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MSU - GEOG 1123 - Exam 3 Study Guide GR 1123 - Study Guide

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MSU - GEOG 1123 - Exam 3 Study Guide GR 1123 - Study Guide

School: Mississippi State University
Department: Geography
Course: Intro World Geography
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: World Geography
Name: Exam 3 Study Guide GR 1123
Description: Covers: o Russia, Sub-Sahara Africa, and North Africa and the Middle East o All Video notes and additional notes online
Uploaded: 10/31/2016
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background image     GR 1123 Intro to World Geography  Exam 3 Study Guide 
 
Russia     ● 5 Physical Geography regions   ○ Russian Plain  ■ West ​ of the Ural Mountains ; Moscow (​Core of Russia​)  ○ Ural Mountains  ​(2000 miles long)  ■ Low relief mountain chain separating  East and West Russia   ○ Western Siberia ​ (constant elevation)  ■ Flat plains and forests  ○ Central Siberia  ■ Moderate mountains, very cold (Arctic Circle)  ○ Eastern Highlands  ​(Mostly the Yukatski Basin)  ■ One of the most remote places on earth  ● Fun Facts about Russia    ○ Continentality ​ has huge impact on Russia’s climate  ■ Similar to the upper midwest and Canada  ○ Economy is rising  ■ It depends heavily on oil 
■ Becoming increasingly more “modern” and “
western​”  ○ Encompasses  9 time zones  ■ Wake up in Siberia...Go to sleep in Moscow  ○ Largest Country  ​by area in the world  ■ Canada is the 2nd largest 
■ Bigger than Pluto 
○ Approx 9 million more women than men 
○ Lots of coastline...Frozen 
■ Available coastline is  controlled by other countries​ (Turkey, Ukraine,  Western Europe)  ■ 77% of russia = Siberia  ●  Soviet Union- (How and why did it form?)    ○ USSR (CCCP)  ■ Union of Soviet Socialistic Republics  ○ Formed in 1917 after the  Bolshevik Revolution  ■ Most citizens were very poor, unhappy with  autocratic Tsar system  ■ Monarchy  ​of Russia was overthrown  ● Tsar Nicholas II  ​ and his family were executed  ● Order was given by Lenin himself  ●   Definitions: federation, russification, command economy, communism  ○ A  federation ​ of power  ■ A split of power with no true ruler (technically)  ○ Russification:     Study Soup: Juliette Reid 2016  
background image     GR 1123 Intro to World Geography  ■ The idea of replacing ethnic areas with Russians; ethnic groups moved  east  ○ Command Economy:   ■ A system where the government assigns sectors of production to  particular areas with disregard to economic principles  ■ Eg. Latvia was assigned to make railroad equipment even though the raw  materials and cheaper labor were in Volgograd (1250 miles away)  ■ Disregards efficiency  ○ Communism:  ■ Socioeconomic system structured upon  common ownership of the  means of production  ■ Ideally characterized by the  absence ​of ​social classes​, ​money​, and the  state  ■ Theoretical construct ​… doesn’t translate into reality  ● Spread of communism and the soviet influence   ○ After WWII, Communism spread into Eastern Europe  ■ Albania, Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Romania, and East  Germany (1945)  ■ Initiated by Soviet government 
■ Warsaw Pact 
● All Communist states/countries join together against NATO  ■ Spread to China and Korea in the 1950s (Korean War) 
■ Cuba in  1959 with Fidel Castro 
● Cuban Missile Crisis  ■ Southeast Asia in 1954 (Vietnam War) and Africa in the 1970s 
■ Created tensions with the US and Europe 
■ Started the Cold War 
● Warsaw pact & the Cold War – (why was it established?) (video posted)    ○ Warsaw Pact  ■ All Communist states/countries join together against NATO  ○ Cold War Video  ■ More global, widespread conflict   ● Not centralized to a certain area like WWI & WWII  ■ Series of Proxy wars  
■ Red Scare & McCarthyism 
■ Space Race 
■ De Tante: period of improved relations (thawing out) 
● Salt I &II agreements  ■ 2 Olympics boycotted 
■ Al Qaeda created in the 80s 
■ Dissolution of the Soviet Union ended the Cold War in 1991 
●  Space race (video posted)   ○ Sputnik by Russia October 1957     Study Soup: Juliette Reid 2016  
background image     GR 1123 Intro to World Geography  ○ December 6 ‘57 US Vanguard failure 
○ April ‘61 Russian Man first in space 
○ February ‘62 First American Man in space 
○ May ‘61 Americans announced their goal to put a man on the moon by the end of 
the decade  ○ July 20 ‘69 First American Man on the moon 
○ End of the space race 1975 when an American and a Russian space station 
docked together  ○ Funding for research and development during the this time increased   ■ Memory foam, satellites that run phones, cancer treatments, LED lights,  duct tape, firefighter's’  outfits, artificial limbs, milk jugs  ○ Eisenhower created NASA and US Air Force  ●  Russian federation – (how is it different that the Soviet Union?) (the simple difference)  ○ The  Russian Federation​ ( 1991-Present)  ■ Becoming more “European” culturally and politically (i.e.  Western  Society ​)  ○ Only  3 Men ​ have been president in the past 22 years  ○ Yeltsin, Putin, Medvedev, Putin (again)     Sub-Saharan Africa    ● Fun Facts    ○ Africa resides in 4 Hemispheres  ■ N/S/E/W  ○ Lots of resources  ■ Oil, diamonds, gold, iron, wood  ○ 2nd largest continent  ■ Asia is the first  ○ Africa has 2 main regions  ■ Sub-Saharan Africa 
■ Northern Africa (Saharan Africa) 
○ 800 million people in Sub-Saharan Africa  ■ +2.3%  ​increase per year  ○ Africa is the highest in:  ■ Birthrates ​ ( 7.1 births per woman)  ■ HIV/AIDS  ​population (11%)  ■ Infant mortality  ​(9%)  ○ Africa is the lowest in:  ■ Life expectancy:  58 years  ■ Literacy Rate ​:​ ​1 in 3 adults cannot read   ○ Mostly rural population’  ■ Only  39%​ of the population lives in an urban area  ○ 40% of the population is under 15 years old  ● Where does majority of African population live?      Study Soup: Juliette Reid 2016  
background image     GR 1123 Intro to World Geography  ○ Most people  ​are along the ​equator of Africa  ● Definitions: ITCZ, Land Tenure, Diaspora, Apartheid, Vectors   ○ Climatic Variability  ​(changing ​ITCZ​)  ■ I ​nter​t​ropical ​C​onvergence ​Z​one​: narrow zone near the equator where  Northern and Southern air masses converge, typically, producing low 
atmospheric pressure 
○ Land tenure is huge in Africa  ■ Land Tenure ​ is the process where the individual owns the farmland but is  not always recognized by the government  ○ Diaspora:  ■ The movement, migration, or scattering of a people away from an  established or ancestral homeland  ■ Europe in the west  
■ Arabs in the east  
○ Apartheid:   ■ A policy or system of segregation or discrimination on grounds of race  ○ Vectors:  ​ carrier of the disease (i.e. tsetse fly, mosquitos, animals)  ● Rift Valley and the 3 Major Rivers  ○ Africa has a Great Lake system like North America  ■ The  Rift Valley  ○ Rift Valley  ■ African Rift Valley is formed by plate separation  ● Divergent plate boundary  ■ Extends from:  ● Mozambique  ​in the ​south​ to the ​Red Sea​ in the ​north  ○ 3 Major Rivers  ■ Nile River   ● World’s  longest river ​(4260 miles long)  ● Flows South to North 
● Supports most of the population 
■ Congo River  ● Formerly known as the  Zaire River  ● World’s  deepest river​ (720 ft deep)  ● Flows to the Northwest and then Southwest 
● Drains in the rainforest 
■ Niger River  ● Flows North and then South 
● Headwater is only 150 miles from the Atlantic but it flows to the 
desert  ● Colonial Policies (Differing policies based on Colonial Rule)    ○ Different powers followed different policies 
○ Great Britain: 
■ “ Indirect Rule​” (Ghana, NIgeria, Kenya, Zimbabwe)    Study Soup: Juliette Reid 2016  

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School: Mississippi State University
Department: Geography
Course: Intro World Geography
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: World Geography
Name: Exam 3 Study Guide GR 1123
Description: Covers: o Russia, Sub-Sahara Africa, and North Africa and the Middle East o All Video notes and additional notes online
Uploaded: 10/31/2016
16 Pages 40 Views 32 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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