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GEO 1972 - 1972 Exam 2 Study Guide - Study Guide

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GEO 1972 - 1972 Exam 2 Study Guide - Study Guide

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background image GEOG 1972 Midterm 2 Study Guide Hey guys! The format will be the more or less the same as with the first exam: the first  section will go over the sample questions & WHY they’re right. The second section will be more  of a review of content, major key players, examples, vocab, etc. I’ve tried to reduce blocks of  text (there’s still a lot of words), have more bullet points & more images/charts. A few suggestions:  I would highly recommend reading the Kates reading on Hurricane Katrina if you haven’t 
already. Prof. Travis discussed it pretty heavily, and it’s a good example to know.
Read Ch.7, at least the two sections about the two contradictions in capitalism in Marxist 
thought.
When reviewing lecture slides (you need to do that), pay special attention to the 
examples & case studies
RESOURCE KEY Material Covered  Lectures Weeks 7-10 Textbook: Ch. 5-8, 12 Reading: Kates et al. (Reconstruction of New Orleans after Katrina) Colorado River basin as resource Recitation wolf debate assignment
Yellowstone Wolf Reintro Video: 
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ysa5OBhXz-Q Textbook Summary: 
Ch.5: Environmental Ethics 
- Looks at people (John Muir, Gifford Pinchot, Aldo Leopold) - Ethics, utilitarianism  Ch.6: Risks & Hazards - Environment as a danger - Risk perception, risk as apart of culture Ch.7: Political Economy - Looking at Marxist theories applied to environment  - Contradictions of capitalism - Development in the modern world  Ch.8: Social Construction of Nature 
Ch.12: Uranium 
- Case study: radioactivity, nuclear power  - Hazards Lecture Key 
Week 7: Marxist critique of capitalism, political economy, environmental ethics (Ch.5), 
environment as resource
Week 8: Conservation, yields, utilitarianism, social construction of nature, wolf debate
Week 9: Continuation of environment as resource, Colorado River Basin information, tragedy of 
the commons example, supply vs. demand management
Week 10: Demand vs. supply management, Ch.6 Risks & Hazards, Kates reading & Hurricane 
Katrina, technological hazards & adaptation
Week 11: Continuation of Hurricane Katrina recovery, Sandy recovery, 500 Year Flood recovery in
Lyons. 11b: technological hazards & nuclear power risks
SAMPLE EXAM REVIEW
background image GEOG 1972 Midterm 2 Study Guide 1. The Marxist critique of capitalism identifies an essential contradiction:  a. That labor by definition controls the means of production and thus labor has more  power than capitalism in a capitalist system.  b. That over-production of commodities & over-accumulation of wealth eventually  undermines the conditions in which capitalism thrives.  c. That natural objects like trees & water cannot be turned into commodities essential for  trade that supports capitalism.  Sources: Ch.7: Political Economy, Week 7 lecture notes  This is the central tenant, a summary of the Marxist critique of capitalism.  There are 2 contradictions laid out: 
1. First Contradiction of Capitalism: The tendency in capitalism to undermine the 
economic conditions needed for its own perpetuation. 
Ex: reducing wages of workers so much that they can’t even afford to buy the stuff 
they’re making. Overaccumulation of wealth (the top 1%)  fewer people actually have 
purchasing power. 
2. Second Contradiction of Capitalism: The tendency in capitalism to undermine the  environmental conditions needed for its own perpetuation. 
Ex: In an effort to increase production, overexploitation of resources. Damaging the 
health of employees taking the cheapest way out. Degradation of the site/resources. 
If these are confusing, understand that capitalism relies on profits constantly increasing; 
and you either need to achieve this by reducing wages or production costs in some way, or
by increasing exploitation of resources. Either way, the end path is that capitalism 
implodes in on itself, and capitalism is its own worst enemy. 
**Would highly recommend reading the two sections on these contradictions in Ch.7** 2. True OR False: The dominion thesis in environmental ethics holds that humans should be  dominated by natural processes.  Sources:  Ch.5 “Improving Nature: From Biblical Tradition to John Locke”, Week 7 
lecture 
Dominion Thesis is actually the opposite of what is said here.  Dominion Thesis: comes from the Book of Genesis in the Bible. Declares that humans are 
the pinnacle of creation, and are granted the right and furthermore, a responsibility to 
tame and use nature in whatever way deemed beneficial. 
Leads to the concept of “stewardship”, that we have a responsibility to ‘care’ for nature 3. The Colorado River delta is increasingly the focus of attention because a. The number of costly and destructive floods that are increasing with climate change. 
b. It has been used as the set for a number of films and is becoming a cultural mecca. 
c. The Colorado River never naturally reached the sea, but now, through diversions, we 
have artificially constructed a delta.  d. Except in rare cases the over-used river no longer flows through the delta to the sea.  Sources: Week 9b- there is a specific section about the CO River Delta Colorado River Compact of 1922: allocated 1/5 more water than we currently have! Serves almost 40 million people; diverts ~90% of US water for us Supply has steadily gone down & is pretty unreliable, while demand has increased w/ 
populations
background image GEOG 1972 Midterm 2 Study Guide Boulder: gets some water from CO River, “Colorado-Big Thompson project”, Adams Tunnel 
to Boulder res.
Colorado River Aqueduct: 242 miles long, brings water from CO River to LA   4. Managers use many strategies to manage water resources. Trans-basin diversions are  examples of _________and low flush toilets are an example of ____________. 
a. Supply management; demand management 
b. Demand management; supply management
c. High-technology solutions; low-technology solutions
d. Short-term management; sustainable management
e. Efficiency management; demand management
Sources: Week 10 lectures (10a at the beginning of lecture slides) Started to touch on this in the last question Super basic principle in economics: cycle of supply vs. demand Working w/ how the river is divided up is managing the supply of water; low- flush toilets 
affects the people using that supply of water
5. Which is NOT an example of a demand management strategy for water?  a. Low-flow irrigation
b. Increased & tiered pricing systems 
c. Supplementing reservoir storage with groundwater
d. Lawn watering regulations
Sources: Week 10 lectures (10a beginnings) Same principle as the last question Answers a, b & d affect the people using the supply (the demanders) Putting more water into the reservoir affects the amount of supply 6. True OR False: The Colorado River Compact was agreed in 1922, just after several years of  less-than-average flow of the river.  Sources: Week 9a (specific chart looking at CO River flows 1906-2010, 12 th  slide) Basically the opposite happened

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School: University of Colorado at Boulder
Department: OTHER
Course: Environment-Society Geography
Professor: Professor Travis
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: geography, Environment, and Society
Name: 1972 Exam 2 Study Guide
Description: 1. First section goes over the sample exam & why answers are correct 2. Review: vocabulary, key players, big concepts. There is a Dead White Guy chart, as well as a chart on all examples (big & small) from lecture slides. At the top, there is a key for lectures, textbook & readings, etc. I've tried to include more bullet points, fewer text blocks
Uploaded: 11/05/2016
11 Pages 122 Views 97 Unlocks
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