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UIUC - ARTH 211 - Class Notes - Week 12

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UIUC - ARTH 211 - Class Notes - Week 12

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background image LECTURES  11.7.16  Ecological, Counter Culture, and Anti-Design Design, 1960s-70s    Themes  o  Challenges to Industrial Design Practice    Victor Papanek 
  Buckminster Fuller 
  Stewart Brand 
o  Anti-Design    Archizoom 
  Superstudio 
  Terms/Names  o  Stewart Brand 
o  Whole Earth Catalog (published 1968-1972) 
o  Victor Papanek (Design for the Real World, 1971) 
o  Buckminster Fuller 
o  Applied Technology 
o  Appropriate Technology 
o  Alternate Technology (AT) 
o  “ecology of affluence” (Ramachandra Guha) 
o  Systems thinking 
  Victor Papanek  o  “There are professions more harmful than industrial design, but only a very few of  them...If a person liked killing people he had to become a general , purchase a coal mine, 
or else study nuclear physics. Today industrial designers have put murder on a mass 
production basis. By designing criminally unsafe automobiles that kill or maim nearly 
one million people around the world each year, by creating whole new species of 
permanent garbage to clutter up the landscape, and by choosing material and processes 
that pollute the air we breathe, designers have become a dangerous breed.” ~ Victor 
Papanek, Design for the Real World  
  Design is geared toward marketing and not safety  o  Considered design as a problem-solving activity 
o  Wanted to restore a sense of purpose to design—as an activity to help the survival of 
the planet and done for the social good   o  Simple materials, simple technology, very minimal     Not anti-technology but tried to avoid high technology 
  Using things that were available to people in the real world 
  Called “appropriate technology” (also known as alternate or applied 
technology)    Appropriate technology uses simple technology (low-tech), is labor- intensive, and is a capital saving method of working. It also often 
involves using local materials and energy sources. 
o  Papanek worked with Nomadic Furniture  
background image   This book seeks to provide a blueprint for people to build things themselves 
  They are meant to function outside of the mainstream market  
o  “If I design a toy that provides therapeutic exercise for handicapped children, then I  think it is unjust to delay the release of the design by a year and a half, going through 
a patent application. 
I feel that ideas are plentiful and cheap, and it is wrong to make 
money off the needs of others.” 
~ Papanek, Design for the Real World 
  Buckminster Fuller   o  Wanted to redirect technology away from business and consumerism and toward social  responsibility (similar to Papanek)  o  Believed that applied technology was the way to solve problems  
o  Fuller, Geodesic Dome for the US Pavilion at the World’s Fair, Montreal, Canada, 1967  
  Was constructed in a few different places but the one in Montreal was the most  famous    Lightweight materials 
  Geodesic domes are the most efficient structures ever created in terms of 
material weight    They distribute stress and tension economically throughout the  structure    Not suitable for urban environments  
  Impossible to extend once its built  
  Acoustics are very bad 
  Lots of ambient noise    Not suited to Canadian weather    The tubes expanded and contracted with the cold/hot which caused  leaks     Trying to repair one of the leak caused a fire, destroying the shell and  leaving only the structure     Engineered it to be simple so that anyone could build it    Thought that it could meet housing needs/solve the housing crisis      Only the hippies/people of counter-culture really got into the geodesic domes    They actually used it as their homes 
  Inexpensive, easy to build, environmentally friendly, and portable 
  Similar to the Tiny House Movement of today  
  Stewart Brand  o  Deeply influenced by Fuller and Papanek  
o  Whole Earth Catalog  
  Products for simply living 
  Do-it-yourself aesthetic  
  Forum to discuss issues of environmental sustainability in an accessible and 
humorous way   o  Aimed to harness the power of nature in order to create more meaningful ways of  living and building better and more sustainable systems of energy   o  Pragmatic environmentalism was about looking for innovation that could create  sustainable living 

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School: University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign
Department: Art History
Course: Design History Survey
Professor: Weissman
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: postmodernism, Buckminster, Fuller, Victor, Papanek, stewart, brand, applied, Technology, AT, NeoLiberalism, and punk
Name: ARTH 211 Design History: Week 12 Lecture Notes
Description: These notes cover week 12 lectures. We talked about challenges to the design practice, anti-design, and postmodernism. These notes do NOT include notes on the readings for this week.
Uploaded: 11/13/2016
5 Pages 43 Views 34 Unlocks
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