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MU - POL 241 - Study Guide 3 - Study Guide

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MU - POL 241 - Study Guide 3 - Study Guide

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background image Mikayla Mitchell ­­ Study Guide 3 Why do we hold elections? o Select representatives o Influence policy output o Hold elected officials accountable o Legitimacy 2 step process alters candidate strategy o Primary:  open vs closed base strategy o General election: runs towards the middle Plurality voting vs majority voting Presidential elections o Before the nomination process: invisible primary o Nomination: caucuses, primaries, and convention o Why order is important: State electors = House + Senate Winner takes all, except Maine and Nebraska Consequences December electors meet, vote, 20 out of 538 wins o Tie: if no candidate gets a majority of electoral votes House decides Each state gets 1 vote to choose between top 3 finishers in the electoral 
college vote
The senate would choose the VP Has only happened twice in our history Electoral college: criticism o Leads certain states to be ignored o Lets those who lose the popular vote win o Disadvantages third parties Electoral college: pros o Federal form of government as embodied in the Constitution weights small states  more o The electoral system encourages presidential candidates to campaign on foot in  rural areas, rather than just via TV o Potential problems of a nationwide recount in a close election Reforms: o Direct election with IRV: Instead of voting only for a single candidate, in IRV voters can rank the 
candidates in order of preference
Ballots are initially counted for each elector's top choice. If a candidate 
secures more than half of these votes, that candidate wins. 
background image Otherwise, the candidate in last place is eliminated and removed from 
consideration. The top remaining choices on all the ballots are then 
counted again.
o Proportional allocation splits each state’s electoral votes in accordance with their 
popular vote percentages
This way, a candidate who come in second place in a state with 
45% of the popular vote would receive 45% of the electoral 
votes from that state, instead of 0%
o Direct vote with plurality rule This method would abolish the Electoral College and require 
each person to cast one vote for the candidate of their choice. 
The candidate who receives the most votes nationwide would 
win the election, with or without a majority of the votes. 
This option would require a constitutional amendment to be 
implemented and would therefore need the support of 2/3 of 
Congress and 3/4 of the states
o Congressional district method This method divides electoral votes by district, allocating one 
vote to each district and using the remaining two as a bonus for 
the statewide popular vote winner
Gerrymandering potential problem o National bonus plan retains the current Electoral College system, but also awards 
extra electoral votes as a bonus to the winner of the popular 
o binding proposal amend the Constitution to bind all electors federally, meaning 
that they would be forced to vote based on their party pledge if 
their party's nominee wins their state. Her amendment would 
also enshrine the winner-take-all unit rule into the Constitution. 
Eligibility for office o President: natural born citizen, 35 years, resident of country for 14 
o Senators: citizen for 9 years, 30 years old, reside in state from which 
o Representatives: citizen 7 years, 25 yrs old, reside in state o State and local: varies by state Who runs? o White men historically o Lawyers o Educators o Millionaires o Christians Who wins?

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School: Miami University
Department: Political Science
Course: American Politics
Professor: Tarah Williams
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Election, campaign, and voting
Name: Study Guide 3
Description: These notes cover what will be on our next test.
Uploaded: 11/14/2016
6 Pages 27 Views 21 Unlocks
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