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GEOG 1972 Midterm 2 Study GuideHey guys! The format will be the more or less the same as with the first exam: the first section will go over the sample questions & WHY they’re right. The second section will be more of a review of content, major key players, examples, vocab, etc. I’ve tried to reduce blocks of text (there’s still a lot of words), have more bullet points & more images/charts.A few suggestions: I would highly recommend reading the Kates reading on Hurricane Katrina if you haven’t already. Prof. Travis discussed it pretty heavily, and it’s a good example to know.Read Ch.7, at least the two sections about the two contradictions in capitalism in Marxist thought.When reviewing lecture slides (you need to do that), pay special attention to the examples & case studiesRESOURCE KEYMaterial Covered Lectures Weeks 7-10Textbook: Ch. 5-8, 12Reading: Kates et al. (Reconstruction of New Orleans after Katrina)Colorado River basin as resourceRecitation wolf debate assignment Yellowstone Wolf Reintro Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ysa5OBhXz-QTextbook Summary: Ch.5: Environmental Ethics -Looks at people (John Muir, Gifford Pinchot, Aldo Leopold)-Ethics, utilitarianism Ch.6: Risks & Hazards-Environment as a danger-Risk perception, risk as apart of cultureCh.7: Political Economy-Looking at Marxist theories applied to environment -Contradictions of capitalism-Development in the modern world Ch.8: Social Construction of Nature Ch.12: Uranium -Case study: radioactivity, nuclear power -HazardsLecture Key Week 7: Marxist critique of capitalism, political economy, environmental ethics (Ch.5), environment as resource Week 8: Conservation, yields, utilitarianism, social construction of nature, wolf debate Week 9: Continuation of environment as resource, Colorado River Basin information, tragedy of the commons example, supply vs. demand management Week 10: Demand vs. supply management, Ch.6 Risks & Hazards, Kates reading & Hurricane Katrina, technological hazards & adaptation Week 11: Continuation of Hurricane Katrina recovery, Sandy recovery, 500 Year Flood recovery in Lyons. 11b: technological hazards & nuclear power risksSAMPLE EXAM REVIEW
GEOG 1972 Midterm 2 Study Guide1. The Marxist critique of capitalism identifies an essential contradiction: a. That labor by definition controls the means of production and thus labor has more power than capitalism in a capitalist system. b. That over-production of commodities & over-accumulation of wealth eventually undermines the conditions in which capitalism thrives. c. That natural objects like trees & water cannot be turned into commodities essential for trade that supports capitalism. Sources: Ch.7: Political Economy, Week 7 lecture notes This is the central tenant, a summary of the Marxist critique of capitalism. There are 2 contradictions laid out: 1. First Contradiction of Capitalism: The tendency in capitalism to undermine the economic conditions needed for its own perpetuation. Ex: reducing wages of workers so much that they can’t even afford to buy the stuff they’re making. Overaccumulation of wealth (the top 1%) fewer people actually have purchasing power. 2. Second Contradiction of Capitalism: The tendency in capitalism to undermine the environmental conditions needed for its own perpetuation. Ex: In an effort to increase production, overexploitation of resources. Damaging the health of employees taking the cheapest way out. Degradation of the site/resources. If these are confusing, understand that capitalism relies on profits constantly increasing; and you either need to achieve this by reducing wages or production costs in some way, or by increasing exploitation of resources. Either way, the end path is that capitalism implodes in on itself, and capitalism is its own worst enemy. **Would highly recommend reading the two sections on these contradictions in Ch.7**2. True OR False: The dominion thesis in environmental ethics holds that humans should be dominated by natural processes. Sources: Ch.5 “Improving Nature: From Biblical Tradition to John Locke”, Week 7 lecture Dominion Thesis is actually the opposite of what is said here. Dominion Thesis: comes from the Book of Genesis in the Bible. Declares that humans are the pinnacle of creation, and are granted the right and furthermore, a responsibility to tame and use nature in whatever way deemed beneficial. Leads to the concept of “stewardship”, that we have a responsibility to ‘care’ for nature3. The Colorado River delta is increasingly the focus of attention becausea. The number of costly and destructive floods that are increasing with climate change. b. It has been used as the set for a number of films and is becoming a cultural mecca. c. The Colorado River never naturally reached the sea, but now, through diversions, we have artificially constructed a delta. d. Except in rare cases the over-used river no longer flows through the delta to the sea. Sources: Week 9b- there is a specific section about the CO River DeltaColorado River Compact of 1922: allocated 1/5 more water than we currently have!Serves almost 40 million people; diverts ~90% of US water for usSupply has steadily gone down & is pretty unreliable, while demand has increased w/ populations
GEOG 1972 Midterm 2 Study GuideBoulder: gets some water from CO River, “Colorado-Big Thompson project”, Adams Tunnel to Boulder res.Colorado River Aqueduct: 242 miles long, brings water from CO River to LA4. Managers use many strategies to manage water resources. Trans-basin diversions are examples of _________and low flush toilets are an example of ____________. a. Supply management; demand management b. Demand management; supply management c. High-technology solutions; low-technology solutions d. Short-term management; sustainable management e. Efficiency management; demand managementSources: Week 10 lectures (10a at the beginning of lecture slides)Started to touch on this in the last questionSuper basic principle in economics: cycle of supply vs. demandWorking w/ how the river is divided up is managing the supply of water; low- flush toilets affects the people using that supply of water5. Which is NOT an example of a demand management strategy for water? a. Low-flow irrigation b. Increased & tiered pricing systems c. Supplementing reservoir storage with groundwater d. Lawn watering regulationsSources: Week 10 lectures (10a beginnings)Same principle as the last questionAnswers a, b & d affect the people using the supply (the demanders)Putting more water into the reservoir affects the amount of supply6. True OR False: The Colorado River Compact was agreed in 1922, just after several years of less-than-average flow of the river. Sources: Week 9a (specific chart looking at CO River flows 1906-2010, 12th slide)Basically the opposite happened
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School: University of Colorado at Boulder
Course: Environment-Society Geography
Professor: Professor Travis
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: geography, Environment, and Society
Name: 1972 Exam 2 Study Guide
Description: 1. First section goes over the sample exam & why answers are correct
2. Review: vocabulary, key players, big concepts.
There is a Dead White Guy chart, as well as a chart on all examples (big & small) from lecture slides. At the top, there is a key for lectures, textbook & readings, etc.
I've tried to include more bullet points, fewer text blocks