Intro to Psychology
Professor: Tba
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Name: PY 101 Test 3 Study Guide
Description: Group Membership Helping Behavior Attributions, Stereotypes, and Attitudes Relationships
Uploaded: 10/30/2016
4 Pages 29 Views 23 Unlocks
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