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UTC - PSY 3310 - Class Notes - Week 10

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UTC - PSY 3310 - Class Notes - Week 10

School: University of Tennessee - Chattanooga
Department: Psychology
Course: Social Psychology
Professor: David Ross
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Name: Social Psychology notes Week 10
Description: These notes cover the lecture on obedience.
Uploaded: 11/04/2016
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background image Social Psychology Notes    Week 10    Social psychology of obedience   
Stanley Milgram's shock experiment:  
 
  Participants were told that the researchers were studying effects of  punishment on learning and memory. Only males were recruited and they 
were found from an ad in the newspaper. The participants were called 
teachers and asked to give a verbal test to "students" in another room, and 
when they answered incorrectly the participants were required to 
administer an electric shock to the students. The participant/teacher was 
initially shocked to understand what they were doing to the students. The 
participant did not know that the students were really a research 
confederate in on the experiment. The experiment's mission was to 
discover just how far people would go when listening to an authority figure. 
The shock ranged from 15 volts to 450 volts. 65% of the participants went 
all the way to 450 volts, which is well passed severe pain for those getting 
shocked. Those who went all the way definitely showed signs of a moral 
dilemma with giving the shocks. But because a man in a white lab coat who 
was viewed as an authority told them to keep going, so they did.  
  Milgram did these experiments because of his curiosity on why the Nazis  did what they did in the Holocaust. The war trials were released from the 
Nazi soldiers and the soldiers kept claiming they were just doing what they 
were told to do.  
  Before Milgram conducted the experiment, he surveyed a bunch of  psychiatrists to see how many predicted the participants would go all the 
way in voltage. They answered no one. They were very wrong.  
 
Findings: 
  The characteristics of the participant (rich poor etc.) did not change the  obedience level.    Removing the screen between the teacher and student, physically touching  the students hand and putting it on the shock plate, Extremely loud 
screaming of pain. None of these stopped the obedience.  
background image   The only thing that got rid of the obedience was undermining the credibility  of the person in authority. This was done by having the experimenter on 
the phone and not in the room, or when the experiments started to fight of 
the morality of the experiment. Having one other person stand up for 
justice caused the teachers to not complete the experiment.  
 
Why did they do it? 
  The participants were paid and had an obligation to be in the experiment.  
  We are taught to be obedient early in life. How often do you stop at red 
lights?     They felt like the person in charge held the responsibility.    
The replication of the Milgram experiment
  They stopped people at 150 volts because they believed that those who  went to 450volts in Milgram's experiment went to 150. It was the cut off. If 
they went to 150, they would go to 450. The participant blamed the 
student because if he was in serious pain he could just rip off the 
electrodes. He blamed the victim. "I was just doing my job." The 
teacher/participant kept looking back at the experimenter to make sure it 
was okay. He even laughed. The typical response for the participants was to 
turn around and look at the authority to make sure it was okay. 2/3 of the 
men, same percentage as Milgram's, went all the way. They tested women 
too. 73% of the women went all the way, which was more than the men.  
 
Examples of authority mishaps: 
  A guy from Panama City was calling fast food restaurants at peak hours for  their manager and he pretended to be a police officer. He would say that 
one of the female employees was robbing them. The managers agreed to 
find the employee and strip search them in the back of the building 
according the phone directions by the man. The man ordered them to 
spank her, do jumping jacks, etc, and the manager did it. He was successful 
72 times. The manager's excuse was that they were just doing what the 
police officer said.  
    1978 Jim jones and his followers took 911 people to Guyana to commit  suicide. There was a survivor. He was 25 years old and had a child. He tried 
to escape and got shot three times. His son died in the mass suicide.  

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School: University of Tennessee - Chattanooga
Department: Psychology
Course: Social Psychology
Professor: David Ross
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Name: Social Psychology notes Week 10
Description: These notes cover the lecture on obedience.
Uploaded: 11/04/2016
3 Pages 9 Views 7 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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