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UO - BIO 132 - Bio 132 - Intro to Animal Behavior Midterm 2 Study

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UO - BIO 132 - Bio 132 - Intro to Animal Behavior Midterm 2 Study

School: University of Oregon
Department: Biology
Course: Intro to Animal Behavior
Professor: Debbie Schlenoff
Term: Summer 2016
Tags: Bio, Biology, 132, intro, Introduction, to, animal, behavior, midterm, 2, study, guide, Weeks, 3, -, and 6
Name: Bio 132 - Intro to Animal Behavior Midterm 2 Study Guide
Description: This study guide covers the notes from the lectures and some readings from weeks 3-6. Definitions are color coded!
Uploaded: 11/05/2016
0 5 3 71 Reviews
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background image Bio 132 – Intro to Animal Behavior Midterm 2 Study Guide Learning Social Learning - Learning from others - Imitation learning
- Cultural transmission
What is teaching? - Elders purposefully showing younger individuals a behavior to help  them learn the behavior.  Imprinting First thing seen when hatched becomes the mother
Geese followed after first moving object they see
Affects sexual behavior
Zebra finches fostered by Bengalese finches court Bengalese  finches Mammals - Olfactory cues o Imprint on the odor of the animal that nurses them
o Will follow others if they have the right odor cue
o Kin discrimination: Also imprints on nest-mates and relatives.
Helps to stop inbreeding Song Development - White-crowned sparrow studies o 1. Song acquisition Hears a song during a critical period in development o 2. Practice: Adds element
o 3. Crystallization: Sings full song
- Learning a song o Sung abnormal songs when reared alone
o Must here the correct song in a critical period of development
o Song presented earlier or later – no good
o Auditory self-feed back
o # of neutrons in song control center increases rapidly
Article on Bees
background image Social Learning:  - Learning from conspecifics
- Encompasses attention, memory, and motivation
- A ‘bridge’ between behaviorism and cognitive learning
Eusocial  - Advanced level of social organization - Single female or caste produces offspring o The rest care for said offspring Biological Clocks - Biological clocks are found in every Eukaryotic organism
-
Cycles continue in the absence of environmental cues o Internal (endogenous) biological clock - Circadian:  o A daily rhythm (about 24 hours)
o ‘about’ = circa ‘a day’ = diem
- Circalunidian o A lunar day - Circamonthly o A month - Circannual o A year - Circadian period length in constant conditions is free-running  o No longer manipulated by environmental cycles - Entrain o Reset a biological clock o Most powerful rest = light-dark cycle Rhythmic Behavior Daily Light-dark cycles Lunar Every 12.4 hours Semilunar Spring tides Full and new moon – highest high tides and lowest low 
tides
Neap tides Quarter moons – Highest low tides and lowest high tides Monthly Full moon to full moon Ant lion pits are deeper during the full moon Annual
background image Migration Migration - Movement away from the home range that does not stop at the first 
suitable location
o Keep moving until responsive to the presence of resources
o Some are a round trip, others one-way
Round trip = long-lived species One-way = short-lived species - Types of migration o Obligate: Invididual always migrates o Facultative: individual migrates if local conditions degrade o Differential: Migratory patterns of individuals differ by age, class,  or gender - Costs o Mortality rate during migration can be very high
o Requires huge amount of energy 
o Risk of starvation
o Weary migrants at risk from predators 
o Bad weather
o Obstacles
Man made - Benefits o Trading a less-hospitable environment for a better one
o Permits exploitation of temporary or moving food sources
o Reproductive benefit of being in a summer habitat
o Leaving highly competitive zones
o Reduction in predation and parasitism
Foraging Foraging = finding food o For survival and reproductive success
o Both genetic and learned components
o Many adaptations have evolved for foraging
Tools o Animals can use tools
o They can modify those tools
Optimal Foraging o Cost Search time Handling time Energy to digest food o Benefit Caloric and nutritional value

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School: University of Oregon
Department: Biology
Course: Intro to Animal Behavior
Professor: Debbie Schlenoff
Term: Summer 2016
Tags: Bio, Biology, 132, intro, Introduction, to, animal, behavior, midterm, 2, study, guide, Weeks, 3, -, and 6
Name: Bio 132 - Intro to Animal Behavior Midterm 2 Study Guide
Description: This study guide covers the notes from the lectures and some readings from weeks 3-6. Definitions are color coded!
Uploaded: 11/05/2016
9 Pages 62 Views 49 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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