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ASU / Biology / BIO 181 / What is cellular respiration in simpler terms?

What is cellular respiration in simpler terms?

What is cellular respiration in simpler terms?

Description

School: Arizona State University
Department: Biology
Course: General Biology I
Professor: Katsanos abraham
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Cost: 50
Name: Exam III Study guide re-upload
Description: Exam III Study guide Cornell Note
Uploaded: 11/09/2016
5 Pages 38 Views 2 Unlocks
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What is cellular respiration in simple terms?



sanes Topic

sub Topic

Labels

Exam 3 Study Guide

Goal o lake ATP for cell storage, and

energy usage

Cellular Respistat

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b.) 2

3-6 molecules

-

split

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WADI-reduced (gains 2e->


What is glycolysis in biology?



Given by NADH (phosphat)

(ADP

POO

Basics: 1. We eat foods that contain carbohydrates.

(glucose Carbonydrates are absorbed in the bloodstream, will then leaves though capillanes, and enter If you want to learn more check out What are the main lobes of the brain?

a tissue cell.

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· Glucose will be come oxidized, releasing high


Why did kratos say the cycle ends here?



energy electrons

d.)

produced

8

8

2

Ryluvate

Formula Ce Hip Out 602

ЧТР (2 for each

molecuse)

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6602 + 6H2O + ATP + heat

SARP?

Key

Terms:

oxidation loss of e

ZATP

(becames more t)

reduction : gains e If you want to learn more check out What is organolithium?

(becomes more -)

Net i 2 ATP (because you started out w/ ZATP already We also discuss several other topics like Who created the largest empire in the world?

2 pyruvate 2 NADH

Glucolosisz Glucolosis. -glucose is used as energy

Pyruvate + NADH

When enter

OXYGEN is present

mitochondria

WHERE: Cytoplasm 10 reactions

a.) two ATP molecules transfer

energy to Glucose

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SummARY & + 2 eur +4ATP

2 NAD

2 ATP

+ beat

forms

6-6

NADH

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sugar (tretose)

(reduced We also discuss several other topics like What is the boolean conjunctive normal form?

gains ze

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ch purvate. Molecule converted to actyleCoA

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Tormula acetyl CoA > 002 + NADH

FADH. 1 ATP

WHERE mitochondria

Reactants

ays

Sumar

conta

NCH

C Net (for en glucosecele completes 2x

O . once for each pyruvate) Don't forget about the age old question of What is the musical example used for theme and variation?

-

on

Put ondation to krebs = NADH. 2FADH22AH

IC & ZCE

Krebs cyce - fully oxidize glucose

flechod Tod Chain

4 ETC - move electrons & protons a ss gradient to fuel ATP production

(citric

and cycle

WHERE mitochond na nutric

Wire: intembre

COA

0000 Oxalocetate

co

Cime

START

Vooooo

eng Coco

Coco ENP

complex l -NADH oxidized. Closes e-) complex 2 - FADH, donates e to come.ex 2 complex 3 pulls e- from c'7C2 Complex 4 pulls to complex 4. Oxycten Do

up accepts and a wat is used on

coz

0000

CDP

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SummARY NADH + 2 FADH. + ADP -> ATP HD NAD

32-34

SummARY 4-Carbon molecule is the start and end to krebs cycle.

saturated lipids are necessary

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dy SOLIS

. ADP

ATP

FAD FADH2, AADI NADH

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Photosyo

A

Purpose: utilize

sunlight

for energy

plants

Photosynthess Contd)

absorb blue & red waxlengths reflect green yellow

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only 4% of

sunlight

permitted

"BOTH -

Dependent

Photosynthesis + Cellular Respiration use & T CUP

WHERE: Thylakoid

G. ATP

onotuslení

FormuLA 6CO2 + 6H2O

→ C6H2 Ou + 602

photoslems

protein

NADIR)

Oood

or

reduced

oxydized

Exergonic

Reaction

Endogonic

Reaction

-Chlorophyll

Abran muy

Thylakoid Space

Cholopholt

-

Center

sunight I

Peachun foot center

A

of chlorophyll tooel(electrons A

T'excited!)

Time

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Plant

Cell

Chloroplast

ody Sov

Thyla kord

I where do e-come from?! So watermolecules in

thulakord space Where does Oxygen come from? the Oxygen molecuve

lett over conce H2O gives 2e- to photostem!

Granen

Study OUS

insides

urnen outside

Stroma

Key terms!

Photoni

SUMMARY NADPH, and ATP molecutes are provided to stroma These two are used for light-independent reactions

now.

3) Studs Soup

Wavelength

Mari

Gamma xrays

intrance

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Iphoto synthetic orgamsms (plants) only use ursible light

Chlorophyl molecules absorb pnotons of light

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Signaling

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Cell -releases signaling molecules

3) StudySource

- Light - Independent Reactions

(Calvin Cycle)

6-c molecule splits in 2 - > 00000- 000 ood CO2+ 0000 (

Ribulose s-Diphosphate

(RuBP) (Carboxylation) A

Regeneration

Cell Commun ication

ATP.

Reduction

01

3

NADPH

MADP

Responding cell receptor proteins bind to signaling

molecute

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of 2 (Glyceralde

these

(Glyceraldehyde

3-Phosphate)

For every 3

are used

tums in the cycle, s to generate 3 RuBP

Low population density

signaling peptide too low to receptors

to bind

sady se

Glyceraldehyde remaining, is used to make glucese,

orglyceral Calum Cycle runs Le times

High

Photo phosphorylando

Oxidative resprothon , ETC, chemiosmosis)

Steps

in

Cell

signaling

Receptor

Activation

Energy in Molecules

Signal transduchun 200 9

→ response activating an enzyme

plasma

membran

signal is transmitted to interior

or turning

progress

of reaction

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on trans chiption

Tormina new signals

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Endocrine Signaling

3 Types

of Cell Surface Receptors

G protein-coupled reaptek

th ligand

Study

inactive

Active

Signal travels chulatory system

(Long distances)

Receptor Kinaxe

Oligand

Shud ou

Paracrine Signaling

(Short distances)

Inactire

Active

SOUT

St

Autocrine

(shortest distances)

Ligand-gated ion

OAS

Signaling

SOR

inactive

Active

Contact - Dependent Signal

mokTM NOTES: refer to slides on

Blackboard content for more in depth explanation! These are very general pictures. theres way more to cell signaling!

Intracelluks

Receptor

Small non polas signaling freely pass

through plasma membrane Non-polac: Nucleus

Judyou

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cross cytoplasma

Cell Surface | Receptors

Polar signaling molecules cannot plasma membrace.

Reminders! bring 1.D.

no, a pencil GOOD Luck look over application as in

google docs

Important Concepts I

DID NOT cover

•Fermentation .G-proteins

• Receptor kinases

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