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USC - THE 220 - Notes for the Paper - Study Guide

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USC - THE 220 - Notes for the Paper - Study Guide

School: University of Southern California
Department: THERAPEUTIC SCI (DEPT-KINES)
Course: Lifestyle Design
Professor: Kimberly Norris
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: lifestyle, Design, balance, health, life, and Occupation
Name: Notes for the Paper
Description: Lifestyle Design notes from the first class to Oct. 31
Uploaded: 11/04/2016
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background image 8/29 
 
Difference between 
Occupation  and  Role  :    
Occupation (v):
​ something one does  “​Chunks of culturally and personally meaningful activity  that can be named in the lexicon if the culture ”    
Role : 
​a position that one assumes,  can be born into or achieved  - Roles have obligation and expectations  - Tell us how to be doing things    
Why occupation matters:  
 
 “Occupation is the means through which human beings realize their sense of life’s meaning” 
(Yerxa et al,. 1989) 
● Occupation matters to our health and well being 
● Affects our health psychologically and physically ( <- these connected) 
● How we fill our time affects how we think about ourselves and the quality of our 
lives    ● Everyday decisions made about how to spend time.    
Occupational Therapy vs. Occupational Science 
 
Occupational Therapy
​: a profession.  Occupational therapists help people with a challenge  which gets in their way of engaging in meaningful activity.  
   > Focused on Quality of Life 
* medicine helps preserve life, occupational theory concerned with the quality of life that is 
preserved 
- Helps people reach goals in every environment they interact with   
Occupational Science
​: an academic discipline, social science. Studies the form and function of  occupation.   - How occupation (what we do) affects our health  - Founded in 1989 by Dr. Elizabeth Yerxa @ USC  - How to enhance the wellbeing of individuals and groups   
 
 
 
 
 
 
background image  
 
 
 
 
 
 
5 Assumptions of Occupational Science: 
 
1. Individuals most true to their humanity when engaged in occupations  
-
Humans more healthy when they are doing things  - We have an innate drive to remain occupied    2. The Human is the author of his or her life !          -     Spend time making choices that will influence our being and  health 
 
     3.  
People Engage in Storied Acting  - We create stories about ourselves and the things we do  - ^ this is how we start to make sense of the world around us  - Create symbolic meaning of our occupations and how it fits into the world around us   
     4.   
Humans adapt to the demands of their environment   *  - Despite any challenge people can adapt to still have a meaningful life  - Occupational therapists help with this process ^  - “It's not the strongest or most intelligent that survives, it's the one most adaptable to 
change “ - Darwin 
 
     5.  Occupations are carried out within a physical, social, political and historical  environment  - Not just about the occupation, about the context surrounding and influencing the 
occupation 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
background image USC Model of Human Subsystems that Influence Occupations      -----Transcendental Subsystem 
-----Symbolic-Evaluative Subsystem 
------Socio-Cultural Subsystem 
------Information-Processing Subsystem 
------Biological Subsystem 
------Physical  
 
Physical
​ :  Physio- chemical processes that go on in the body that allow to engage in  occupations 
 
Biological
​ : Productions of evolution; biological drives due to evolutionary process  - Innate drive for mastery , competence, competition, reproduction, exploration   
Information Processing
​:  Cognitive processes that must take place to accomplish occupation  - Decision making, communicating, perceiving, planning    
Socio-Cultural
​ : Social and Cultural expectations that we internalize from various communities  - Cultures and societies that influence what occupations we engage in and how we 
engage in them 
 
Symbolic- Evaluative
​ : The meaning occupation has for us  - Why we do an occupation ; the emotion and value we place on an occupation   
Transcendenta
​l: How occupation fits in with life goals  - How fits in w/ person’s sense of purpose ,  future goals    
 
background image Example :  Swimming 
 
Physical Subsystem
 -- flexibility, muscular ability, heart pumping, lungs expanding   
Biological
 --  to compete,  to survive ( not drown ) , stay in shape,    
Information Processing
 --- when to rise for air, when to take next stroke, coordinating hands and  legs, when to flip 
 
Sociocultural 
--- whether you swim outside/ year round, pressures from family’s culture, the age  you learn to swim, pool rules, what you wear 
 
Symbolic-evaluative
 -- Stress reliever, connecting to others, therapeutic   
Transcendental
 --- to be an olympian,     
 
● Occupations can be part of multiple subsystems    
 
 
Labor Day Lecture:  
 
What is health? 
Eating well  
Physical activity 
Mental, physical, social, spiritual, emotional well-being 
Hydrating  
 
Medical Model of health
​:  -Goal is to eradicate disease and extend life 
-Hierarchy ;   doctor has expertise, patient has passive role ( receiving advice, following orders, 
improving)    -- shifting , people taking ownership of own health w/ access to info (i.e internet) 
-Very objective  
-For people with disabilities,  sign of unhealthiness approached differently  
 
 
Economic Model of health
​:  -Healthy according to economic model means able to hold a job and contribute to national 
budget by paying taxes . 
-Problem for people with disabilities is marketplace decides whether or not they are healthy 
 
 

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School: University of Southern California
Department: THERAPEUTIC SCI (DEPT-KINES)
Course: Lifestyle Design
Professor: Kimberly Norris
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: lifestyle, Design, balance, health, life, and Occupation
Name: Notes for the Paper
Description: Lifestyle Design notes from the first class to Oct. 31
Uploaded: 11/04/2016
16 Pages 49 Views 39 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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