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UA / Psychology / PSY 150 / What is longtitudinal study?

What is longtitudinal study?

What is longtitudinal study?

Description

School: University of Arizona
Department: Psychology
Course: Structure of Mind & Behavior
Professor: Adam lazarewicz
Term: Spring 2016
Tags: Intro to Psychology
Cost: 25
Name: Psychology 150 week 13 notes; ending of chapter 12 and beginning of chapter 13
Description: These notes cover part of what's going to be on the exam.
Uploaded: 11/08/2016
4 Pages 200 Views 0 Unlocks
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Psychology is: Structure of Mind and BehaviorWe also discuss several other topics like What is the nature of strategic planning?

Review Erik Erikson’s workDon't forget about the age old question of How does sociology help us to disentangle biological from sociological phenomena?
If you want to learn more check out how many moles of k+ are present in 343 ml of a 1.27 m solution of k3po4?

Adulthood and old Age: did age, physical and cognitive changes

  • Senses begin to deteriorate in early adulthood
  • Usually not noticed until later
  • ~65 years old: increasing likelihood of dementia(progressive decline of cognitive skills, beyond normal aging)
  • Disorientation in time, place, and person
  • = 60% cases of dementia due to Alzheimer’s disease

If you want to learn more check out during which substage of piaget's sensorimotor stage does the child "begin to act upon the outside world," a process by which infants seek to repeat enjoyable events in their environments if they happen to produce them through chance activities?
We also discuss several other topics like uncc online courses

Alzheimer’s Disease

  • Progressive and irreversible brain disorder
  • Gradual deterioration of memory, reasoning, language, and (lastly) physical functioning
  • cause(s) unclear
  • Loss of brain cells
  • Deterioration of acetylcholine producing neurons (memory and thinking deficits)
  • 2 abnormalities in these neurons: plagues at tips of neuron branches and neurofibrillary tangles in cell bodies

Don't forget about the age old question of retirement of bonds journal entry

Cognitive Development in Old Age

  • Most people experience memory slipping in adulthood / old age
  • Depends on type of memory
  • Scholguld and Robertson (1966): adults of different ages memorize word list
  • IV: participants recall / recognize word list
  • OV: number of words remembered
  • Intelligence: cross - sectional study. Study in which people of different ages one compared at same time
  • Suggests decline
  • longitudinal study - study in which same people are restarted and retested over a long period
  • Suggests stability
  • Cross - sectional compares not only age, but cohorts

Social Development in Old Age

  • Happiness:
  • Inglehart (1990): 170 people, 16 countries
  • If anything positive feelings increase in old age

Life Expectancy and Gender

  • Males more prone to aging
  • Strickland (1992): 126 male embryos begin life from every 100 female
  • Ratio at birth = 105:100
  • Infant death rate during 1rst year = 25% higher in boys than girls
  • Worldwide respon for women = +4 years

Why is it shorter lifespan for males?

  • Males consume more alcohol, nicotine, and other drugs than females
  • Males more likely to commit suicide
  • Males more aggressive, likely to be involved in violent confrontations
  • Males more likely to be in military
  • More risk when driving cars, motorcycles

Personal Psychology

  • Personality: an individual characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting
  • Individual differences
  • Implies consistency: enduring stable qualities

Sigmund Freud (1856 - 1939)

  • Austrian Neurologist
  • Early interest in cocaine as treatment for physical / mental ailments
  • Addiction, overdose, etc
  • Develops interest in nervous disorders

Anna O. ( ← Freud’s patient)

  • Treated for “hysteria” by Freud
  • Limb paralysis on right side of body
  • Vision, hearing, and speech issues
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Fainting symptoms?sympathy from Freud → first “therapy” sessions
  • Hypnosis: traumatic childhood memory
  • Are we anxious about things that we are unaware of

The Unconscious

  • Unconscious: collection of unacceptable thoughts, wishes, desires, feelings., memories
  • Powerful influence over thoughts / behavior?
  • Psychoanalysis: hydraulic theory that attributes thoughts and behavior to unconscious motives and conflicts
  • Patient’s issues: too much “ pressure” in consciousness?
  • Succeeding unconscious → release pressure

Accessing The Unconscious

  • Freud found deeper meaning in almost everything
  • E.g dreams: “the royal load to the unconscious”
  • Manifest vs latent content
  • E.g. free association
  • Response to stimulus with 1rst thing that comes to mind
  • E.g. slips of the tongue
  • “A freedom slip is line saying one thing but meaning your mother”
  • Projective tests: personality tests using ambiguous stimuli to elicit projection of inner conflicts
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