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GSU - PSY 1101 - Exam 3 Study Guide Psychology - Study Guide

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Schools > Georgia Southern University > Psychology > PSY 1101 > GSU - PSY 1101 - Exam 3 Study Guide Psychology - Study Guide

GSU - PSY 1101 - Exam 3 Study Guide Psychology - Study Guide

School: Georgia Southern University
Department: Psychology
Course: Intro to Psychology
Professor: Steirn
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: working memory, referencememory, short term memory, longtermmemory, Hunger, thirst, drive, and need
Name: Exam 3 Study Guide Psychology
Description: This Study Guide covers Memory and Emotion/Motivation
Uploaded: 11/02/2016
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background image Exam 3 Study Guide 
After Language-Week 12 Monday 
Chapter 7: Memory 
-vital to everything we do 
 
if you cannot remember, then there is NO way to learn  A few ways to look at memory 
1. Declarative v. Procedural 
 
Declarative-memory for information; something you can actually state; does  NOT have to be CORRECT; ex: A unicorn has three horns 
 
Procedural-more like muscle memory; memory for skill; words can screw up  this memory; ex: typing 
**Case History of H.M. who recently died, has a head injury (brain specifically) 
which caused Anterograde Amnesia or NO NEW Memories 
 
his father died after the accident so every day he would ask about his father  and went through the grief everyday until his family decided to distract him instead 
of answering and he would eventually forget the question 
 
his doctor over time decided to test him by using a Joy Buzzer one day and  NOT using on the next; the second day H.M. refused to shake the doctor’s hand 
which he had done every single time until the day after the Joy Buzzer incident 
 
this means that H.M had formed a NEW PROCEDURAL Memory    H.M.’s Anterograde Amnesia did NOT effect Procedural memory, but rather  Declarative 
****Anterograde Amnesia just means that when the person stops thinking about 
what is happening they forget what is going on 
****Retrograde Amnesia is the one you see on t.v. and in movies which means that 
old memories are lost; think Jason Bourne; this is MORE COMMON 
2. Long Term v. Short Term 
 
-both likely to be Declarative Memory  Memory Load- amount you have to remember  
*lower the memory load the easier it is to remember 
Effectors on the Duration of Short Term Memory 
 
Fading    Temporal Confusion  Long Term Memory Short Term Memory infinite Duration very short (minutes or even  seconds) infinite Size 7+or-2 expand by using chunking
background image   Interference      Retroactive-interfering event occurs before test, but after the material  is given 
 
  Proactive-interfering event occurs before material is given  3. Reference v. Working 
 
Reference-are like “rules”    Working-sort of like short term memory except has different update speeds  for multiple pieces of information 
*Both suffer from the same effectors as Short Term Memory 
Ex: 
Working memory 
 
Retrospective Memory- memory for something you have done in the past;  larger memory load 
 
Prospective Memory-memory for something you are going to do in the  future; something like a plan or anticipation; smaller memory load 
ex: Animal study don eon Rats by Cook, Brown, and Riley (1985) to see if they 
had both called “ Radial Arm Maze” 
 
food was placed on the end of each of the 12 arms    a cylinder was raised releasing the rat to run down the arm and collect the  food 
 
the food was not replaced    Strategies the Rats used:      skipping arms      straight aways    what was found was that the rats approximately halfway through the 12 arms   the Rats switched from retrospective memory to prospective memory 
Memory for a Serial List 
Ex: 
Server Reference Memory Working Memory Location of cups Today’s Special Uniform Table 5’s Drinks Sanitation for a Salad Bar Work schedule for next week Foot 70 people wrote it down Space 54 people wrote it down Pen 46 people wrote it down
background image Serial Position Curve 
 
Primary Effect-due to extra rehearsal    Recency Effect-due to it being most recent and limited to no interference    Von Restorff Effect- better memory for an unusual item in the list of items or  surroundings 
Homeostasis-tendency of the body to try and maintain a balance 
Incentive-something that an individual will work towards because they WANT it 
need-something that the body actually requires to live; BIOLOGICAL 
Drive- push or urge to get to whatever the substance; PSYCHOLOGICAL 
(WANT) 
Hunger is considered a NEED 
Appetite is considered a DRIVE; something that appeals to the taste buds 
Dessert Effect-eaten to satiety or above and then will eat more of an attractive 
different food 
Social Facilitation-eaten to satiety, but when another individual starts eating then 
the satiated individual will start eating again but to a lesser extent 
-social means the presence of other individuals include animals such as when dogs 
eat all their food and then tries to eat yours too while you are eating it 
-Other things to do with hunger 
 
hunger pangs are very minor in terms of telling us when we are in need of  food 
 
One of the things that tells that we are hungry are our glucose receptors;  found in huge amount in the Liver it takes about 20 minutes for the glucose to be 
released into the liver 
Bread 34 people wrote it down Book 38 people wrote it down Chair 26 people wrote it down Ear 20 people wrote it down Arch 19 people wrote it down Condom 54 people wrote it down Bag 16 people wrote it down Car approx. 10 people wrote it down Light approx. 6 people wrote it down Shoe approx. 15 people wrote it down

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School: Georgia Southern University
Department: Psychology
Course: Intro to Psychology
Professor: Steirn
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: working memory, referencememory, short term memory, longtermmemory, Hunger, thirst, drive, and need
Name: Exam 3 Study Guide Psychology
Description: This Study Guide covers Memory and Emotion/Motivation
Uploaded: 11/02/2016
14 Pages 67 Views 53 Unlocks
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  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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