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MSU / Industrl & Systems Engineering / ISE 1103 / What is the defining characteristic of judaism?

What is the defining characteristic of judaism?

What is the defining characteristic of judaism?

Description

School: Mississippi State University
Department: Industrl & Systems Engineering
Course: Intro to Religion
Professor: Joseph witt
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: religion, islam, judaism, and christianity
Cost: 50
Name: Test 2 Study Guide
Description: These notes cover all the material that will be tested on in Test 2. This includes a study guide and all of the notes from each major religion that was covered.
Uploaded: 11/22/2016
15 Pages 37 Views 1 Unlocks
Reviews


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TEST 2 REVIEWWe also discuss several other topics like What refers to a person's ability to correctly identify those without the disease?

  • Mixture of multiple choice and IDs and short answer

If you want to learn more check out Which planet is also known as the “upside-down planet”?

If you want to learn more check out What does "double arrow" mean?
If you want to learn more check out What is the role of intellectual property right?

RELIGION AND MODERNITY

  • Secularization: pushing religion out of society or culture
  • New Religious Movements
  • Break away from established traditions by blending elements of other diverse religious or cultural or social
  • Know examples!
  • Sikhism
  • Mormon Church

If you want to learn more check out In what temperature do rocks melt down in asthenosphere ?

JUDAISM

  1. Patriarchs
  • Abraham and Sarah -> Isaac (2nd Son)
  1. Hagar -> has Abraham's child, Ishmael (1st Son)
  2. Isaac -> Jacob ("Israel") (he who wrestles with God)

  1. Exodus
  • Moses leads the Israelites out of Egypt
  • Halakha - law (commandments given from God), also means "to walk".

  1. Babylonian Captivity
  • 586 BCE
  • Diaspora = "to scatter" or religious group forced out of homeland but retains religious traditions
  • Rabbis - teachers
  • Synagogues - places of prayer

  1. Fall of the 2nd Temple
  • Sadducees - Priests
  • Pharisees - rabbis (emphasis on "the law" of Judaism)
  • Both believed in the end of the worlds
  1. Essenes - ascetic (denies worldly pleasures to be closer to God)
  2. Zealots - revolutionaries

  1. Torah - sacred text read by Rabbis
  • "The Teachings"
  • Written Torah
  1. Scripture
  2. Physical Form
  3. "Tanak"
  • T = Torah; 5 books of Moses
  • N = Neviim; books of prophets
  • K = Ketuvim; wisdom literature

  • Oral Torah
  1. interpretation by rabbis
  2. "Talmud"
  3. Mishnah (interpretation of Tanak)
  4. Gemara (interpretation of Mishnah)

  1. 613 Commandments in Judaism
  • Kosher - "fit", dietary laws
  • Tefillin - prayer boxes (worn on arm and head)

If you want to learn more check out What is in the hypodermis layer?

  1. Holidays
  • Sabbath (weekly)
  • High Holy Days (around Fall)
  1. Rosh Hashanah - New Year
  2. Yom Kippur - Day of Atonement
  • Passover (around Spring) - Exodus
  1. Seder - ceremonial meal for passover

JUDAISM 

  • Halakha "the law" - Jewish religious law (includes commandments)
  • Babylonian Captivity (586 BCE) - beginning of Jewish diaspora
  • Diaspora "to scatter"
  • Synagogue "place of prayer"
  • Rabbi "teacher"
  • Groups in Roman Judea
  • Sadducees ("Priestly")
  • Pharisees (Rabbis)
  • Apocalyptic groups:
  • Essences: Ascetics
  • Zealots: Warfare

  • Text: Torah
  • Tanak aka written torah
  • Talmud aka oral torah
  • Kosher "fit" (dietary laws)
  • Tefillin "prayer boxes"
  • Passover (passover seder)
  • Bar Mitzvah (coming of age for boys -> men)
  • High Holy Days
  • Rosh Hashanah (New Year)
  • Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement)
  • Cultural Traditions
  • Ashkenazi -> moved to North/Eastern Europe
  • Sephardic -> moved South/Spain and Portugal

  • Maimonides (Aristotelian Philosopher) - 13 Trials of Faith
  • Modern Divisions
  • Reform
  • Orthodox
  • Conservative

  • Dreyfus Affair (1894) - major trial -> Jewish people want their own nation.
  • Holocaust (1941-1945)
  • 614th commandment - "never forget the Holocaust"

CHRISTIANITY

  • 313 Edict of Milan
  • 325 Council of Nicaea - first official council of bishops (set the date for easter)
  • 1054 Great Schism
  • 1517 - Ninety-five Theses
  • 1545 Council of Trent
  • 1906 Azusa Saint Revival -> Pentecostal Movement
  • City of God Saint Augustine
  • Sacrament (outward sign of inner grace)
  • Summa Theologia
  • Saint Thomas Aquinas

  • Martin Luther - Justification by faith "sola fide"
  • 16th Century Protestant Branches
  • Lutheran
  • Calvanist/Reformed
  • Anglican
  • Anabaptist (adult baptism)

  • Responses to Modernity
  • Deism: rational religion
  • Pietism: affective/emotional religion

  • Dr. King's vision of church and society in "Letter from Birmingham Jail"
  • Thermostat not thermometer
  • Regain the sacrificial spirit of early church
  • Moral duty to oppose unjust laws (or don't conform to law of God)

ISLAM

  • Muhammad
  • Khadija (Muhammad's first wife)
  • Quran "recitations" (start in 610)
  • Hadith (stories of the prophet)
  • Night Journey 620
  • Hijrah 622 (migration to Medina)
  • Ummah (community)
  • Sharia "law"
  • Kaaba -> cube in Mecca/most sacred spot
  • Conflict over the Caliph
  • Sunni -> Abu Bakr (majority)
  • Shiah -> Ali, Muhammad's Nephew (minority)
  • Battle of Karbala 680 ("Martyrdom of Husayn")
  • (Shiah rejects legitimacy of Caliph after this)

  • Sufism (mystification)
  • Jihad ("struggle")

  • Five Pillars of Islam
  • Statement of Faith
  • Praver (Five times a day)
  • Alms (2.5% of wealth per year)
  • Pilgrimage to Mecca (hajj)
  • Observe facts of Ramadan

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