×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to UH - PSYC 1300 - Class Notes - Week 12
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to UH - PSYC 1300 - Class Notes - Week 12

Already have an account? Login here
×
Reset your password

UH / Psychology / PSYC 1300 / mental processes or behavior patterns that cause emotional distress or

mental processes or behavior patterns that cause emotional distress or

mental processes or behavior patterns that cause emotional distress or

Description

School: University of Houston
Department: Psychology
Course: Intro to Psychology
Professor: Herb agan
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Psychology, anxiety, ADHD, add, asd, Schizophrenia, personality, Disorder, panic, and phobia
Cost: 25
Name: Psyc 1300 Chapter 12 Notes- Anxiety Disorders
Description: These notes cover Chapter 12 from “Mastering the World of Psychology” by Samuel E. Wood, Ellen Green Wood, Denise Boyd These notes include key terms, vocab, and examples...plus information needed for the upcoming exam
Uploaded: 11/09/2016
4 Pages 108 Views 1 Unlocks
Reviews



*Children with ADD are well-behaved in the home setting, however, in a school setting is when the differences can be seen between them and their peers…thus no diagnosis can be made until these differences are identified in social situations?




-How maladaptive is this person’s behavior?




WHAT IS ABNORMAL BEHAVIOR?



Chapter 12 from “Mastering the World of Psychology” by Samuel E. Wood, Ellen Green  Wood, Denise Boyd Pg 393. Psychological Disorders: Mental processesDon't forget about the age old question of econ 1 class notes
Don't forget about the age old question of psych 280 umich
Don't forget about the age old question of cartesian worldview
Don't forget about the age old question of msu math class pages
We also discuss several other topics like the length of time required for an investment to generate cash flows sufficient to recover its initial cost is the:
Don't forget about the age old question of pramw
or behavior patterns that cause  emotional distress or substantial impairment in functioning WHAT IS ABNORMAL BEHAVIOR? *” To be abnormal, a behavior must be maladaptive and consistent with other criteria” Questions to ask: -How maladaptive is this person’s behavior? -Is this behavior considered strange, even in this person’s own culture? -Do other people their age behave similarly? -Does the behavior cause the individual distress? -Is the person endangering themselves? -Is the person legally responsible for their actions? Pg 395. DSM-5: 2013, “Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition; a  manual published by the American Psychiatric Association, which describes the criteria  used to classify and diagnose mental disorders” FIVE THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES ON EXPLAINING PSYCHO. DISORDERS Biological: disorders caused by genetics and biology, thus requiring prescription drugs Biopsychosocial: recognizes genetics and social factors, thus treatments include drugs and  psycho therapy Psychodynamic: sees causes of disorders as traumatic childhood events and unconscious  conflicts, thus treated with psychoanalysis Learning: believe maladaptive behaviors are learned like any other behavior and become  habits, thus treated with behavior therapy Cognitive: identifies faulty thinking and distorted perceptions as causes for disorders, thus  treatment focuses on changing perceptions Pg 397. ANXIETY DISORDERS Anxiety Disorders: Psychological disorders characterized by frequent fearful thoughts  about what might happen in the future Panic Attack: episode of overwhelming anxiety, fear, or terror.  Agoraphobia: intense fear of being in a situation without escape or help Panic Disorder: disorder where person experiences recurring episodes of anxiety and fear Pg 400. GENERALIZED DISORDERS AND PHOBIAS Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD): anxiety disorder where people experience excessive  worry for 6 or more months  Social Anxiety Disorder (social phobia): irrational fear and avoidance of any social  situations where one might be embarrassed in front of others  Phobia: ongoing, inexplicable fear of some specific item that poses little to no real danger  Specific Phobia: “marked fear of a specific object or situation; a general label for any phobia  other than agoraphobia and social phobia” fear is intense and irrational, often causing one to react with screaming or shaking Pg 401. OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE DISORDER Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD): anxiety disorder where a person has obsessive and  recurring habits Obsession: persistent, involuntary impulse or “thought that invades consciousness and  causes great distress” Compulsion: irrational urge to perform an act or ritual repeatedly Pg 403. DEPRESSIVE AND BIPOLAR DISORDER Depressive Disorders: characterized by extreme/sudden mood swings  Bipolar Disorder: mood disorder with manic episodes that transition between feelings of extreme depression and joy Major Depressive Disorder: mood disorder marked by feelings of great despair and  hopelessness plus the loss of the ability to experience pleasure  Symptoms: changes in appetite, weight, or sleep patterns  reaction time, and speech may be so slowed,   others are constantly moving and fidgeting, wringing their hands Manic Episode: “period of excessive euphoria, inflated self-esteem, wild optimism, and  hyperactivity, often accompanied by delusions of grandeur and by hostility if activity is  blocked” Explanations for disorders: Neuroticism ???? the imbalance of chemicals in the brain Heredity ???? genetics can pass on disordersStressors ???? major stress can overwhelm people Culture ???? how cultures’ ideas on how we should feel and act influences people Gender ???? women are more likely to have depression SUICIDE, RACE, GENDER, AND AGE *though women are 4 times more likely to attempt suicide, men are more likely to succeed  as they are more likely to look to firearms as a method while women look to poisoning  themselves and overdosing -90% of people who commit suicide leave clues before doing so Pg 407. SCHIZOPHRENIA Psychosis: condition where one no longer has a sense of reality  Schizophrenia: psychological disorder where individuals experiences hallucinations (like  voices), delusions and other strange behaviors  Explanations for Schizophrenia: Constitutional Vulnerability ???? Natural factors that put the person at risk of developing the  illness, like bacteria at birth or genetics Stress ???? not a cause of schizo. but can put someone more at risk than those without stress Neuromaturational Processes ???? people’s brain do not mature appropriately and there may  be neuron damage Symptoms: Derailment: inability to finish thoughts without having them jump from subject to subject Hallucination: imaginary sensation  Delusion: false belief or perception  Delusion of Grandeur: false perception that one is a famous person, powerful, etc. Delusion of Persecution: paranoia that someone is trying to harm “you” Pg 411. SOMATIC SYMPTOM, DISSOCIATIVE, GENDER, AND PRESONALITY DISORDERS Somatic Disorder Somatic Symptom Disorders: situation where “physical symptoms are present that are due  to psychological causes rather than any known medical condition” Conversion Disorder: somatoform disorder where person suffers a loss of motor or sensory  functioning in some part of the body; loss is due to mental disorder not physical injury  Dissociative Disorder Dissociative Disorder: under unbearable stress, person loses memory of their own identity  and important events in their life  Dissociative Amnesia: situation where there is a loss of the ability to recall personal  information or identify past experiences  Dissociative Fugue (FEWG): complete loss of one’s identity leads to reinventing identity  *when people wake up from FEWG, they tend to forget the memories of the new identity  they invented Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID): where two or more different personalities occur in  the same person with lack of memory as to what information is for which personality Sexual Dysfunction Sexual Dysfunctions: Persistent problems involving sexual pleasure (ex: some men need  Viagra to restore erection ability) Paraphilic Disorders: recurrent sexual urges, fantasies involving strange desires like  objects, children, or rape Personality Disorders Personality Disorder: maladaptive pattern of behaving and relating to others *usually begins in young age Pg 415. CHILDHOOD DISORDERS Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorders (DMDD): disorder where children are highly  irritable and have frequent outbursts of temper that interfere with everyday life Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD): child lacks the ability to make or keep relationships *children with ASD have a difficulty or inability understanding others’ perspectives or how  they view one’s comments or behaviors Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): difficulty paying attention or dedicating  focus to one task  *Children with ADD are well-behaved in the home setting, however, in a school setting is  when the differences can be seen between them and their peers…thus no diagnosis can be  made until these differences are identified in social situations

Page Expired
5off
It looks like your free minutes have expired! Lucky for you we have all the content you need, just sign up here