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CSU - PSY 320 - Class Notes - Week 14

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CSU - PSY 320 - Class Notes - Week 14

School: Colorado State University
Department: Psychology
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Professor: Martha Amberg
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: PSY320, Psychology, abnormalpsychology, and Amberg
Name: PSY 320 Week 11 Notes
Description: Lecture notes for week 11 Prof Amberg Antisocial personality disorder, psychological disorders and physical health, sleep disorders
Uploaded: 11/04/2016
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background image 10/31/16 
Antisocial Personality Disorder 
- Psychopaths or sociopaths - are NOT terms used in the psychological community  - Antisocial personality disorder is a continuum disorder ranging from mild to extreme  - Most common personality disorder  - Men more diagnosed  - Increased suicide attempts  - Typically behavior reduces with age  - Aside from substance use disorders, this is the disorder most linked to adult criminal 
behavior 
- The DSM-V requires that a person be at least 18 years of age to receive this diagnosis  ● But displayed some patterns of misbehavior before they were 15 years old  (conduct disorder)  - Demographics  ● 4 times more common in men than women 
● Often arrested, therefore researchers frequently look at prison populations 
○ Higher rates of alcoholism/substance use disorders  - Theories of Antisocial Personality Disorder  ● Psychodynamic theory  ○ Begins with absence of parental love, leading to lack of basic trust, lack of  superego  ● Behavioral theory  ○ Symptoms may be learned through modeling or unintentional  reinforcement  ● Cognitive theory  ○ Hold attitudes that trivialize the importance of other people’s needs  - Contributors  ● Genetic influence  ○ Serotonin system 
○ Dopamine system 
● Social influence  ○ Poor modeling of behaviors 
○ Economically deprived circumstances 
○ History of childhood adversity and maltreatment 
● Biological influence  ○ Deficits in verbal skills and executive functions 
○ Medical illnesses or exposure to toxins 
○ Chronically low arousal 
- Treatment for Antisocial Personality Disorder  ● Psychotherapy  ○ Focus on emotions (lack of)  ● Behavioral therapy  ○ Change destructive patterns of behavior 
background image ● Medications  ○ None help the disorder itself, but can reduce symptoms  ■ Lithium, antipsychotics  ● Treatments are pretty much ineffective 
● A major obstacle is the individual’s lack of conscience or desire to change 
○ Most have been forced to come to treatment 
○ Some cognitive therapists try to guide clients’ to think about moral issues 
and the needs of other people    11/2/16 
Psychological Disorders and Physical Health 
- Psychological disorders  ● Result in physical health problems 
● May 
○ Share common genetic cause with medical illness 
○ Create medical problems 
○ Lead to pessimistic outlook 
● Coping strategies  ○ Methods/techniques to handle stressful events 
○ Positive 
■ Proactive coping - anticipate challenges 
■ Social coping - support 
○ Negative  ■ Avoidance coping - denying, avoiding  - Gender Difference in Coping  ● Women  ○ Physiological changes fight-or-flight response less prominent 
○ Seek support/have large social networks 
○ Emotionally, cognitively, and physiologically sensitive to marital conflict 
● Men  ○ Feel fight-or-flight response more 
○ Have smaller network of people 
○ Less likely to share personal issues 
○ Less likely to benefit physiologically from relationships 
- Cultural Differences in Coping  ● Collectivist cultures  ○ Reluctant to ask for social support 
○ Benefit from social networks that don’t involve revealing personal 
concerns  ● Individualistic cultures  ○ Benefit from explicit forms of social support  - Psychosocial Factors in Specific Diseases  ● Immune system - identify and kill pathogens and tumor cells 

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School: Colorado State University
Department: Psychology
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Professor: Martha Amberg
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: PSY320, Psychology, abnormalpsychology, and Amberg
Name: PSY 320 Week 11 Notes
Description: Lecture notes for week 11 Prof Amberg Antisocial personality disorder, psychological disorders and physical health, sleep disorders
Uploaded: 11/04/2016
6 Pages 38 Views 30 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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