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FSU - CCJ 2020 - Exam 3 Guide- Introduction to Criminal Justice -

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FSU - CCJ 2020 - Exam 3 Guide- Introduction to Criminal Justice -

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background image Exam 3 Review: Introduction to Criminal Justice Chapter 12: Probation, Parole, and Intermediate Sanctions Key Words Probation: Community supervision Parole: Supervised early release of inmates Statutory Parole: When a judge sets a date for parole Medical Parole: People who are sick and deemed a low- risk Quasi: Looking at probationers/ parolees as clients Intermediate Sanctions: Alternative sentencing Split Sentencing: Combination of imprisonment and probation Home Confinement: House arrest Probation Community supervision o Sentence from judge
o Supervised or monitored
o Can be split or whole sentence
o Judicial sanction
History o Started in the 1950’s
o John Augustus
Shoemaker who allowed defendants who went to trials to 
live with him and work in his shop while he watched over 
them
Started with crimes of public intoxication then moved
to higher crimes
o Housed over 2000 people 1878, Massachusetts legislature hired its first probation 
officer
By 1925, every state had hired the practice o Most common punishment in the US Conditions o General Everybody needs to obey the rules No firearm Some type of work Stay within the state o Special Tailored to individual probationer Drug testing GED Community service In some cases, “no more kids” o Abuse
background image o Drug dealers
o Sex offenders
Parole Supervised early release o Parole board/ administrative decision Have at least spent some time in prison Goal: to transition inmates back into society History: o Elmira Reformatory in New York (1878) Juvenile offenders Behavioral motivation Rehabilitation Decision-making mechanisms o Parole- Boards Group of correctional agents Listen to the inmate’s progress o Decide whether they would be a benefit to  society if released Discretionary decision o Statutory Parole Judge sets date for parole As long as no new crimes o Medical Parole (compassionate release) People who are deemed low risk *15 states have abolished parole and 5 states have abolished it for 
certain offenses*
Advantages Cheaper Allows defendants to keep ties with community Decrease risk to associate with other criminals Better opportunity for rehabilitation Disadvantages Not as strict Could be a risk to the community Revoking  Consequence of violation of rules o Failing drug/ alcohol test
o Missing meeting
Job of Probation and Parole Officer Four functions: o Intake procedures Examines offenders background
background image Dispute- settlement process More common for juvenile offenders o Diagnosis and Needs Assessment Diagnosis Formal: written tests Informal: observations Needs assessment extends beyond psychological needs o Client Supervision Most active Months of meeting Ongoing o Presentence Investigations Confidential Officer and clients’ communications can be shared if 
needed 
Challenges of a Probation and Prole Officer Social work services (quasi) and custodial responsibilities are the main 
responsibilities
o Quasi Looked at as clients Assess needs Matching community resources “Helping profession” o Corrections and Custodial Supervision Emphasis on community protection Visits at work and home Caseloads In 1973, the recommendation was 35 clients per officer o Today it is about 250 Postcard probation o Clients mail in their whereabouts Little career mobility for officers More of a stressful job today Intermediate Sanctions Intensive supervision o House arrest
o Remote location monitoring
Sentencing project o Alternatives to incarceration
o Alternatives to people who judges see don’t pose much of a 
threat to society Advantages o Less expensive to offenders

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School: Florida State University
Department: Criminal Justice
Course: Introduction to Criminal Justice
Professor: Elizabeth Borkowski
Term: Spring 2016
Tags:
Name: Exam 3 Guide- Introduction to Criminal Justice
Description: This study guide goes over probation, parole and intermediate sanctions. This also goes over the jail and prison differences and advantages and disadvantages of both.
Uploaded: 11/14/2016
8 Pages 69 Views 55 Unlocks
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